When Wisconsin was first called upon to aid the general government in its efforts to sustain itself against the designs of the secession conspirators, the commercial affairs of the State were embarrassed to a considerable degree by the depreciation of the currency. The designs of the secessionists were so far developed at the ending of the year 1860, as to show that resistance to the National authority had been fully determined on. It is not a matter of wonder, then, that Gov. Randall, in his message to the Legislature, early in January, 1861, should have set forth the dangers which threatened the Union, or should have denied the right of a State to secede from it.
"Secession," said he, "is revolution; revolution is war; war against the government of the United States is treason." "It is time," he continued, "now, to know whether we have any government, and if so, whether it has any strength. Is our written constitution more than a sheet of parchment? The Nation must be lost or preserved by its own strength. Its strength is in the patriotism of the people. It is time now that politicians become patriots; that men show their love of country by every sacrifice, but that of principle, and by unwavering devotion to its interests and integrity." "The hopes," added the governor, most eloquently, "of civilization and Christianity are suspended now upon the answer to this question of dissolution. The capacity for, as well as the right of, self-government is to pass its ordeal, and speculation to become certainty. Other systems have been tried, and have failed; and all along the skeletons of Nations have been strewn, as warnings and land marks, upon the great highway of historic government. Wisconsin is true, and her people steadfast. She will not destroy the Union, nor consent that it shall be done. Devised by great, and wise, and good men, in days of sore trial, it must stand. Like some bold mountain, at whose base the great seas break their angry floods, and around whose summit the thunders of a thousand hurricanes have rattled --- strong, unmoved, immovable --- so may our Union be, while treason surges at its base, and passions rage around it, unmoved, immovable --- here let it stand forever."
These are the words of an exalted and genuine patriotism. But the governor did not content himself with eloquence alone. He came down to matters of business as well. He urged the necessity of legislation that would give more efficient organization to the militia of the State. He warned the legislators to make preparations also for the coming time that should try the souls of men. "The signs of the times," said he, "indicate that there may arise a contingency in the condition of the government, when it will become necessary to respond to a call of the National government for men and means to maintain the integrity of the Union, and to thwart the designs of men engaged in organized treason. While no unnecessary expense should be incurred, yet it is the part of wisdom, both for individuals and States, in revolutionary times to be prepared to defend our institutions to the last extremity." It was thus the patriotic governor gave evidence to the members of both houses that he "scented the battle afar off."
On the 16th of January a joint resolution of the Legislature was passed, declaring that the "people of Wisconsin are ready to co-operate with the friends of the Union everywhere for its preservation, to yield a cheerful obedience to its requirements, and to demand a like obedience from all others; that the Legislature of Wisconsin, profoundly impressed with the value of the Union, and determined to preserve it unimpaired, hail with joy the recent firm, dignified and patriotic special message of the President of the United States; that they tender to him through the chief magistrate of their own State, whatever aid, in men and money, may be required to enable him to enforce the laws and uphold the authority of the Federal government, and in defense of the more perfect Union, which has conferred prosperity and happiness on the American people." "Renewing," said they, "the pledge given and redeemed by our fathers, we are ready to 'devote our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honors' in upholding the Union and the constitution."
The Legislature, in order to put the State upon a kind of "war footing," passed an act for its defense, and to aid in enforcing the laws and maintaining the authority of the general government. It was under this act that Gov. Randall was enabled to organize the earlier regiments of Wisconsin. By it, in case of a call from the President of the United States to aid in maintaining the Union and the supremacy of the laws, to suppress rebellion or insurrection, or to repel invasion within the United States, the governor was authorized to provide in the most efficient manner for responding to such call; to accept the services of volunteers for service, in companies of seventy-five men each, rank and file, and in regiments of ten companies of seventy-five men each, and to commission officers for them. The governor was also authorized to contract for the uniforms and equipments necessary for putting such companies into active service. $100,000 was appropriated for war purposes; and bonds were authorized to be issued for that amount, to be negotiated by the governor for raising funds. It will be seen, therefore, that the exigencies of the times, for Fort Sumter had not yet been surrendered, were fully met by the people's representatives, they doing their whole duty, as they then understood it, in aid of the perpetuity of the Union.
Having defended Fort Sumpter for thirty-four hours, until the quarters were entirely burned, the main gates destroyed, the gorge-wall seriously injured, the magazine surrounded by flames, and its doors closed from the effects of the heat, four barrels and three cartridges of powder only being available, and no provisions but pork remaining, Robert Anderson, major of the first artillery, United States army, accepted terms of evacuation offered by Gen. Beauregard, marched out of the fort on Sunday afternoon, the 14th of April, 1861, with colors flying and drums beating, bringing away company and private property, and saluting his flag with fifty guns. This in brief is the story of the fall of Sumter and the opening act of the War of the Rebellion.
"Whereas," said Abraham Lincoln, President, in his proclamation of the next day, "the laws of the United States have been for some time past, and now are, opposed, and the execution thereof obstructed, in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by powers vested in the marshals by law." Now in view of that fact, he called forth the militia of the several States of the Union, to the aggregate number of 75,000, in order to suppress these combinations, and to cause the laws to be duly executed. "A call is made on you by to-night's mail for one regiment of militia for immediate service," telegraphed the secretary of war to Randall on the same day.
In Wisconsin, as elsewhere, the public pulse quickened under the excitement of the fall of Sumter. "The dangers which surrounded the Nation awakened the liveliest sentiments of patriotism and devotion. For the time, party fealty was forgotten in the general desire to save the Nation. The minds of the people soon settled into the conviction that a bloody war was at hand, and that the glorious fabric of our National government, and the principles upon which it is founded, were in jeopardy, and with a determination unparalleled in the history of any country, they rushed to its defense. On every hand the National flag could be seen displayed, and the public enthusiasm knew no bounds. In city, town and hamlet, the burden on every tongue was war." "We have never been accustomed," said Gov. Randall, "to consider the military arm as essential to the maintenance of our government, but an exigency has arisen that demands its employment." "The time has come," he continued, "when parties and platforms must be forgotten, and all good citizens and patriots unite together in putting down rebels and traitors." "What is money," he asked, "what is life, in the presence of such a crisis?"
Such utterances and such enthusiasm could but have their effect upon the Legislature, which it will be remembered, was still in session. So, although that body had voted to adjourn, sine die, on the 15th of April, yet, when the moment arrived, and a message from the governor was received announcing that owing to the extraordinary exigencies which had arisen, an amendment of the law of the thirteenth of the month, was necessary, the resolution to adjourn was at once rescinded. The two houses thereupon not only increased the amount of bonds to be issued to $200,000, but they also passed a law exempting from civil process, during the time of service, all persons enlisting and mustering into the United States army from Wisconsin. When on the seventeenth, the Legislature did adjourn, the scene was a remarkable one. Nine cheers were given for the star spangled banner and three for the Governor's Guards, who had just then tendered their services, the first in the State, under the call for a regiment of men for three months duty.
"For the first time in the history of this Federal government," are the words of the governor, in a proclamation issued on the 16th of April, "organized treason has manifested itself within several States of the Union, and armed rebels are making war against it." "The treasuries of the country," said he, "must no longer be plundered; the public property must be protected from aggressive violence; that already seized must be retaken, and the laws must be executed in every State of the Union alike." "A demand," he added, "made upon Wisconsin, by the President of the United States, for aid to sustain the Federal arm, must meet with a prompt response." And it did, and no where with more genuine enthusiasm than in Crawford county.
The county of Crawford was not slow to move when it was clearly seen by her citizens that the Union was indeed and in truth threatened by armed rebellion and avowed secession.
On the 25th of April, the Courier said:
"We have neither space or time to comment upon the startling news with which the dispatches and our exchanges come crowded. The most prominent feature in the north is the perfect unity of sentiment in favor of sustaining the Federal Government, in a war that now seems inevitable. The same determination that every where shows itself in the north has a complete counterpart in the whole people of the south. Every southern State has formed an alliance, and the two sections of the country will meet in solid opposition. There is but one feeling at the north. There is but one sentiment at the south --- north and south are now in direct opposition. The result is bound to be a sanguinary conflict, the like of which history does not record."
In another article in the Courier of the same date, the editor has this to say:
"Last Friday evening, after only an hour's notice, Union Hall was crowded with the most enthusiastic audience ever assembled in Prairie du Chien. It was composed of the most substantial citizens of this vicinity, representing every class and every interest, every opinion and every party. They all seemed to be fully aroused to the importance of the events now transpiring, and had met together with one will to counsel and hear the suggestions of patriotic and practical men. Several speakers including the venerable chairman, spoke to the people calmly, deliberately and determinedly, but without rashness. The fact of a general civil war being already commenced, was freely discussed and fearlessly confronted. The only sentiment of all was a common cause in support of the government, the constitution and the flag of the union, resolutions loyal to the government were unanimously adopted; volunteers enlisted, and a subscription of over $300 subscribed to begin the work of organization. The feeling here is all on the side of sustaining the government in the enforcement of all constitutional law."
Early in May, 1861, a company under the three months' call was organized at Prairie du Chien --- the first in the county; under the President's proclamation no more three months' men could be accepted; so the company was re-organized under the three years call. The men left Prairie du Chien for Madison on the 25th day of June and on the 15th of July, were mustered into the service as company C, of the 6th Wisconsin regiment.
Captain. --- Alexander S. Hooe. 1st Lieut. --- Philip W. Plummer. 2nd " Thomas W. Plummer. 1st Sergt. --- Loyd G. Harris. 2nd " George O. Adams. 3rd " Judson Hurd. 4th " John W. Fonda. 5th " Barnard McGinty. 1st Corpl. --- John N. Chesnut. 2nd " Lemuel Bailey. 3rd " Orrin D. Chapman. 4th " Charles H. Putney. 5th " Herman Ganter. 6th " Simon W. Hubbard. 7th " Edward Whaley. 8th " James Sykes.Drummer --- Alexander Johnston.
Privates. --- Charles Adams, Christian Ammon, Mathew Andrews, Wm. Armstrong, Cuyler Babcock, Alexander Boyd, Winfield S. Bonney, Edwin A. Bottom, Henry L. Bottom, Norman S. Bull, John Beoman, Thomas Budworth, Simpson M. Brewer, Henry J. Cardey, James G. Conklin, Lynn B. Cook, Richard Corcoran, John Davidson, William Day, Wm. H. Drew, John Drysdale, Evan W. Ellis, George Fairfield, Samuel R. W. Faulkner, Lucius R. Fitch, Albert L. Fisk, Peter T. Gulberg, Chancey A. Green, Willard Gilmore, Charles Guyre, Daniel D. Havens, John Hall, Henry W. Hall, Lemuel P. Harvey, Ezra P. Hewitt, Lyman D. Holford, William Hickok, Edwin Hutchkroft, John H. Ishmael, William Kelly, Jacob Lemons, Homer C. Lillie, Augustus L. Muller, Richard A. Marston, Henry H. Miller, Brallon B. Morris, Millin McAdams, Martin L. Nelson, Wm. L. Nicholson, Alfred L. Onderkirk, Cornelius W. Okey, Henry Oviatt, Luke Parsons, Jonathan Hall, Burton Packhard, Walter J. Pease, William Pease, Henry C. Pettitt, Martin Prother, John Richards, Wm. M. Russell, George Russell, Sylvester W. Russell, Gottlieb Schwitzer or Sweitzer, Lyman W. Sheldon, Albert P. Sprague, Harley L. Sprague, Alexander Turk, Aleck Torley, Harry H. Thompson, Henry Vanderbilt, Stephen Vesper, Joseph Villemin, Francis G. Washington, Wm. H. Wallin, U. M. Weideman, Myndert Wemple, Wm. Winns, Alfred R. Withrow, Julius Wieman, George W. Wilson, Daniel M. Wordman, John P. Whitehouse, Chas. E. White, Robert White, Frank Young.
This company was made a part of
Colonel. --- Lysander Cutler.
Lieutenant Colonel. --- J. P. Atwood.
Major. --- B. F. Sweet.
Adjutant. --- Frank A. Haskell.
Quartermaster. --- I. N. Mason.
Surgeon. --- C. B. Chapman.
First Assistant Surgeon. --- A. W. Preston.
Second Assistant Surgeon. --- A. P. Andrews.
Chaplain. --- Rev. N. A. Staples.
Captain Co. A. --- A. G. Mallory. " " B. --- D. J. Dill. " " C. --- A. S. Hooe. " " D. --- J. O'Rourke. " " E. --- E. S. Bragg. " " F. --- William H. Lindwurm. " " G. --- M. A. Northrup. " " H. --- J. F. Houser. " " I. --- Leonard Johnson. " " K. --- R. R. Dawes. 1st Lieut. Co. A. --- D. K. Noyes. " " B. --- J. F. Marsh. " " C. --- P. W. Plumer. " " D. --- John Nichols. " " E. --- A. E. A. Brown. " " F. --- Fred Schumacher. " " G. --- G. L. Montague. " " H. --- J. D. Lewis. " " I. --- F. A. Haskell. " " K. --- J. A. Kellogg. 2nd Lieut. Co. A. --- F. C. Thomas. " " B. --- Henry Serrill. " " C. --- J. W. Plummer. " " D. --- P. H. McCauley. " " E. --- J. H. Marston. " " F. --- Werner Von Bacheli. " " G. --- W. W. Allen. " " H. --- J. A. Tester. " " I. --- A. T. Johnson. " " K. --- John Crane.
The regiment arrived at Washington on the 7th of August and was immediately assigned to King's brigade and went into camp on Meridian Hill, where it remained until the 3d of September, when it marched with the brigade to Chain bridge, and was employed in picket and guard duty at Camp Lyon, until it was joined by the 2d Wisconsin the 9th Indiana and the 7th Wisconsin, about the 1st of October. These, afterwards, formed the famous "Iron Brigade."
Early in the war Gen. Rufus King, a graduate of West Point, tendered his services to the government and was appointed brigadier general, with authority to form a brigade composed of regiments from Wisconsin. In this he only partially succeeded, as the 5th Wisconsin was transferred to another brigade. He, however, succeeded in permanently attaching the 2d, 6th and 7th to the brigade; these, with the 9th Indiana, afterwards received the name of the "Iron Brigade," in the history of which is merged that of the 6th Wisconsin.
The brigade assigned to McDowell's division remained in camp at Fort Tillinghast until March 10, 1862, when they took part in the advance on Manassas, Col. Cutler, of the 6th Wisconsin, being in command of the brigade. The month of July found them at Falmouth, opposite Fredericksburg. The brigade afterward took part in the celebrated retreat of Gen. Pope.
On the 28th of August, 1862, the battle of Gainesville was fought. This was one of the bloodiest battles of the war, and was fought by the "Iron Brigade" alone, it only receiving aid after the heaviest of the fighting was over. On the 29th of August the brigade was present on the battle field of Bull Run, engaged as support to a battery, and took part in the battle of the 30th and in the retreat which followed.
The "Iron Brigade" took part in the battle of South Mountain, Sept. 14, 1862. In the early part of the battle of Antietam (which contest was participated in, among others by the "Iron Brigade"), a shell fell into the ranks of the 6th regiment, killing or wounding thirteen men and officers.
General Hooker was placed in command of the Army of the Potomac, and the campaign of 1863 was begun on the 28th of April. The "Iron Brigade" proceeded on that day to Fitzhugh's crossing below Fredericksburg, and was attached to the first division of the first army corps. A fight occurred the next day at the crossing, but the 6th Wisconsin, followed by the 24th Michigan, crossed over in face of the enemy and carried their works.
The "Iron Brigade" was in the battle of Gettysburg. But it was in the battle of the Wilderness that the 6th regiment suffered more than in any other of the war.
The severity of the service engaged in by the 6th Wisconsin from this time until it was mustered out, can be judged of by the lists of the killed and wounded at different periods.
The 6th regiment was mustered out on the 14th of July, 1865, and arrived at Madison on the 16th of that month, and were publicly received, paid and the regiment disbanded.
No company going to the war was made up entirely of Crawford county men. Some, however, besides company C of the 6th Wisconsin regiment, were so largely from the county as to entitle them to be called Crawford county companies. We give these in the order of their regiments: Company F, 8th Wisconsin regiment; companies A, D and K, 31st Wisconsin; and company A, 43d regiment. Besides these, there were a number of men from the county in the 2d Wisconsin cavalry and in the 7th Wisconsin battery. The following is the
Captain --- James H. Greene.
1st. Lieut. Zenas Beach. 2d " James Berry. 1st Sergt. --- James T. McClure. 2d " Bedford Bush. 3d " Alexander M. Beach. 4th " Benjamin F. Allison. 5th " Willard D. Chapman. 1st Corpl. --- Samuel McColough. 2d " Byron Hewitt. 3d " George H. Sterling. 4th " Wellington K. Forshey. 5th " Charles Green. 6th " Michael Maloney. 7th " Samuel L. Tillotson. 8th " James Patterson.
Privates. --- Alonzo Allen, John W. Allison, Henry W. Allen, Frank Brady, Charles Belrichard, Samuel J. Burlock, Gonzaque Boucher, Amos W. Bickford, William Burns, B. Bailey, Henry E. Butterfield, Ferdinand Barnes, Edward D. Copsey, William Copsey, Seymour M. Cummings, John Clark, Edward C. Dwight, James W. Dennison, Stephen A. Dawson, George M. Drumm, John Elder, John T. Earle, Edward Ellis, Joseph M. Flint, Justus Fish, Martin Finley, Benjamin F. Groves, William C. Groves, Isaac N. Groves, Eli M. Groves, Joshua S. Groves, Louis Groesbeck, Philander S. Groesbeck, Stewart Groesbeck, John W. Greenman, Adna H. Griffin, Joseph H. Griffin, Blake W. Griffin, Eben Hayden, James Hamilton, James H. Heavein, Alexander Henderson, Joseph Henry, Charles S. Irvin, Harrison C. Joseph, Thomas E. Joseph, John E. Joseph, Jeremiah L. Joseph, Milton Jacobs, Fred Lang, Joseph Lemons, Thurlow W. Lacy, Alfred Love, Lemuel J. Lewis, Albert Mallony, Cornelius A. Marston, Charles Munn, Zachariah McQueen, George S. Nichols, Martin Nyland, Edward Ostrander, Eben Pixley, Charles W. Parker, Robert Park, Jacob Paul, Michael Pelland, R. Perkinson, John Peters, Wilson Pitchu, Charles Adam Rosenbeck, George M. Robbins, Joseph Ruff, Ferdinand Ruba, A. Shulka, John W. Smith, John L. Smith, Aden Sherwood, Archibald Sears, Frank Shumway, John W. Shell, David Shrake, Michael Sallander, William Sallander, William Stephenson, William H. Thompson, James T. Temby, John Thomas, Francis Thurstin, William Wolford, Francis X. Wagoner, Darius Welch, T. A. Wilder, Stephen Dawson.
This company, as we have seen, was made a part of the 8th Wisconsin regiment.
The 8th regiment was called into camp from the 1st to the 16th of September, 1861, and placed under the command of Col. Robert C. Murphy, of St. Croix Falls. The other field and staff officers were, George W. Robinson, lieutenant-colonel; J. W. Jefferson, major; Ezra T. Sprague, adjutant; F. L. Billings, quarter-master; S. P. Thornhill, surgeon; W. Hobbins and J. S. Murta, assistants; and W. McKinley, chaplain. The companies were from the counties of Waupaca, Sheboygan, Eau Claire, Crawford, La Crosse, Racine and from Fox Lake, Fitchburg, Janesville and Belleville. The numerical strength of the regiment when it left Camp Randall was 966 men, and it was mustered into service by companies, by Maj. Brooks.
After being fully equipped (with the exception of arms), on the 30th of September, Col. Murphy received notice that he had been assigned, with his command, to Major-Gen. Fremont's division. On the 1st of October, orders were received to move forward to St. Louis, at which place they arrived October 13. The fine appearance of the regiment elicited universal praise. It was received at St. Louis by the Hon. S. Cameron, Secretary of War, and Adjutant-Gen. L. Thomas, who paid it a high compliment. This was the first regiment that had passed in that direction from the State. The next day after their arrival, an order came for them to move forward to Pilot Knob with the certainty of meeting the enemy. They went forward, and on the 21st took part in the battle of Frederickstown. The regiment was held as a reserve.
The 8th regiment, from the time of their departure from the State, up to the middle of January, with the exception of the skirmish at Frederickstown, in the autumn of 1861, was principally engaged in guarding railroad bridges and other general duties in the southern portion of Missouri and in Arkansas. On the 16th of January they left Camp Curtis, arriving at Cairo the next day. From Cairo they were ordered to Point Pleasant, Mo., to participate in the attack on Island No. 10, whence they marched, on the 7th of April, to New Madrid.
Shortly after the reduction of this island, they were ordered to Corinth, and arrived at Pittsburg Landing on the 22d of April, when they at once took their place in the army destined for the reduction of Corinth. On the 9th of May, at the battle of Farmington, the 8th regiment, under the command of Lieut.-Col. Robbins, lost in killed, three (of whom two were commissioned officers), and sixteen wounded, and one missing. On the 28th of May, leaving Farmington, the regiment, under the command of Lieut.-Col. Robbins --- Col. Murphy being in charge of the brigade --- went into action before Corinth, and, by their steady courage and demeanor, demonstrated their bravery under a heavy fire, losing, in this action, two killed and five wounded. This was the last effort of the rebels to defend the city, which was entered by our troops two days afterwards.
Subsequently they were ordered to Iuka, where they remained until the approach of the rebels under Price and Van Dorn, when they were again ordered to Corinth, and took part in the second battle of Corinth, on the 3d and 4th of October. During this battle, while Col. Murphy was absent, Lieut.-Col. Robbins and Maj. Jefferson were wounded, and carried from the field; and the command of the regiment devolved upon Capt. Britton, who nobly conducted the action. Their loss in this battle was fourteen killed, seventy-five wounded, and two missing. After joining in the pursuit of the rebels which followed this battle, they returned to Corinth on the 14th of October, after which time they were stationed in the vicinity of Waterford, Miss.
The 8th nobly earned the encomiums bestowed upon it. Its record is such that Wisconsin may well feel proud of the "Eagle" regiment.
On the 8th of December, the regiment was at Waterford, Miss., in the left wing of the Army of the Tennessee, under the command of Maj.-Gen. U. S. Grant.
The 8th regiment, in January, 1863, moved from La Grange, by way of Corinth, to Germantown, Tenn., where they were employed in building fortifications, and guard duty, until March 11, when they marched to Memphis, and joined the forces intended by Gen. Grant to operate against Vicksburg, which were being concentrated near Helena. Lieut. Col. Robbins was commissioned as colonel in the place of Col. Murphy dismissed. The regiment with others attacked the enemy, and, on the 14th of May, took possession of Jackson, the capital of Mississippi. They then proceeded to Walnut Hills, forming the extreme right of the investing force around Vicksburg. Here they took a part in the assault on the enemy's works. The regiment participated in many skirmishes with some loss, and on the 26th of September moved to Black river bridge, and went into camp, and remained until Oct. 13. The 8th regiment, on the 27th of January, 1864, proceeded to Vicksburg, by way of Memphis, and encamped near Black river bridge on the 3d of February. They took part in Sherman's famous Meridian expedition, marching as far as Canton, Miss., and returning to Black river bridge, thence to Vicksburg, on the 5th of March. Here the regiment consented to remain and take part in Gen. Smith's projected expedition up the river to co-operate with Gen. Banks. The regiment expected to be sent home on veteran furlough, but remained at the especial request of Gen. Sherman. Leaving Vicksburg March 10, they passed down the Mississippi and up the Red River, to Simmsport, and landed. The brigade advanced and charged upon the rebels at Fort Scurvy, capturing several prisoners, and some military stores. Continuing up the river, they attacked and captured Fort de Russy, after a short resistance. Here they were joined by the fleet, when they proceeded to Alexandria, and thence to Henderson Hill, where they found the rebels posted with artillery. A detour of fifteen miles was made in order to attack the enemy on the rear. About midnight, Gen. Mower succeeded in capturing the whole rebel force (three hundred and fifty strong), with four guns and 400 horses, and other munitions of war. After a number of marches with Gen. Smith's army and a part of Gen. Banks's force, they received the attack of the enemy, and, after four hours hard fighting, drove him from the field. Our forces subsequently retreated to Grand Encore, and thence to Alexandria.
The 8th participated in an action at Natchitoches, and also at Cloutierville, where the rebels were driven back in confusion. On the 4th of May, the 8th were deployed as skirmishers, and drove the enemy ten miles. At Bayou La Moore, the enemy annoyed them by continuous artillery and musketry fire. They also took part in an action at Mansura, and also Calhan's Plantation, and Bayou De Glaize; after which Gen. Smith's army returned to the mouth of Red River, and, embarking, reached Vicksburg on the 24th, and went into camp. The rebels having attempted to blockade the Mississippi at Columbia, Ark., on the 6th of June, Gen. Smith sent forward a division of 1,500 infantry, and a battery in charge of Gen. Mower. The enemy were found, and an engagement ensued. The enemy were driven from their position, and pursued several miles. In this action, known as the "Battle of Chicot," the regiment had three killed, and sixteen wounded. The command proceeded up the river to Memphis, and went into camp. Here the veterans were allowed to proceed to Wisconsin on thirty days' furlough. The remainder of the regiment moved to La Grange, and in July took part in the expedition into Mississippi, and participated in the engagements near Tupelo. They returned to Memphis after a march of 260 miles. Here they were joined by the regiment from veteran furlough. Subsequently the 8th marched from Memphis to Mississippi with the forces of Gen. A. J. Smith. On the 2d of September, they proceeded to White River and to Duvall's Bluff, thence to Brownsville, in pursuit of Gen. Price, and reached Cape Giraradeau, Oct. 1. On the 5th, they left for St. Louis, where the regiment was newly clothed and equipped. Re-embarking on transports, they reached Jefferson City, and thence to Lamoine Bridge. From this place, they were assigned on the expeditionary army against Gen. Price through Kansas. Learning of the defeat and dispersion of Price's forces, they returned, reaching Benton Barracks November, 15. On the 23d of November, they proceeded to Nashville to re-enforce Gen. Thomas, and took part in the battle on the 15th and 16th of December. In this action, the regiment captured a six-gun battery, about 400 prisoners, and two stands of colors. Their losses were, ten, killed; fifty-two, wounded. The regiment joined in the pursuit, marching 150 miles, and finally encamped at Clifton, Tenn., on the 22d of January, 1865.
The 8th regiment joined in the pursuit of the enemy after the battle of Nashville, marched 150 miles, and encamped at Clifton, Tenn. On the 2d of January, 1865, they moved to Eastport. Embarking on the 6th of February, they proceeded, with the 16th corps, down the Tennessee to Cairo, and thence to New Orleans, and went into camp five miles below that city. On the 5th of March they moved in transports to take part in the investment of the defences of Mobile, landing at Dauphin Island, and from thence proceeded up Fish river, ten miles, and went into camp. On the 25th they moved, and took position in the lines before the Spanish fort. Here they were engaged in fortifying, and the performance of picket-duty, until the evacuation of the fort, on the 9th of April, when they moved to a position before Fort Blakely, and took part in the charge on that place with a small loss. After the surrender, the regiment marched 180 miles to Montgomery, Ala., where they remained until the 10th of May, when they marched by way of Selma, and took cars for Uniontown, on the Alabama & Mississippi railroad. Here they went into camp, and remained until orders were received for their muster out. This was done at Demopolis, Ala., on the 5th of September, and the regiment reached Madison on the 13th, where they received their pay, and were formally disbanded.
The 8th was known as the "Eagle Regiment," from the fact that a live eagle was carried through all its campaigns, up to the return of the non-veterans in 1864. This bird was taken from the parent nest in Chippewa Co., Wis., by an Indian, who disposed of it to a gentleman in Eau Claire county, from whom it was purchased by members of Capt. Perkin's company, Eau Claire Eagles, by whom it was presented to the regiment while organizing in 1861. It is needless to say that it was instantly adopted as the regimental pet, and was christened "Old Abe." A perch was prepared and the royal bird was borne with the regiment on all its marches, and into every battle in which the gallant 8th was engaged, up to the muster-out of the non-veterans. Perched on his standard, above the heads of the men, the bird was more than once the mark for rebel bullets, but, luckily, escaped unharmed, with the exception of the loss of a few feathers shot away. He returned with the non-veterans in 1864, and was presented to the State, and placed in charge of the quarter-master's department, and every care necessary bestowed on him. At the great Chicago fair in 1863, "Old Abe" was exhibited, and his photographs disposed of, realizing the amount of about $16,000. He was also exhibited at the Milwaukee fair with profitable results. We are told that the sum netted to these charitable objects was about $20,000. He occasionally breaks from his fetters, and soars into his native element; but he has become so far domesticated, that he is easily recovered. Occasionally the music of a band, or the noise of a drum, will reach his ear, when he will instantly listen, and will respond with his characteristic scream, probably recognizing the strain as one with which the battle-field has made his ear familiar. "Old Abe" has become celebrated in our military annals; and his history is inextricably interwoven with that of the brave and gallant regiment who bore him triumphantly through the field of strife.
Reference has been made to the 8th Wisconsin as the "Eagle Regiment." Some account of this "eagle," from whom the regiment derived its name, will prove interesting.
" 'Old Abe' was captured in the spring of 1861, in Chippewa Co., Wis., by an Indian, by the name of A-ge-mah-me-ge-zhig, of the Lake Flambeau tribe of the Chippewa Indians. The Indian sold the eagle to Mr. D. McCann, for a bushel of corn. Mr. McCann concluded that his eagle should go to the wars. He took him to Chippewa Falls, and from thence to Eau Claire. The eagle being then about two months old, he sold it for $2.50 to company C, 8th Wisconsin regiment. The eagle was soon sworn into service by putting around his neck red-white-and-blue ribbons, and on his breast a rosette of the same colors. The company, commanded by Capt. J. E. Perkins, and James McGennis, the eagle-bearer, left for Madison on the 6th of September, 1861. They arrived at La Crosse in the evening of the next day. The fact that a company was coming with a live eagle brought a great crowd to the wharf. A salute from the 1st Wisconsin Battery was fired, followed by cheers from the crowd and soldiers, 'The eagle, the eagle! hurrah for the eagle!' Arriving at Madison on the 8th of September, the company marched direct to Camp Randall, the band playing Yankee Doodle, amidst great shouting from the 7th regiment and part of the 8th. The company entered the gate; and the eagle, as if by instinct, spread his wings, took hold of one of the small flags attached to his perch, in his beak, and carried it in that position to the colonel's quarters. The excitement knew no bounds; shout after shout was heard from the crowd. Deep and strong was the conviction that the eagle had a charmed life.
"In camp he was visited by thousands, among them the highest dignitaries of civil and military life. Capt. Perkins named him 'Old Abe,' in honor of Abraham Lincoln. By a vote of the company, the Eau Claire Badgers, its original name was changed to Eau Claire Eagles; and, by general expression of the people, the 8th Wisconsin was called the 'Eagle Regiment.'
"On the 12th of October, 1861, the regiment left Camp Randall. At Chicago, St. Louis, and in fact everywhere, 'Old Abe' attracted great attention. $500 were at one time offered for him, and at another, a farm worth $5,000 but, of course, in vain. His feathers are scattered all over the Union, so great the demand for them. 'Old Abe' was seen in all his glory, when the regiment was engaged in battle. At such times, he was always found in his place at the head of company C. In the midst of the roaring of cannon, the crack of the musket, and the roll of smoke, 'Old Abe' with spread pinions, would jump up and down on his perch, uttering wild and fearful screams. The fiercer and louder the storm of battle, the fiercer, wilder, and louder the screams. 'Old Abe' was with the command in nearly every action, about twenty-two battles and sixty skirmishes. It is a remarkable fact that not a color or eagle bearer of the 8th was shot down. The veterans were mustered out of United States service, at Memphis, Sept. 16, 1864. It was there decided that 'Old Abe' should be given to the State of Wisconsin. They arrived in Madison on the 22d; and on the 26th, 'Old Abe' was received by the Governor from Capt. Wolf." "Old Abe" has paid the debt of nature, and now reposes as an object of curiosity, in a glass case, on an elegant pedestal, in the rotunda of the State house, in Madison, Wisconsin.
Three Crawford companies (A, D, and K), were, as before mentioned, made a part of
This regiment (Col. Isaac E. Messmore) was left, in 1862, by the order of the war department prohibiting recruiting, with less than the minimum. Six companies from Iowa, Lafayette, and Crawford counties, were ordered into camp at Prairie du Chien; and special permission, before alluded to, was obtained to continue recruiting for this regiment. At the close of the year, it was much above the minimum strength, and of good material. On the 14th of November, it was removed from Prairie du Chien, in charge of the camp of rendezvous for drafted men at Racine, where it remained, awaiting orders to join the army in the field.
The regiment left the State for service in the field on the 1st of March, 1863, under orders to report at Columbus, Ky. Proceeding by way of Cairo, Ill., they arrived at Columbus on the 3d, and went into camp at Fort Halleck. Here the regiment was stationed, and was engaged in the performance of garrison duty, until Sept. 24, when it left Columbus, with orders to report at Louisville, Ky., which place it reached on the 27th. On the 5th of October, it marched to La Vergne, Tenn., and guarded the road until the 25th, when it marched to Murfreesboro. Three companies were detached and stationed at a point where the railroad passed Stone river. Here they threw up fortifications, and guarded this important bridge during the winter.
Three companies of the 31st regiment were engaged in the winter of 1863-64 guarding the bridge at Stone river. On the 2d of April, they rejoined the regiment at Murfreesboro, and were engaged during the month along the road between that place and Normandy, Tenn., doing outpost-duty. On the 6th of July, they were ordered to Nashville, and on their arrival had quarters assigned them west of the Nashville & Chattanooga railroad. From Nashville, they proceeded by rail for Marietta, Ga., which they reached on the 19th. While on the road, near Kingston, one of the trains ran off the track, wounding two officers, killing one man, and severely wounding ten others. On the 22d of July, the regiment moved with the army upon Atlanta, and were placed in the front line; and here they lay under fire until Aug. 25, when they took part in the movement of the corps. They then returned to the railroad bridge across the Chattahoochee, while the rest of the army swung around to Jonesboro.
On the 4th of September, the skirmishers of the 31st were among the first to enter the city. The next day, the regiment moved within the fortifications, and was assigned quarters in the city. In addition to other duties devolving upon troops in an enemy's country, the regiment were engaged in protecting forage-trains, and were very successful furnishing grain for the famishing horses and mules of the army. The twentieth army corps broke camp on the 15th of November, and filed out of the burning city, which proved to be the march to the sea. The fatigues and dangers to which all were exposed were endured by the 31st during the march through Georgia. They took part in an engagement ten miles from Savannah, capturing the works and the camp of the enemy; having one man killed, and three wounded. The regiment took part in the siege of Savannah, and after its capture was assigned quarters within the fortifications. Here they remained until the 18th of January, 1865.
On that day the regiment crossed the Savannah river, and rejoined its division at Parisburg, S. C., twenty-five miles distant from Savannah. Owing to rains, they were water-bound until the 28th. The regiment marched with the army through South Carolina, doing its share in burning and destroying, tearing up railroads, and similar duties, to drive back the enemy's rear-guard. On the 16th of March they took position in the front, at the battle of Averysboro, and were under fire until night. They lost two men killed, and ten wounded. On the 19th, the 31st was at the battle of Bentonville, in which ten were killed, and forty-two wounded. The regiment reached Goldsboro on the 24th of March, having been on the tramp sixty-five days, twenty-three of which the rain fell without cessation, many of them barefoot, and often hungry for twenty-four hours. On the 10th of April the army was again in motion, in the direction of Raleigh, when they heard of Johnston's surrender to Gen. Sherman. The regiment went into camp at Raleigh. On the 30th of April the twentieth army corps started for Washington, passing through Richmond, Va., on the 11th, and arrived at Alexandria May 20. On the 24th they took part in the grand review at Washington. On the 2d of June they were ordered to Louisville, where quarters were assigned to them. Six companies were mustered out, to date from June 20, and left for Madison June 21. They were paid off, and went to their homes July 8, 1865. The remaining companies remained in camp until July 8, and were mustered out, reaching Madison on the 12th, and were paid off and discharged July 20, 1865.
Another "Crawford County Company" --- Company A. --- as before noticed, was made a part of
The 43d regiment, organized in the latter part of 1864, left Nashville on the 1st of January, 1865, and moved to Deckerd, Tenn., by rail, where six companies went into camp, and four companies were detached to guard Elk river bridge. In the beginning of June they returned to Nashville, and were mustered out of service on the 24th of June. They soon after returned to Milwaukee, and were disbanded.
There was, as previously indicated, a number of men from Crawford county in
A special permit from the war department was obtained by Edward Daniels to raise a regiment of cavalry; and he received from Gov. Randall, on the 30th of June, 1861, a commission as lieutenant-colonel, as an indorsement of his commission from the general government. He immediately commenced recruiting, and formed a camp of rendezvous at Ripon, and soon drew together over 1,000 men. He soon after broke camp at Ripon, and moved to Kenosha, at which place the regiment was camped at the close of 1861. The field and staff officers were: Edward Daniels, colonel; O. H. Lagrange, first major; Henry Pomeroy, second major; H. N. Gregory, surgeon; Charles Lord and H. W. Cansall, assistants; and J. E. Mann, quarter-master. The 2d Cavalry regiment, like the first, was organized under a special permit from the general government, granted to Hon. C. C. Washburn. Col. Washburn received his commission from Gov. Randall, indorsing the action of the general government, Oct. 10, 1861 and immediately commenced recruiting for his regiment, and formed a camp for rendezvous on the fair grounds at Milwaukee. The original field and staff officers, as far as known, were: Thomas Stevens, lieutenant-colonel; H. E. Eastman, major; Levi Sterling, third major; W. H. Morgan, adjutant; C. G. Pease, surgeon; A. McBean, assistant; W. H. Brisbane, chaplain.
On the 28th of December, the 2d Cavalry numbered about 600 men.
On the 24th of March, 1862, the regiment left Camp Washburn, under orders for St. Louis; at which place they arrived on the 26th, and were quartered in Benton Barracks. Here they were mounted and completely equipped; and, on the 15th of May, the first battalion left for Jefferson City, followed, on the 19th, by the second and third battalions. They left Jefferson City on the 28th en route for Springfield, where they arrived on the 10th of June. From Springfield they were ordered, on the 13th, to join Gen. Curtis' command. The junction was effected at Augusta. They were present at the battle of Bayou Cache, on the 7th of July, and afterward accompanied Gen. Curtis' command to Helena, Ark., in the vicinity of which place they were at the close of 1862.
This regiment was familiarly known as "Washburn's Cavalry, "having been recruited as we have seen by C. C. Washburn. He was retained in its immediate command but a short time, having been promoted to the position of brigadier-general. Col. Stephens, afterwards in command of the regiment, was formerly inspector general of this State. It was now in the third division of the Army of Eastern Arkansas, under command of Gen. Gorman.
The regiment in February, 1863, was at Memphis, Tenn., and remained there until the month of May, Lieut.-Col. Thomas Stephens in command. In April, a detachment took part in the action at Cold Water, and did very active service. On the 10th of June Maj.-Gen. Washburn was placed in command of all the cavalry forces at Memphis, and received orders to report to Gen. Grant at Vicksburg. On the 13th of June the regiment was at Snyder's Bluff, engaged in scouting, up to July 4. On that day, they moved to the forks of Deer creek and Big Black river. On their way they received information of the surrender of Vicksburg. They took part in Gen. Sherman's expedition to Jackson, and on their return encamped (June 29) within a short distance of Redbone church. The 3d cavalry was, in the latter part of 1862, at Fort Blunt, and on the 16th of July, 1863, marched southward, under command of Gen. Blunt. The next day, they were engaged in the battle of Honey Spring, in which the rebels were utterly routed, with the loss of many prisoners. On the 16th of August, they routed a superior force of the enemy; and, the day ensuing, attacked a large body of rebel Choctaw Indians, capturing their stores, and putting the whole force to flight.
The 2d Cavalry on the 27th of May, 1864, moved to Vicksburg; and, on the 11th of May, the veterans returned from Wisconsin, Col. T. Stephens in command. The regiment was engaged in scouting in southwestern Missouri and northwestern Arkansas during the summer, and on the 1st of September returned to Vicksburg, and were engaged, in the months of October, November and December, in heavy scouting duty. On the 2d of December Lieut.-Col. Dale, with 250 men of the 2d Cavalry, encountered a large body of the enemy near Yazoo City, on the Vicksburg road, where two were killed, eight wounded and twenty-seven reported as taken prisoners. On the 8th of December the regiment moved up the river to Memphis, and were engaged in scouting, etc., to the last of April, 1865.
The regiment was at Memphis the latter part of May, 1865, scouting, when they were put upon the duty of guarding citizens from depredations of rebel soldiers and bushwhackers. They were engaged in this duty until in June, when they were ordered to report to Gen. Sheridan at Alexandria, La. On the 3d of July Col. Stephens and the men whose term expired Oct. 1, 1865, were mustered out, embracing about 200 men. The remainder of the regiment moved from Memphis to Alexandria, thence by way of Jasper, Livingston and Swartwout, to Trinity river, thence to Danville, Montgomery and Hempstead, Texas, where they arrived on the 26th day of July, after a march of 310 miles in nineteen days. Here they were employed in drilling and camp duty until the 30th of October, when they commenced their march to Austin, where they arrived on the 4th of November. They were mustered out on the 15th, and on the 17th set out for home, arriving at Madison Dec. 11, 1865, and were paid off and disbanded.
The following are all the citizen soldiers of Crawford county, so far as they can now be ascertained, arranged under the towns in which they lived at the time of their enlistment:
[Those marked (a) were killed in action; (b), died of wounds received in action; (c), died of disease; (d), died prisoners of war; (e), killed by accident].
Second Infantry. --- Co. I.: Jacob Purcell.
Sixth Infantry. --- Co. C : Burton Packard, Stephen D. Bean.
Twenty-fifth Infantry. --- Co. A : Philo Curley.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. A : Ithamer C. Burges. Co. D: Moses Barrette, Fredrick Brandes, George Curley.
Thirty-seventh Infantry. --- Co. I : Edward Thurston.
Sixth Infantry. --- Co. C : Alexander Turk, Rollin Abbey, Austin Chadwyne c, John Q. T. Jordan, Elias Turner, C. D. Lamport, Samuel B. Mitchel. Co. E : James West.
Seventh Infantry. --- Co. C: Lawrence Dowling.
Thirteenth Infantry. --- Co. I: Forger Munson, Severt Wilkerson.
Fifteenth Infantry. --- Co. I: William Black, Samuel Brigg c, George A. Smith, Coleman Winn c.
Twenty-first Infantry. --- Co. E: Michael Gorman.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. A: Samuel F. Brown, Corporal. Co. D: Jonathan W. Adney, William H. Evans.
Thirty-fifth Infantry. --- Co. C: George W. Pugh.
Thirty-sixth Infantry. --- Co. H: Samuel H. Hayes c.
Thirty-seventh Infantry. --- Co. G: William Hounsell.
Forty-third Infantry. --- Co. A: William Elden.
Third Infantry. --- Co. H: Thomas Jones c.
Sixth Infantry. --- Co. C: John Davidson, William W. Fisher a, Simon P. Rittenhouse, Joseph Dennis, James T. Mollery, John Gospel, Hiram West.
Eighth Infantry. --- Co. F: Zenas Beack, 1st Lieut., James T. McClure a, 1st Sergt., Alexander M. Beach, Sergt., Alonzo Allen, Gonzaque Busher, Frank Brady, Samuel J. Burlock, Edward Ellis c, Eben Hayden, Fred Lang c, Albert Mallory c, Edward Ostrander c, Charles A. Rossenbeck.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. G: Edwin D. Partridge, William Fisher.
Eighteenth Infantry. --- Co. H: William W. Bruner.
Nineteenth Infantry. --- Co. A: Silas A. Samphear.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. A: Milo J. Strong, Sergt., Robert Wisdom, Corpl., John B. Coyle, William Haley, Daniel T. Sage, Alfred Wallin, Joseph Wallin. Co. D: Lyman Cook, James McCann, James Tucker, John Vowrak. Co. K: Leonard A. Bonney, 1st Lieut., Aurelius P. Zander, 1st Sergt., Henry A. Bailey, Michael Holley, John Mischo, Eugene L. Rosenback, Robert M. Thomas.
Thirty-sixth Infantry. --- Co. H: George H. Hazen, Blitha G. Thomas.
Forty-third Infantry. --- Co. A: Michael Donahue, Joseph Ott, David Roy, David Sibido, David C. Posey, Alfred Belrichard, William C. Coales, Joseph A. Elis c, Michael Gronerb, Daniel Stackland.
Second Cavalry. --- Co. C: Aaron C. Hazen c.
Sixth Infantry. --- Co. I: Charles Dibble a.
Eighth Infantry. --- Co. F: Martin Finley, Charles S. Twoin c, Samuel J. Lewis e, Zachariah McQueen c.
Tenth Infantry. --- Co. G: Andrew Knudson.
Twelfth Infantry. --- Co. K: Lewis Johnson, Henry Johnson, Thomas Lyme, Erick Knudson, Andrew Knudson, Othalis T. McQueen, Andrew Oleson.
Forty-second Infantry. --- Co. B: Veranus E. Akin, Corpl.., William P. Hill, Mathew E. Lawrence, Benjamin F. Olin. Co. D: Ole Oleson.
Forty-ninth Infantry. --- Co. F: Andrew Lewis, Andrew Rogerson.
Fiftieth Infantry. --- Co. B: Erastus H. Ames.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. I: Alexander Wilkins, Henry D. Crow.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. A: Gilbert E. Hawand, John D. Welch. Co. D: John C. Bellville, 1st Sergt., James Rinehart, Corpl., Lewis Bartlett, Nathan K. Coleman, David V. Coleman, John Coleman, Nathan Coleman c, Phillip H. Moon, David J. McCullick, Ira N. Miller, Joseph Mars c, Ephriam H. Turk, Josiah Willsey. Co. K: John H. Fortney, H. D. Crow, C. D. Kast c. Edward Gray.
Forty-third Infantry. --- Co. C: G. George Barnum, William W. Myers, Charles A. Miller.
Forty-seventh Infantry. --- Co. E: Charles Miller. Co. G: Loyd Kelley, Sergt., Robert B. Austin, Isaac E. Crow, Benjamin G. Moon.
Forty-ninth Infantry. --- Co. F: William Brickner.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. B: George Clark. Co. I: Hiram Wood.
Twelfth Infantry. --- Co. K: Edwin Rogers, Leysen Blanchin, William G. Wayne, Samuel Wayne, Franklin Wilsay, Stephen S. Ferrell.
Twentieth Infantry. --- Co. C: John Fritz c, Richard Hoyle. Co. D: Robert Reynolds c, Joseph Rice b, Seth Reynolds. Co. I: John Quigley.
Twenty-first Infantry. --- Co. E: William Posey.
Thirty-third Infantry. --- Co. A: William Sanders. Co. B: Thomas W. Reynolds, Corpl., Alfred A. Rogers, James Shields c, Frederick Tipp, George Thompson. Co. G: George E. Harrington 1st Lieut., Martin Adams, William W. Bruce, Thomas Ward, Corpl. c, Edward F. Cheever, Albertus V. Cheever, Griffin Hurlburt c, Louis K. Pierce, Charles A. Steele, William Sanders, Jackson R. Wilson.
Forty-third Infantry. --- Co. C: Isaac Thorp.
Forty-seventh Infantry. --- Co. E: Daniel Rogers, Jonathan Rogers, Seth Reynolds. Co. G: Eli Emmons, Corpl., John A. McDaniel, Corpl., Josiah B. Bedient, Patrick Carlin, Francis M. Cheever, James Perrill, James C. Jones, Moses Lary, Hugh McDaniel, Charles B. Miller, John T. McDaniel, James McDaniel, Thomas McKnight, Daniel Q. R. Smith, Wilson Shockley, Benjamin Shockley, Chauncey H. Steele.
Forty-ninth Infantry. --- Co. F: Enos Jennings.
First Infantry. --- Benjamin F. White, surgeon.
Second Infantry. --- Co. B: Dane B. Peon.
Third Infantry. --- Co. B: Cyrus Fairfield, Silas Streeter. Co. C: Michael Burke, Moses Dunn. Co. F: Matthew Howk, Thomas C. Linton.
Fifth Infantry. --- Co. B: Danford A. Carpenter. Co. K: August Frang, Martin Zimpfer. Co. H: George H. St. Clair.
Sixth Infantry. --- Philip W. Plummer, Major a. John Davidson, Adjt., William Whaley, musician, Edward W. Plummer, Com. Sergt. Co. A: William Kilner, A. L. Pearson. Co. B: Terrence McCabe, (drafted). Co. C: A. L. Hooe, Capt., Thomas W. Plummer, Capt., E. A. Whaley, Capt., Philip W. Plummer, 1st Lieut., Loyd G. Harris, 1st Lieut., Orrin D. Chapman, 2d Lieut., Norman S. Bull, 2d Lieut., Charles H. Putney 1st Sergt., George Adams, 2d Sergt., c, Judson Hurd, 2d Sergt., John W. Findy c, Lemuel Bailey, Corpl., Simon W. Hubbard, Corpl., Edward A. Bottum, A. M. Young, William P. Armstrong a, Mathews Andrews, Jesse Adams, Amman Christian, Alexander Boyd a, Simpson M. Brewer, James G. Conklin, Richard Corcoran, John Drysdale c, Samuel R. W. Faulkner, Albert L. Fish c, Peter L. Gulberg, Willard Gilmore, Daniel D. Havens, Ezra P. Hewett b, John H. Hall, Lemuel P. Harvey, Henry Miller, Henry E. Pettit, George Russell, Gotlieb Schiortzer, Joseph Vallainin, William H. Wollin, Daniel M. Wordman, Wyndort Wimple, William Winney, Alfred R. Withrow, Charles E. White, Robert White, Julius Weiman, George W. Wilson, Frank Young, Jacob Snider, Charles H. Clay, Adam Rau, Harvy B. Vangarder, Leeter B. Martin, Stanley Vanderwather c. Co. D: John Davidson, John Bewman, Edward W. Plummer, Francis Gray a. Co. G: Phillip W. Plummer, Capt., Joseph Brader c, Isidore Morean, Isaac W. Roberts.
Seventh Infantry. --- Co. F: Julius B. Nickuson.
Eighth Infantry. --- Co. F: James H. Greene, Capt., Byron Hewitt, Corpl., Samuel Tillotson, Corpl., James Patterson, Corpl., Charles Belrichard c. Edward C. Dwight, Stephen Dawson c, Thurlow W. Lacy, Justus Fish, Martin Myland c, Jacob Paul, Michael Pelland, Joseph Ruff, Ferdenand Ruba, Anton Shulka, Francis H. Wagner.
Ninth Infantry. --- Co. E: John A. Fingerly, Frederick Houk, Louis Heileck, Henry Hagene, Charles Witteman. Co. H: John A. Fingerly b. Co. K: John Mather, or Walber.
Tenth Infantry. --- Co. F: Moses F. Abernathy.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. G: Samuel Jenks. Co. H: Sebastian Morisis.
Twelfth Infantry. --- Co. G: Charles Branden, Hiram Chase, George S. Cooper, Hiram Gilmore, Frederick Gongoware, Patrick Keyes, George Long, James Swart, Theodore Woods.
Thirteenth Infantry. --- Co. B: Thomas Cashman.
Fifteenth Infantry. --- Co. F: Edward Larraviere, Corpl., Duff. G. Brunson, Corpl., Ambrose Brunette, Arretus Butler, John Connelly (No. 3), Thos. Cushman, Edward Delancy, Felix Decaire, Oliver Denoe a, Erick Hazelins c, Paul Osberg c, Richard Richardson, Victor William. Co. I: John C. Williams a, Frank Keiser, Chas. Schlenter.
Eighteenth Infantry. --- Joshua J. Whitney, Asst. Surgeon. Co. A: W. P. Tinkham. Co. K: Chas. N. Hitchcock.
Nineteenth Infantry. --- Co. A: Wm. A. Gale. Co. G: Wm. Gale. Co. K: Henry K. Sherman.
Twentieth Infantry. --- Co. A: Everington Van Warmer. Co. I: Henry Brandes.
Twenty-first Infantry. --- Co. A: John Dale, Casper Buehl, Simon Cull, Charles Verley. Co. G: John B. Cardy. Co. H: James F. Kast, Owen Kenedy, John W. Rue, Peter Richards.
Twenty-fifth Infantry. --- Co. A: Cyrus C. Bennett.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Field and Staff: Isaac E. Messmore, colonel, Rufus King, quarter-master, William F. Benson, quarter-master, Darius Mason, Surgeon, Alfred Brunson, chaplain, Aaron Denio, 1st quarter-master sergt., Edward S. Eddy, hospital steward. Co. A: Henry A. Chase, Capt., George F. Lewis, 1st Lieut., William S. Rainier, Sergt., Thomas H. Livermore, Corpl., Albert T. Lewis, Corpl., James Allen, Jedariah Cole, Spencer E. Farnam, David S. Hill, Samuel S. Hewitt, George R. Hill c, Isaac Johnson, John C. Kellogg, William S. Martin, Alexander Newman, ___ Pugmire, Joseph Prew, George W. Russell, Andrew W. Shepard, William Shipley, Samuel Tinker, Hartwell H. Wilkerson, Robert Wilson, Frederick Watts, Gottlob J. Zech. Co. D: Ormsby B. Thomas, Capt. Nathaniel C. Denis, Capt., Charles W. Lockwood, 1st Lieut., David Van Wert Jr., 2d lieut., John C. Seybold, Sergt., Raphael Boisvert, Sergt., Theophilus G. Brunson, Sergt., Aaron Denio Jr., Sergt., Levi Grandy, Corpl., John Valentine, Corpl., John K. Wolfe, corpl. Thomas Tokes, Corpl., John P. Mathew, Corpl. c, Orlando W. Berge, Austin Birge, Edwin N. Baron, John Betz, John T. Baker, Edwin P. Curtiss, Patrick Finley, Zachariah F. Furgeson, Joseph Gale or Yale, John Grace, Henry Hardrich, John Maginiss, William Maxwell, John McCluskey, James McCluskey, Hugh Mines, George W. Oswald, Jeremiah Phelps, Richard D. Phelps, Cornelius Russell, Patrick Ryan, Martin D. Smith, David St. Germain, George W. Smith, William Ward, Joseph Villemain, Peter Ward. Co. H: Byron Hewitt, Capt. Co. I: Daniel Boiswert, John R. B. A. Boiswert, Louis Chewert. Co. K: Edwin A. Bottum, Capt., Theophilus G. Brunson, 2d lieut., William A. Bottum, 1st sergt., John A. McClure Corpl. c, Edwin N. Baron, Richard D. Bull, Thomas Cashman, Eugene Durand, Francis Gaulthier, Baker Knowlton, August Kessler, Peter La Pointe, Samuel H. Merrill, George Pease, James L. Sappington, Otis Stafford, Cyrus Sharp.
Thirty-third Infantry. --- Co. A: Ebenezer C. Miller.
Thirty-sixth Infantry. --- Co. H: Samuel Oleson c.
Thirty-seventh Infantry. --- Co. G: Miles Smith. Co. I: Lester L. Cowdry.
Fortieth Infantry. --- Co. E: Edward F. O'Neill, corporal.
Forty-second Infantry. --- Co. D: Battiece Wauban.
Forty-third Infantry. --- Charles H. Williams, S. M. Co. A: William Partridge, Lieut., James H. McHenry, Sergt., Theophilus G. Brunson, Sergt., Patrick F. Hauley, Sergt., Charles H. Williams, Corpl., John Doyle, Augustus O'Neill, Baptiste L. Roque, Corpl., Nathan C. Skelton, Jerred Atwood, Eugene A. Brisbois, Cicero C. Chase, William Chase, John J. Conkling c, Henry Delaney, Samuel Dwachet, Michael Featherstone, William Garry, Albert Gauthier, Michael Higgins, Dennis Hayes, Ambrose Lovyer, Andrew Norris, William H. Pierce, Eli Richards, Orlean Stram, Daniel Derry. Co. C: John T. Zeitz, Sergt., Albert Erdenberger, Carl Erdenberger. Co. H: Elijah L. Lyon, 1st Lieut., John Coughlin, Timothy Donehue, William B. Lacy, John C. Montgomery, Jene S. Smith.
Forty-fifth Infantry. --- Co. C: Daniel R. Lawrence, sergt., Albert Green, corpl.
Forty-eighth Infantry. --- Co. E: Edwin A. Bottum, Capt., Theophilus Darnes, Sergt., Edwin W. Barnes, Sergt., Samuel Batcheldor, Sergt., Henry Hull, Sergt., John Wagwigan, Sergt., Frank L. Hodges, Corpl., Hiram Batcheldor, Corpl., Joseph H. Clark, Corpl., Joshua A. Bradley, Corpl., Philip Wisenberger, Corpl., Charles L. Allen, Hamilton Burges, Ezra Boyle, John Covell, Michael Delury, Michael Donley, Moses Duguette, John Elder, Paul Fernelle, Lucius R. Fitch, John Green, Michael Godfrey, Charles Honge, David Hickok, Patrick Kelly, John L. Lyon, Joseph Laroque, Peter Lesor, Patrick McArdle, Thomas E. Wagwigan, Alexander McClaferty, Charles Oazvis, Edward Portwine, William L. Russell, Charles Reihin, John F. Root, Tildon T. Root, Addison L. Root, Daniel H. Root, Joseph Shefield, Abner Shrake, Adam Shrake, Henry H. Thomas, Jabus Tasker, Charles Wattles, John F. Willoughby, Thomas W. Alsif, George W. Beals, Joseph Riah. Co. K: Christian H. Miller.
Fifty-second Infantry. --- Co. C: Vino Wales.
First Cavalry. --- Co. C: William T. Shawl, William Shillers, John W. Warley, William Worley c, John Werley. Co. F: Henry Brag c, Daniel T. Brown, Jonas Fuller c. Co. I: William Lots, Frederick Schiller.
Second Cavalry. --- Co. C: Chancey Blaucher, 1st lieut., Joseph Barrette, Franklin Bacon, George T. Doyle, John E. Hall, Enoch Haney, Samuel A. Young, John T. Hewitt, Benjamin F. Howland.
Third Cavalry. --- Co. D: Alfred Berkley, 1st Lieut.
Light Artillery. --- 8th Battery: Thomas L. Redlow. Thirteenth Battery: Chauncey Tibbetts.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. I: Oscar Dilley, Elijah T. Davis.
Twelfth Infantry. --- Co. K: Ira T. Dilley.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. D: William H. Sloan.
Thirty-sixth Infantry. --- Co. H: Jacob Graver.
Forty-seventh Infantry. --- Co. G: James B. Newcomb, Sergt., William W. Tate, Sergt., Geo. W. Bedient, Corpl., Robert Duncan, Corpl., Charles F. Coulbourn, Corpl., Robert Eyers, William Flanagan, Tompkins Green, Allen D. Greenfield, George E. Harrington, Seymour C. Hurlburt, Lentler Herlocker, Daniel Q. R. Smith, Samuel Wood c.
Forty-ninth Infantry. --- Co. F: Charles H. Lawrence, Alphonso Slade, James Turk.
Fifth Infantry. --- Co. G: Morris E. Brown.
Sixth Infantry. --- Co. C: George Fairfield, Richard A. Marston a, Alfred T. Onderkirk, Walter G. Pease, William H. Pease, Morton Prothero, George Copsay, George Green c, Peter George, Alvin Bundy, William B. Cockerill.
Eighth Infantry. --- Co. F: Willard D. Chapman, Sergt. a, Charles H. Green, Corpl. c, Michael Maloney, Corpl., Henry E. Butterfield, James Hamilton, Chas. Munn c, John Peters a, George M. Robbins, John W. Smith, William H. Thompson, Darius Welch.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. A: Patrick Ewright, Dennis Ewright. Co. G: Benedict Ruchti, Henry Russell.
Twelfth Infantry. --- Co. K: James Clark, Corpl., George C. Bonny, James M. Beane, George Mellison, George D. Clark, 2d Lieut., William F. Slater.
Fifteenth Infantry. --- James Demmings, Hosp. Surgeon. Co. A: John Bray, Patrick Ryan, James P. Finley.
Eighteenth Infantry. --- Co. C: John H. Graham, 1st Lieut., William Nittle. Co. K: Thomas Finley, Sergt. c.
Nineteenth Infantry. --- Co. E: Clarence Wilke.
Twentieth Infantry. --- Co. A: Charles W. Clark.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. A: George Lyman, 2d Lieut., Harrison H. Whaley, 1st Sergt., John C. Inman, Sergt., Dealson Tichenor, Sergt., John Smethurst, Wells Briggs, Samuel W. Clark, Pizard Cook, Daniel Canfield, James Davidson, John Ewing, Newel H. Hopkins, Cyrus C. Knapps, Joseph Michael, Artimus McDonald, Archibald Montgomery, Owen E. Miller, Henry D. Shilto, Joseph Smethurst, Ira W. Thayer, Alfonso F. Tichenor, Ozral Watson. Co. D: Samuel Armstrong, James Boyles, Renel F. Haskins e, Artemus McDonald, Timothy Sullivan, William True. Co. H: Freeman R. Pease, Sergt. Co. K: William True, Corpl., James J. Gear, James Boyles, George Dean, Samuel N. Daggett, George H. Harrington, Cyrus C. Knapps, George W. Newton, Henry C. Rose, James N. Searle, Henry Vanderbilt, William Withey.
Thirty-third Infantry. --- Co. B: James J. Harris, John T. Nicholson. Co. G: Henry Russell.
Thirty-sixth Infantry. --- Co. H: Sinas E. Pease, Albert Wright d.
Thirty-eighth Infantry. --- Co. A: James McCormick.
Forty-third Infantry. --- Co. C: William H. Thompson, Corpl., Joseph B. Copper, Corpl., James Smithurst, Corpl. Co. H: Peter Casey, Zenas A. Canfield, Charles Ruebu, Thomas Ryan, Isaac Davis c.
Forty-fifth Infantry. --- Co. C: Charles Cayo, Samuel Countryman, William W. Harrington, David L. Heligass, William Huard, Daniel Kane, Joseph Mercer, George J. Millett, Jr., Charles Valley, Oscar Varo.
Forty-sixth Infantry. --- Co. C: Kanut Forgeson, Daniel George.
Forty-ninth Infantry. --- Co. F: Bowdeoine Crowd, Israel Lind, Hugh Porter.
Fifty-second Infantry. --- Co. C: George Braskin, William Dickson, John E. Rathbun, Elisha F. Randall.
Sixth Infantry. --- Co. C: Harvey B. Rittenhouse, Geo. R. Twining, Agrim Thompson, Nathaniel W. Wells, Nathaniel Lester, Patrick Lency, Benj. Lester.
Seventh Infantry. --- Co. B: G. Ingebrighton.
Eighth Infantry. --- Co. F: Geo. H. Sterling, Corpl., Freeman A. Wilder c, Aden Sherwood, Archibald Sears.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. I: Isaac R. Jenks.
Twelfth Infantry. --- Co. A: John H. McCulles. Co. K: John O'Connor, 2nd Sergt., Hover Hooverson, 1st Corpl., Lewis Olson, Corpl., Peter Peterson, Corpl., Caleb Maznard, John Olson, Ole Peterson, Torger Torgerson, Edmund Fisher, Ole T. Nash, Andrew Searight.
Fourteenth Infantry. --- Co. E: Geo. W. Green.
Fifteenth Infantry. --- Co. A: David George. Co. H: Hans C. Larmsen, Ole H. Rome, Thomas A. Sandvig. Co. I: Christopher Currier, Samuel C. Hyde, Samuel E. Sheilds, Sergt.
Eighteenth Infantry. --- Co. B: Patrick Quinn, Joseph H. Brightman.
Twenty-fifth Infantry. --- Co. A: Robert E. McCrellis, 1st Sergt., John H. McCrellis, Edward F. Huntington c.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Henry S. Twining, Hosp. Stew. Co. A: Edward Thompson, Sergt., Thomas W. Gay, Corpl., James Abbott, Stephen N. Brockway, James S. Dudley, Nicholas Grant, Henry C. Newcomb, Able C. Stelle, Orsamus B. Swift, Gardener Stearns, Jas. H. Stevens, Nelson A. Tolman, Aaron C. R. Vaughan, A. P. E. Vaughan. Co. D: Cushman Rogers, Corpl., Frank Stien, Marion Boyer, Henry N. Clink, Martin Hact, Edward R. James, Israel Johnson, Patrick Murphy, Geo. W. Phillips, Andrew Sherwood, Norman Sherwood a, David M. Twining, Henry S. Twining, Geo. W. Thackery, Barton D. Woodburn, Samuel R. Wolery. Co. K: Cornelius L. Allen, Edmund Packard, David Beard.
Thirty-third Infantry. --- Co. G: Jas. K. Vanamberg, Corpl. c.
Thirty-sixth Infantry. --- Co. H: Jonathan B. Coyur, Wm. Coe, Solomon Flick, John E. Howell c, Wm. H. Haynes, Marcus S. Lull c, David R. Mullikin, Thomas Moris a, Wm. McMammus, Thomas Oscar, Oliver I. Peck, Richard R. Parker c, Mathew Stunkard, Ole Severson, Peter Thompson, Everett Wordburn a.
Forty-third Infantry. --- Co. A: Edward P. Briggs, Sergt., Wm. Lewis, Jonas McCullick, Wm. H. Payne, Samuel M. Turk. Co. C: Emanuel George, Jas. Jackson, Samuel Nicholson, Wm. Nicholson, Frederick Nicholson.
Forty-fifth Infantry. --- Co. C: Denis Hagarty, Patrick Kelly.
Forty-sixth Infantry. --- Co. C: Ingebrit Peterson. Co. K: Battaso Oprecht.
Forty-ninth Infantry. --- Co. F: Jas. Allen.
First Cavalry. --- Co. B: Lynderman Wright. Co. G: Harvey E. Tooker, Corpl., Albert Tooker, Corpl. Co. E: John Emmerick c.
Third Infantry. --- Co. B: Chas. Cookerbaker.
Sixth Infantry. --- Co. C: Jacob Lemons, 1st. Sergt.
Eighth Infantry. --- Co. F: Bedford Bush, Sergt., John Clark c, Joseph H. Griffin c, Joseph Lemons, John Thomas c.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. A: Washington A. Vaughn.
Twentieth Infantry. --- Co. A: Reuben A. Brown, Geo. W. Dowse a, Jas. B. Mumford, Geo. W. Posey, Jas. B. Posey b, Moses H. Philmlee, Jacob W. Rue, Geo. W. Russell, John S. Seely, Milton H. Wayne.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. A: John Harold, Corpl., Samuel H. Griffin, Edward Hale, Andrew M. Hale. Co. D: Manley E. Mumford, 1st. Sergt., John Coghlan, Sergt., Reuben Cooley, Michael Dunn, John H. Furtney, Geo. O. Harrison, August Kesler, Samuel T. Whitehead, David Wright, Corpl. Co. H: Wm. L. Oswald, Corpl. Co. K: John Devowrak, Geo. O. Harrison, Philip Leocke, James McCann, Geo. W. Rasey.
Thirty-third Infantry. --- Co. B: Wm. H. Emery c.
Thirty-eighth Infantry. --- Co. F: Robert E. Lawrence.
Forty-third Infantry. --- Co. A: Ensign R. Tuttle, Kertland Tuttle. Co. H: Henry Phillip, Jasper Harris, Lewis W. Harvey, Geo. Rider, Joseph Volliner, Nelson Wright, Lewis Mickenhane c.
Forty-ninth Infantry. --- Co. F: A. Brown, John Polander. Co. H: Orlando Vaughan.
Second Cavalry. --- Co. C: John K. Hazel.
Third Cavalry. --- Co. I: Geo. L. Bowen.
Fifth Infantry. --- Co. A: Alfred H. Hubbard, H. A. Hubbard c.
Sixth Infantry. --- Co. C: John Shaw.
Eleventh Infantry. --- Co. G: Kingsley R. Boyd.
Twelfth Infantry. --- Co. A: Cyrus C. Bennett. Co. K: George H. Fuzzard, Corpl., Caleb Pinkham, Joseph Pinkham, Thomas Slater, John Fuzzard, Philip Davenport, Lemiteius J. Green, Beadford Guist, Hugh Dowling, Rohspier Mills, James Ewing c, Henry R. Mures b, Isaiah Wood c, Andrew Erickson c, Frank B. Cordler, John B. Lewis, George E. Montague, George W. Squire, William F. M. Kast, Henry C. Kast, Floyd Kelly, James W. Kast c.
Fifteenth Infantry. --- Co. I: William Single, John Whitaker.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. A: Edward Gray, Sergt., John C. Wood, Lieut., Philip Laike, Ole Johnson, Luke Lapointe c, Samuel H. Merrell, Baptiste Mareot, Edwin Parkard, George W. Newton, George Pease, Henry C. Rose, Otis Stafford, James S. Sapington, Joseph W. Searle, Cyrus S. Sharp, Zacheriah Wright. Co. D: John B. A. Boisvent, Deater N. Ames, Daniel Boisvent, Marcus T. C. Copper c, Lewis Chenvert, Michael Dumphy, William DeLaunay, Louis Godfrey, Frank Gautthier, John A. Looby, David Lemons c, Richard Pierce c, Henry W. Mumford, James Murphy, Dallas Wilder.
Forty-fourth Infantry. --- Co. H: Thomas J. Ellsworth.
Forty-seventh Infantry. --- Co. E: Alfred Bonney, Richard Hancock, Michael D. Dowling, Alonzo Ward. Co. G: James D. Haze, James M. Jobe.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. D: John Copass, Wesley Lenox. Co. K: Jonathan W. Adney.
Thirty-third Infantry. --- Co. B: John A. Clase, Corpl., George Cronk, Robert E. Glover, William Gaffny, Ciphas Pinkham, Cornelius Young, Hulbert Young. Co. G: C. E. Closson, Sergt., Squire Toney, Corpl., Francis Hynes, Corpl., Henry Payne.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. K: Allanson Graves, Sergt.
Thirty-third Infantry. --- Co. B: Lewis W. Graham, William Mindham. Co. G: Alexander Wilkin.
Forty-ninth Infantry. --- Co. F: Robert Ross.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. D: Jeremiah N. Kast. Co. K: Josiah Wilsey c.
Thirty-first Infantry. --- Co. D: Willard F. McMillin.
From the bombardment of Fort Sumter to the death of Abraham Lincoln, there were published in the Courier (and after the establishment of the Union, in that paper also) many items of interest relating to the war. These, of course, are, in their nature, transitory, but of importance as reflecting the feeling of the people at home and of the soldiers in the army. As they form an every day record of the hardships and trials of the times, and it is a pleasing pastime to recall these already nearly forgotton incidents, many of them are here preserved.
May 2, 1861. --- The present claimants having this fort [Crawford] in possession, and all the fort property, [in Prairie du Chien] have tendered it to the governor, for the use of the troops, and are desirous it should be the rendezvous for the 3d regiment. That the proposition will be readily accepted by Gov. Randall there can be but little doubt. As to the capacity for accommodation of troops there is no better garrison in the northwest. The repairs necessary are not material, and the volunteers could make the entire fort as comfortable in every quarter as any private residence in the land in five days. The rooms are all arranged with regard to the health and convenience of soldiers, in both fort and hospital. There is no pleasanter, or more healthy location in the world. The prairie also affords the best imaginable parade grounds, where 100,000 troops have room to perform all necessary movements. The price of living would very likely be cheaper here than in any other portion of the State.
Mr. William E. Parish, who recently awaited upon Gov. Randall at the request of the volunteers and obtained the commissions for their officers, was also authorized to offer the use of Fort Crawford to the State. He has done so, and taking into consideration our facilities in the way of telegraph, railway and steamer communication with all points of the country, the governor could not select a more convenient place for the location of a large number of troops than at Fort Crawford. In less than three days 100,000 men could be sent down the river from this point into the very heart of the southern States.
May 2. --- The company of Crawford county volunteers is now full, has been thoroughly organized, drilled for two weeks, and on the whole, are a fine appearing company of men. They are all alive with the right feeling, desirous of perfecting themselves in military tactics, and are making rapid progress in the acquirement of military knowledge. The officers and many of the men have had considerable experience in military matters. The officers elected are as follows:
Captain. --- Alexander S. Hooe.
Lieutenant. --- Philip Plummer.
Ensign. --- William Partridge.
1st. Sergt. --- L. G. Harris. 2d " G. W. Adams. 3d Sergt. --- Jud Hurd. 4th " J. W. Fonda. 1st Corpl. --- B. Bush. 2d " B. McGinty. 3d " J. N. Chestnur. 4th " M. C. Lewis.Privates. --- W. P. Armstrong, C. Ammon, M. Andrews, A. Boyd, E. A. Bottum, N. L. Bull, William Bailey, L. Bailey, H. L. Bottum, C. Blanchar, H. E. Butterfield, S. Barney, S. Bailey, I. Bull, I. W. Blake, O. D. Chapman, J. Clark, J. D. Conklin, W. R. Coleman, W. D. Chapman, J. Davidson, H. W. Drew, E. A. Dwight, J. E. Earl, J. H. Fonda, E. E. Forsyth, G. Fairchild, J. Fisk, S. R. W. Fuller, W. S. Green, J. Grace, R. E. Glover, L. Harvey, C. P. Hooper, S. S. Havens, J. Hall, E. P. Hewitt, G. Harrington, J. Ingmundson, H. Keyes, W. Kelley, O. Kavanaugh, P. Lock, M. C. Lewis, R. A. Lawrence, F. McMillen, A. Marston, H. H. Miller, N. Myland, A. Onderkirk, T. Oswald, W. Pease, W. Prothero, C. H. Putney, William Russell, C. R. Shirland, G. Schweizer, William Slater, G. H. Sterling, J. Shaw, K. Tuttle, D. Thompson, J. W. Thayer, A. Terrick, H. Veasy, D. Van Gorder, J. Villenmir, H. Vanderbilt, W. H. Wallen, M. Weber, V. M. Wideman, W. P. Winney, M. Wemple, J. P. Whitehouse.
The above is a correct list of the officers and privates of the Crawford county volunteers.
E. A. BOTTUM, Company Clerk.Capt. Hooe is the only son of major A. S. Hooe, who died in the United States service, and at one time the commandant at Fort Crawford. He is a patriotic and efficient officer; has a thorough knowledge of the duties of a soldier acquired at West Point. He is the most capable man in this part of the country to lead a company.
Lieut. Plummer was formerly of the Milwaukee Light Guards; has a fair knowledge of his duties, and is a thorough disciplinarian. The officers are certain to command the confidence and respect of their company and officers and men, all in all, are ready to give a good account of themselves as occasion may require.
May 2. --- For once in this century it is a matter of fact, and must be recorded, that the politicians are all dead! The distinction between parties, which has heretofore existed, is no more. The politician has turned into the patriot. If there are any in the north who have not become patriots, instead of democrats and republicans, then they are traitors. We know of none such in our city. With one heart and one voice men declare for their country.
May 23. --- Two weeks ago we stated in an article relating to the advantages of this military post, that the present claimants of Fort Crawford, had offered the entire property of fort and grounds, to the governor, and asserted that it could be made comfortable at a light expense.
Since writing the article, Judge J. P. Atwood, of Madison, has been commissioned by Gov. Randall, to examine the fort and estimate the expense needed for repairs and improvements, to fit it up in readiness for the 4th regiment.
Judge Atwood called on us, and gave the information that he had thoroughly inspected the whole work and would report his estimate of the expense needed at about $1,500. [This is less than it cost to fit up the cattle sheds on the State Fair Ground at Madison.]
Judge Atwood said that there is no doubt but Fort Crawford would be occupied by the 4th regiment.
Which ever regiment is quartered in the fort "Old Zack" built, may depend on having the best, healthiest, and pleasantest quarters, of any troops in the State.
The families now living in the fort will move out, and there will be ample room for a regiment of 1,000 men.
May 23. --- The undersigned "twelve qualified voters of said town" of Prairie du Chien, do request that a special town meeting be held in said town, for the purpose of voting a tax to raise money to pay the expenses of the volunteers, until called for by the governor of the State.
[Signed.]B. W. Brisbois, H. Wendenfield, Ira B. Brunson, Rufus King, O. P. Martin, B. E. Hutchinson, William E. Parish, Horace Beach, C. Amman, S. N. Lester, John Jackson, H. W. Savage, H. H. Hall, Lawrence Case, E. W. Pelton, George B. Kane, E. D. Bates.
May 30. --- The people of old Crawford county cannot be beat for patriotism and pluck. In every town are volunteer companies organizing, and everywhere the "flag of our country" is floating in the breeze. At Seneca, Mt. Sterling, De Soto, Batavia, Rolling Ground, the "Stars and Stripes" have been unfurled with becoming ceremonies, exceedingly creditable to the loyalty of the citizens of those several localities.
At Rolling Ground a glorious flag raising came off recently, amid patriotic singing, reading, addresses and cheering. J. R. Hurlbert, Esq., was chairman, and J. C. Bellville, secretary.
Mrs. G. Morgan read some appropriate verses dedicated to the American flag. E. C. Dunham sung the "Star Spangled Banner." Messrs. L. Ross, J. Teller and Stephen Wade addressed the assembled people. A committee of the following gentlemen: William P. McBurney, G. Morgan and S. Wade, were appointed to draft resolutions, and reported as follows:
WHEREAS, The government of the United States is in great danger from the assaults of traitors and misguided men, it is
Resolved, That whatever may have been our previous political predilections, we do now relinquish all former opinions and parties, and cleave to the great bulwark of safety, the constitution and the Union.
Resolved, That the prompt action of the administration, in calling for troops to suppress all disloyalty to the government, and to protect public property, meets our hearty approval.
Resolved, That "The Union MUST and SHALL be preserved."
Resolved, That a military company be immediately organized at Rolling Ground, and its services tendered to the President in suppressing treason.
June 13. --- The Home Guard, recently organized here, held a meeting at their armory, in Fort Crawford, last Saturday evening, and a full attendance was had. Some fifty-seven names were added to the list, and every man enrolled is a good reliable citizen, and a credit to the community. This is bound to be a tip-top company. The following are the officers elected:
Captain. --- Darius Mason.
1st Lieutenant. --- P. Sanders.
2d Lieutenant. --- P. Dorr.
Orderly Sergeant. --- B. Dunne.
2d Sergeant. --- N. C. Davis.
3d Sergeant. --- H. F. Batchelder.
4th Sergeant. --- H. A. Chase.
1st Corporal. --- G. B. Tillotson.
2d Corporal. --- N. C. Witting.
3d Corporal. --- J. B. Peon.
4th Corporal. --- T. S. Cherrier.
There is to be a special meeting of the officers at the office of the orderly this (Thursday) evening.
July 4. --- The Prairie du Chien company is the crack company of the 6th regiment of Wisconsin volunteers, and is receiving with its officers, the highest praise for its efficiency. Here is what a Madison paper says of it on its first arrival at camp:
"The first company of the 6th regiment --- the Prairie du Chien volunteers --- arrived in camp yesterday afternoon. This company has in it 105 men, rank and file, made up of the sturdy citizens of the counties of Crawford and Grant. They are a fine body of men, and have been as well drilled as is possible to drill men without arms. The commissioned officers of this company are: Capt.: Alexander S. Hooe, 1st Lieut.: Philip W. Plummer, and 2d Lieut.: Thomas W. Plummer. Capt. Hooe is an experienced officer, having been connected with military movements his whole life. His father was a United States officer and the captain himself was born in a fort, and nearly his whole life has been spent in a garrison. Understanding, fully his duties, and having had his company organized for some time, his men make a first-rate appearance. Three more companies of the 6th regiment are expected to day. Lieut. Col. Atwood was upon the ground giving dilligent attention to the preparation for the reception of the 6th regiment. Whatever he does, will be well done."
The success of the first company has prompted the raising of a second company here, "The Prairie du Chien Greys," and the latter now lack eleven men of its required complement. This latter company is regularly organized. Capt.: D. Mason, 1st Lieut.: B. Saunders, 2d Lieut.: P. Dorr. They will be uniformed and equipped within forty days, and will be ready when called on.
August 1. --- James H. Greene has been appointed with authority to raise a company of volunteers for the war. He will take the names of all able-bodied men who can be depended upon as ready to enlist as soon as the harvest is over. This county has already furnished one fine company, and a dozen others can be raised on emergency. Old Crawford will do her part nobly, in the contest for the preservation of the Union.
September 12. --- In behalf of the members of Crawford county volunteers, I return hearty thanks to the ladies of Prairie du Chien for their kindness in furnishing each member of the company with articles of so much use and comfort, as those I carry with me for the boys. On my return to Madison, we shall, each and every one of us, endeavor to merit the praise of our fellow-citizens at home, and by doing our duty, win the approval of those noble women who have cheerfully sent their husband and brothers to maintain the flag of our Union.
I. H. Greene, Captain.
October 3. --- Orderly Sergt. McClure of Capt. Greene's Crawford county volunteers, was in town the first of the week. He has already assumed the garb and manners of a soldier. From him we learn that the 8th Wisconsin regiment will soon leave for Washington.
October 23. --- We learn that S. S. Ferrell, of the town of Marietta, has volunteered for the war, in the new volunteer company now leaving this county. He is a true and brave man, and will prove an honor to the service, either in the ranks or as an officer.
December 26. --- The Soldiers' festival was a pleasant affair. Union Hall was well filled, and the citizens of Prairie du Chien donated liberally to a bountiful supper. The receipts in cash, over all expenses, besides an immense amount of food, reached nearly $100. The result speaks well for the patriotism of our citizens. It is very hard times for many; but there is no sacrifice that our citizens would not make, to aid and encourage the brave boys who have left us. The soldiers are provided with all the creature comforts really necessary by the government; but a few extras, such as a neat pair of mittens, woolen stockings, reading matter and letters would add greatly to their pleasure. We suppose the object of the festival was to furnish these things.
1862. --- February 20. --- We had supposed that almost every available man, who could possibly leave his family or business, had already enlisted to fill up the volunteer companies that had left here; but Lieut. Furlong has been recruiting here for Col. Doran's regiment, the 17th Wisconsin, with some success. Some dozen or more have already started for Madison.
August 14. --- The company of Lieut. Henry Chase is filled, and two more new companies in this county are in the course of enrollment. At a meeting of the citizens Monday evening, the most effective plans to secure the immediate enrollment of volunteers were discussed and adopted. The quota of men needed from Crawford county, under the two last calls (of 600,000 men) is about 270; of this number there is over 100 already enrolled. The meeting resolved on the immediate formation of two near companies, and they are already under good headway.
Mr. Joseph Evans, of Clayton, with a captains commission, will raise a host of the bravest and best men in the county. He can do it, if any person can.
Hon. O. B. Thomas, of Prairie du Chien, will undertake the raising of another company for Prairie du Chien and vicinity. All this can, will, and it must be done. The whole country is aroused to the great danger that threatens the American Nationality, and every man must lay aside for the time, every obstacle which keeps him from going to the rescue. A volunteer bounty fund of $25 for each man, will be raised and paid to volunteers or their families, before leaving. Let every man in the county come up nobly to the work. Forgive, forget, ignore every thing but your country! Let there be but one deep, united response, and that for the preservation of this American Union.
August 14. --- At brief notice, the people of Prairie du Chien assembled at Union Hall, Tuesday evening, crowding it to overflowing with their great numbers, near 1000 were present, men, women and children; all wild with enthusiasm. Rev. A. Brunson, presided over the meeting, Mr. John Lawler, addressed the multitude increasing the interest ten fold by his eloquence. Capt. O. B. Thomas made a telling appeal, and the response came up by platoons, in the shape of resolute volunteers. There was the most intense excitement throughout the meeting. The German brass band played patriotic airs; the men cheered; the women sung and cried by turns; and recruits kept marching up, taking the oath and pledging their service in defence of the union.
Donations were very liberally offered. Among the many subscription was $15 each for the first twenty men enlisting in Capt. Thomas' company, also $15 for the next ten men enlisting in the same company. These donations were made by John Lawler in behalf of the M. & P. du C., R. R. Co.; and by H. L. Dousman, respectively. There is to be a committee appointed immediately, who will wait upon every man in the county, and receive subscriptions to the volunteer fund. It is intended to pay all volunteers a bounty of $25.00 on enlisting. A meeting will be held to perfect this arrangement. Let no man refuse to give his means.
August 21. --- At the town of Seneca, on Tuesday last, there was a gathering of volunteers and their friends. It was by far, the most enthusiastic and successful of any meeting yet held. About 200 volunteers were present, and their families and friends came also to spend the day with them.
The speaker's stand was surrounded with an excited and earnest assemblage of the best citizens of the county. They were addressed by several eloquent speakers, of whom we had the good fortune to hear Capt. O. B. Thomas and Capt. Chase. They were the favorites with soldiers, for they are soldiers themselves. Their appeals elicited cheers, loud and long, and made sympathetic thrills pass through the persons of those present, whose hearts are with them in the good cause. Many a tear-dimmed eye could be seen when Capt. Thomas recounted the sacrifices some of the men had made when he showed the great danger threatening his country. He had thought that he had sacrificed as much as any man. He was about to leave a home, with an aged mother, dear sisters and all the promising prospects of rising manhood. He went cheerfully, "his mother told him to go," and he hoped he might never return alive until every traitor to his country was annihilated. Others present had given much to their country. One grey haired man had his sons, nephews, every living male relative, in the ranks. One son had fallen in a recent battle, and the old man was taking care of his son's widow. Yet, the old veteran begged to be allowed to enlist.
Cheer after cheer was given for the Union, the speaker, and for the men, as they walked up and put their names to the enlistment roll.
The air resounded with martial music, every demonstration of enthusiasm prevailed, and the meeting continued throughout the day without a thing to mar the glorious outpouring spirit of patriotism.
The citizens who had charge of the dinner, and the general arrangement for the comfort of all, did credit to the town of Seneca and themselves.
Such meetings are good at this time, and there should be at least one held in each town in the county.
August 28. --- The Union volunteers of the county of Crawford, who make up the companies of Capt. Chase and Capt. Thomas, stand at the head in answer to the President's last call. They have held their elections, organized, and commenced to do the duty of soldiers. The selections of officers were necessarily good, for among so many really earnest, true men there could not be a mistake. Most of the officers chosen in each of the companies we have been intimately acquainted with for years, and can join the men in feeling that their interests and welfare will be carefully looked to.
The following is a correct list of the officers elected, as furnished us:
Captain. --- O. B. Thomas, Prairie du Chien. 1st Lieut. --- N. C. Denio, " " " 2d " C. Amman, " " " Orderly Sergt. --- J. C. Bellville, Haney. 2d " David VanWert, Wauzeka. 3d " T. G. Brunson, P. du Chien. 4th " J. Gale, Prairie du Chien. 5th " A. Denio, " " " 1st Corpl. --- R. Boiswert, Prairie du Chien. 2d " Orando Birge " " " 3d " Jeremiah Kast, Bell Centre. 4th " John Coughlin, Wauzeka. 5th " R. Haskins, Haney. 6th " A. W. Haskins," 7th " John Grace, Prairie du Chien. 8th " Alanson Graves, Utica. Captain. --- Henry A. Chase, Prairie du Chien. 1st Lieut. --- Geo. F. Lewis, " " " 2d " E. A. Bottum, " " " Orderly Sergt. --- David Beard, Utica. 2d " George Lyman, Seneca. 3d " Edward Grey, Clayton. 4th " Milton Jacobs, Grant Co. 5th " Dealton Tichenor, Seneca. 1st Corpl. --- Harrison Whaley, Lynxville. 2d " J. C. Inman, Seneca. 3d " Owen Miller, " 4th " E. Thompson, Mt. Sterling. 5th " E. E. Forsythe, Prairie du Chien. 6th " John Smethurst, Seneca. 7th " T. Livermore, Prairie du Chien. 8th " Wm. Martin, " " "We shall, as soon as the companies are in camp, give the names of each man comprising them.
September 4. --- Among the many good men who have enlisted to go to the war from this county is our esteemed fellow citizen, Geo. E. Harrington of the town of Scott. He has been elected 1st lieutenant of the last new company mustered at Boscobel, and has with him upwards of forty of "old Crawford County's best sons." George E. Harrington will prove a good soldier and a worthy officer. Having always been strictly temperate, and bearing an untarnished reputation, and a good moral character, with a fair share of patriotism, he will prove perfectly trustworthy, be it in facing the enemy or in any other position in which he may be placed. We know that he enters the army from a sense of duty and will perform faithfully the duties devolving upon him as a soldier. May the God of battles be with him on the battle field. But if he falls it will be in the thickest of the fight with his face towards the enemy, fighting for liberty and the Union.
September 25. --- The "Old Barracks" begin to assume a soldier-like appearance once again. Several companies of as good men as the war has called forth are now quartered in the fort. The commissary department is being arranged; many of the army stores are received and the sutler's store is opened. Blankets have been distributed among the men who will soon have their rations furnished them and do all their own cooking. It is not yet decided how long the regiment will remain or where it is to go.
September 25. --- Co. C. Sixth regiment. From a private letter received in town from Capt. Hooe, of the above named company, we learn that the following men, in addition to the list published week before last, were wounded in the battle of South Mountain, Sept. 14th and Sharpsburg, Sept. 17th:
Sergt. E. A. Whaley, Lynxville, leg.
Corpl. George Fairfield, Seneca, head.
Private Richard Corcoran, Sergt. J. N. Chesnut, (color bearer) Clayton, Iowa, wrist.
Private Ezra P. Hewitt, Prairie du Chien, thigh, Private William Nicholson, Cassville, leg.
The captain says: "This company has been in seven hard fought battles in less than twenty days, and now is reduced to less than eighteen men for duty, including officers."
October 9. --- We publish below a list of the men who composed the companies of Crawford county volunteers, now in Fort Crawford. They are a noble set of boys, many we have known and associated with for years. They are from among our best citizens; good, honest, worthy men; and their names are creditable to "Old Crawford:"
Captain. --- Henry A. Chase, Prairie du Chien. 1st Lieut. --- George F. Lewis, " " " 2d " J. C. Wood, " " " Orderly Sergt. --- George Lyman, Seneca. 2d " Harrison Whaley, Lynxville. 3d " Edward Gray, Clayton. 4th " Milton Jacobs, Grant Co. 5th " Dealton Tichenor, Seneca. 1st Corpl.---- Milo J. Strong, Lynxville. 2d " J. C. Inman, Seneca. 3d " E. Thompson, Mt. Sterling. 4th " Owen Miller, Seneca. 5th " William S. Reinier, P. du Chien. 6th " T. Livermore, Prairie du Chien. 7th " John Smithurst, Seneca. 8th " Robert Wisdom, Eastman. Musicians. --- L. E. Farnum, vacancy, (fifer.)Privates. --- James Abbott, James Allen, Wm. Ault, Wm. T. Bottum, Ishamer Burgess, Eugene Briggs, L. A. Bonney, David Beard, Wells Briggs, Wm. F. Benson, Richard D. Ball, Samuel F. Brown, S. F. Brockway, David Clark, Jedediah Cole, Samuel W. Clark, Pizarro Cook, John B. Coyle, Daniel Canfield, Jas. S. Dudley, Jas. Davidson, John Ervine, S. E. Farnum, Edward Glenn, Samuel H. Griffin, Nicholas Grant, Thos. W. Gay, David L. Hill, Edward Hall, Geo. B. Hill, Wm. Haley, John Harold, Andrew M. Hall, G. N. Hammond, N. H. Hopkins, Samuel L. Hewitt, Isaac Johnson, Leroy Jacobs, W. G. Johnson, John C. Kellogg, Cyrus C. Knapp, Luke La Pointe, A. T. Lewis, Phillip Lock, Joseph Michael, John McClaren, Samuel H. Merrill, A. Montgomery, W. L. Martin, A. T. Newman, H. C. Newcomb, Edmund Packard, George Pease, Joseph Prew, Joseph Pugmire, Henry C. Rose, Geo. Russell, Henry D. Shiltz, Joseph Smithurst, Daniel T. Sage, Jacob Shrake, Chas. Scorill, Cyrus S. Sharp, Wm. Shipley, O. B. Swift, Gardener Stearns, A. C. Stille, A. W. Sheppard, Joseph N. Searles, N. A. Tallman, Samuel Tucker, A. F. Tichenor, Ira W. Thayer, A. C. B. Vaughn, A. P. E. Vaughn, H. H. Wilkerson, Alfred Wallin, John D. Welch, Zachariah Wright, Robt. Wilson, Frederick Watts, Joseph Wallin, Ozial Watson, Gottlieb J. Zeek.
Captain. --- O. B. Thomas, Prairie du Chien. 1st Lieutenant. --- N. C. Denio, " " 2d " C. M. Lockwood," " Orderly Sergeant. --- J. C. Bellville, Haney. 2d " D. Van Weit, Wauzeka. 3d " T. G. Brunson, P. du Chien. 4th " J. Gale, Prairie du Chien. 5th " A. Denio, " " 1st Corporal. --- R. Borswert, " " 2nd " John Coughlin, Wauzeka. 3d " Henry Hardwick, P. du Chien. 4th " M. E. Mumford, Wauzeka. 5th " Louis Bartlett, Bell Centre. 6th " John C. Seybold, P. du Chien. 7th " James A. Porter, Seneca. 8th " Jeremiah N. Kast, Crow's Mill. Musicians. --- Martin D. Smith, Henry L. Twining.Privates. --- Jonathan Adney, Samuel Armstrong, Michael Bartley, Moses Barrett, Edwin M. Bacon, John S. Baker, John Betz, Austin Birge, Orlando W. Birge, Marvin Boyer, James Boyles, Frederick Brandis, Henry N. Clark, Reuben Cooley, Lyman Cook, David Coleman, John Coleman, Nathan Coleman, N. K. Coleman, John Copas, Edwin P. Curtiss, George Curley, George Dean, Michael Dunn, William H. Evans, Z. F. Ferguson, Patrick Finley, John H. Fortney, Alanson Graves, John Grace, Levi Grandy, A. W. Haskins, R. F. Haskins, G. O. Harrison, William Hicklin, Martin Host, Edwin R. James, Israel Johnson, August Kessler, Wesley Lenox, John Maginnis, William Maxwell, John P. Mathews, Joseph Mars, James McCluskey, John McCluskey, William F. McMillan, Anthony McQueen, James McCann, Arthur McDonald, Hugh Mines, Ira N. Miller, P. H. Moon, Patrick Murphy, George W. Oswald, George W. Phillips, Jeremiah Phelps, Richard D. Phelps, Cushman Rogers, Cornelius Russell, Patrick Ryan, Norman Sherwood, Andrew Sherwood, W. H. Sloan, Lewis B. Smith, Frank Sterne, David St. Germain, George W. Smith, Timothy Sullivan, George W. Thackery, Thomas Tokes, William Trew, James Tucker, Ephriam H. Turk, David M. Twining, John Valentine, Joseph Villemin, John Vowick, Peter Ward, William Ward, S. T. Whitehead, Josiah Wilsey, B. D. Woodburn, J. K. Wolfe, S. R. Woolery, David Wright.
October 16. --- Army correspondence. --- Editor Courier: --- I have only time to drop you a line. In the battle at Corinth, my company lost two men, killed --- Corpl. John W. Shell, of Vernon county, and John Peters, of Seneca. They were brave, good and true men. George M. Robbins, of Lynxville, was wounded severely in the arm, so that amputation has been necessary. W. H. Thompson, of Seneca, was missing after the regiment retired from the field; but I learn he is wounded and in hospital at Corinth. We are now forty miles south of Corinth, in pursuit of Price.
October 23. --- Company C. 6th Wisconsin. --- The following members of the above company were in the hospitals at Washington, on the 6th inst:
Sergt. J. W. Fonda, intermittant fever. Corpl. C. Babcock, dysentery. Corp'l. Wm. Hay, rheumatism. Corp'l. S. W. Hubbard, wounded leg. Henry E. Pettit, wounded. Frank Young, wounded. Wm. Kelly, vericose veins. M. McAdams, pneumonia. A. Ondirkirk, A. Boyd, wounded, below knee. H. L. Bottum, nurse. Henry Cardey, dysentery. E. W. Ellis, wounded, hip. R. Corcoran, wounded, shoulder. G. Fairfield, wounded, head. S. M. Brewer, convalescent. C. W. Akey, lumbago. Luke Parsons, debility. Jesse Adams, at King street hospital, Alexandria, Capt. A. S. Hooe, sick at private house in Georgetown.
November 6th. --- A letter dated at Corinth, Oct. 12th, contains the following pleasing extract. Speaking of the recent fight at Corinth, the writer says:
"The finest thing I ever saw, was a live American eagle, carried by the 8th Wisconsin, in the place of a flag. It would fly over the enemy, during the hottest fight, then would return and seat himself upon his pole, clap his pinions, shake his head, and then start off again. Many and hearty were the cheers that arose from our lines as the old eagle would sail around, first, to the right, then to the left, and always return to his post regardless of the storm of leaden hail, which was flying around him."
November 27. --- For several years past, the county of Crawford has been indebted, and the county scrip has been at a discount. Thanks to the careful management of our county officers, and particularly to the present county board, this order of things is now changed. The board at its last session, displayed the greatest industry, working from morning until late at night, carefully examining the affairs of the county. No board of supervisors ever labored more faithfully. Worth Miller, of Seneca, Lorenzo Barney, of Marietta, and Ralph Smith of Wauzeka, are the members of the county board and the citizens of the county have been very fortunate in selecting these gentlemen for the position. They are among our oldest inhabitants, they are well acquainted with the necessities of the county, and also well qualified to discharge the duties appertaining to the office. The interests of the people will not suffer so long as they are entrusted to such hands.
B. Dunne Esq., the clerk of the board, discharges his duties with aptness and dispatch. He is now about entering upon his third term. His repeated re-election is the best evidence of the appreciation of his excellent qualifications for the position.
The board has levied a volunteer aid tax of five mills on the dollar of all the taxable property in the county, which it is estimated, will be provision sufficient to prevent any suffering this winter, among such families of volunteers in the county, as are not otherwise well provided for. This fund is placed subject to the draft of the towns. This measure necessarily places county orders at a par, as they are receivable for taxes, and the holders will keep them for that purpose. The whole amount of county taxes levied this year, is $11,795.10, and all the county script now out-standing is one-half that amount. Thus it will be readily seen, that the orders of the county are better than the irredeemable currency now in circulation.
Jan. 22, 1863. --- In town. --- Capt. O. B. Thomas has been in town for a few days on business. He is looking well, and says a soldier's life agrees with him. He will rise to be a Brigadier at least, if allowed a chance to distinguish himself. We wish him well. The captain would like to hear from about a dozen good, hardy boys, who wish to enlist. Come boys, who of you will go with Capt. Thomas.
February 26. --- Capt. A. S. Hooe, of the first company of Union volunteers organized in Crawford, county for the 6th Wisconsin regiment has resigned, and returned home, by reason of illness. Capt. Hooe has been in the service about two years. We have it from the best authority that a majority of all the commissioned officers in the 6th regiment and other regiments in Virginia have, or are about to resign for one cause or another.
May 21. --- Returned home. --- Capt. Tom Plummer of the 6th Wisconsin regiment has returned home. He was wounded severely in one leg, and left hand, at the late battle near Fredicksburg. He was among the first of his regiment to cross the river. Capt. Plummer is recovering, and will be able to join his regiment. Capt. Plummer is a brave young officer and all our citizens may well feel proud of him.
June 11. --- Enrolling Officer. --- Mr. Menges, town assessor, has been appointed enrolling officer for Prairie du Chien. He is a prompt man, and the appointment is good.
July 2. --- The Enrollment. --- The enrollment for this town and county is completed. No difficulty whatever has been had by the enrolling agents. The people of old Crawford are true, law-abiding citizens, and intend to maintain their reputation in this respect, and as established by their acts in the past.
July 23. --- Lieut. Loyd G. Harris, of the 6th Wisconsin regiment was in town recently. He has returned. Lieut. Harris was the first to shoulder his musket and enter the ranks as high private. He was loved and respected by all. He left a good situation, and with feelings of real patriotism, he entered the army. His soldierly conduct has won for him the respect of his superior officers, and has been rewarded by promotion.
Like many of the young men who left with the first company enlisted in "old Crawford," Lieut. Harris has bravely fought and bled with the gallant sixth, in the "Iron Brigade," until the command is reduced to a mere handful of scarred veterans. He speaks well of several of our friends in the ranks, and as has every officer and soldier with whom we have spoken. He speaks in praise of Gen. George B. McClellan, and pledges his life and honor on "Little Mack." Lieut. Harris has the best wishes of our citizens.
December 17. --- Resigned. --- It is announced (not officially) that Surgeon D. Mason, and Capt. O. B. Thomas, both of the 31st Wisconsin regiment, have resigned, and will soon return home. Surgeon Mason is loved and valued by a host of friends here, who will be happy to welcome him home.
Capt. Thomas stands high in the profession of law, and he may re-enter his favorite pursuit in an office here, unless something unexpected should happen.
1864. --- March 25. --- William Dutcher, son of attorney Dutcher, of this city, a young veteran, of the "Iron Brigade," called here this week. It really does us good to grasp the hand of one of those noble veterans --- there is something about them that is cheering to all patriots. Mr. Dutcher enjoys an enviable reputation in the musket and artillery drills; and from what our military men say concerning him, we wonder that he is kept in the background, as new regiments are being formed. This young man is intelligent, active, and we mistake if he does not possess the qualities necessary for a first-class officer. Let his claims be properly presented in the place of civilians and the army would be the gainer and true merit would be rewarded.
April 1. --- We have the pleasure of announcing that company K, of the 12th regiment of Wisconsin veteran volunteers arrived here [in Prairie du Chien] last evening. They number about forty, and all have re-enlisted. Three cheers for company K. On behalf of our citizens, we welcome you brave defenders of our country to your homes once more. We feel proud of you for what you have done, and still more proud after all you have endured for our country, for what you still propose to do. Welcome, thrice welcome, to our town and our firesides once more.
May 20. --- Promoted. --- We are always glad to hear of the promotion of brave and worthy soldiers, but more especially of those of our own town. This is true of most of our citizens; and it is with pride that we notice the promotion of Rufus King, late quarter-master of the 31st Wisconsin, with rank of lieutenant, to commissary, with rank of captain. Our readers will also be pleased to learn that Quarter-master Sergt. William F. Benson, also of this place, [Prairie du Chien], has been promoted to lieutenant and quarter-master to fill the vacancy made by the promotion of Capt. King. All our citizens will feel a little town pride as they see their townsmen climbing. May both of these gentlemen honor their new positions as they have heretofore their old ones.
June 24. --- The 8th returned. --- Capt. Green's company of the 8th regiment arrived in town yesterday morning. Capt. Green did not accompany them; he has gone east to meet his family. He expects to be in Prairie du Chien in a day or two.
These noble veterans have re-enlisted and only remain at home a short time. Let our people give them such a welcome and make their stay so happy that they will feel they have homes and friends and a country worth fighting for. Three cheers for the glorious 8th.
The following is a list of those returned of company F.: Drum Maj. T. W. Lacy, Sergt. G. W. Kohins, Corpl. F. Wagner, Corpl. L. S. Tillotson, Privates A. Allen, B. Bush, J. Henry, A. Sears, A. G. Sherwood, G. W. Sterling, J. Keiff, A. Shelka, D. Shrake, Corpl. F. Thurston, Privates Samuel Burlock, M. Salender, William Stevenson.
July 1. --- Mr. C. B. Thomas, a veteran from Eastman, in the 36th Wisconsin regiment, is now home, wounded. He received a bullet through his hand in the battle of the Wilderness, disabling him at present. He talks encouragingly of the army.
July 15. --- Capt. William Hill, formerly editor of the Prairie du Chien Leader, has been in town for a day or two. He has been in the service over three years and is now mustered out.
Sept. 9. --- Dr. Eastman has again returned with his health much improved and is actively engaged in his practice again. Having for a long time been a successful practioner, his patrons will be glad to hear of his return. His partner, Dr. Conant, has been very successful this season. His experience in the siege of Vicksburg is of great value to him.
Oct. 28. --- It may not be generally known that we have a United States hospital located here. The Brisbois House is secured for this purpose. Capt. Cutler, a gallant Minnesotian, is stationed here as commander of the post, and quarter-master. He has opened an office in Dousman's block. Iowa papers speak highly of him and we believe his stay with us will be agreeable to the citizens.
The drafted men from this county started for Madison on Tuesday last. They were fine looking men and will give a good account of themselves on the tented field. Better men than may of them never volunteered or drew a sword. We hope the brave veterans will give them a brotherly welcome as they reach their camps. The sneaks mostly ran away, and several towns will have to be drafted from, again, to fill their quotas.
The ladies' festival was a great success. A large amount was taken in for sanitary purposes. The untiring efforts of Horace Beach; the assistance rendered and wares furnished by J. S. Newton and L. Case; and the help received of Messrs. Lester, Pierson and others, aided the ladies in accomplishing so much. The soldiers will appreciate these patriotic efforts; and now that a general United States hospital is located here, there is likely to be immediate need of all they can do for the soldier.
November 4. --- Horace Beach has taken a large contract to furnish the hospital buildings with stoves and other articles on short notice. Capt. Cutler is fitting up the entire Brisbois house and the barracks of Fort Crawford for hospital purposes. This general United States hospital will be open in a few days. Indeed, 150 invalids from the army are daily expected. Few men, in a common establishment, could fill such an order for hardware, but Mr. Beach is a prompt, fair dealer.
November 11. --- The United States hospital at this place [Prairie du Chien] is in operation. Over 150 soldiers from Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin, are now here under charge of Surgeon Kelly. It is due to this officer to state that by his energetic and patriotic efforts to alleviate the wants of those under his charge and his gentlemanly deportment to all, he is making many friends here. All who have friends here may be assured they will meet with every attention Capt. Cutler or he can give them. But do not forget the boys are in need of much, which cannot in a new hospital be obtained for them.
Now is the time for the aid societies of Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin to send in supplies. You will be sure that the supplies are not lost or stolen; so do not hesitate to send in, at once, loads of potatoes, firkins of butter, barrels of eggs, bushels of onions and other articles. And, ladies, they have no window curtains --- do not forget this, and slippers are much called for. We make mention of these things for we feel assured that the L. A. S. only have to be apprised of the wants and needs of the soldiers. The ladies of this place, God bless them, are doing all they can.
December 2. --- We are happy to state that Dr. Whitney, our townsman and surgeon of the 18th Wisconsin, is now at home with the regiment, spending a few days with his friends. The noble regiment has re-enlisted, and the Doctor is to return with them soon to the tented field. It will be remembered that the 18th regiment distinguished itself at Altoona and other hard fought battles and their friends will feel proud of the privilege of making these heroes happy during the short respite given them before they go to the tented field. All honor to the Doctor and the brave boys who again offer themselves to the country.
December 23. --- We were shown over the building [at the hospital] and found every thing systematically arranged, and as far as we could see in perfect harmony. The brave boys seemed to have the knowledge that we used the "quill" in their behalf, and were very anxious for us to know that they appreciated the best hospital and surgeon they had ever been in or had.
As we were invited to dine on the same fare that the soldiers had, more through curiosity, we admit we accepted the invitation and called it good. We made up our mind if it was this way the soldiers were starved, it had better be continued. We will mention the list we saw for the special diet of patients, which was prepared under the eye of the Doctor himself: Toast, boiled milk, boiled onions, poached eggs, warmed potatoes, baked apples, canned peaches, pickles and oysters. These delicacies are not furnished by the government, but by the people; and that they may continue to have these things, do not let a malicious rumor deter you from sending supplies. Dr. Kelly and lady are doing all they can for those under their care. Mrs. Kelly furnishes the sick with delicacies at her own labor and expense. How many other ladies do this?
More soldiers have arrived at the hospital. There are now nearly 300 there. All sorts of vegetables, preserves, etc., should be gathered in as fast as may be. Enough is here just now; but 300 men will soon consume a large quantity. Shirts, drawers, etc., are less needed here than at the front. The government furnishes these; but butter, milk, potatoes, fruits, dried and green, and all sorts of vegetables are to be supplied by the sanitary commission, and will be kept sacredly for time of need.
1865 --- January 6th. --- Our friend, Joseph Henry, of company F, 8th regiment, was one of the killed before Nashville. Mr. Henry served three years, and last fall re-enlisted as a veteran. He went out in 1861 with Capt. Greene; has fought bravely, and has now nobly given his life for his country. Let us remember and honor him. We received a letter from him a few days before the eventful battle, and he talked like a hero who deserved his country's thanks. Lieut. Greenman was wounded; also another man of the same company by the name of Greenman.
February 3. --- The Ladies' Club, gotten up for the purpose of relieving soldiers' families and for social amusement, has been quite successful this season. They have relieved a number and have funds in readiness to assist others. This is a noble object. People need amusements and recreation; and if they can turn these to good account, the object is doubly blessed. Any person knowing of soldiers' families who need assistance, will do well to inform us or the ladies, that assistance may be extended to them. We must and should care for, and keep from want or public charity, the families of the defenders of our country. Read the following:
"Prairie du Chien, Feb. 1, 1865."Editor Union: Wishing to correct an erroneous report existing, with regard to the funds of the Ladies' Club, allow us to state that the club was organized for the express purpose of relieving veterans' and soldiers' families. We have already relieved several, and will be greatly obliged by your transmitting us the names of any of these worthy of relief.
John Davidson, of this [Crawford] county, who went out a private in company C, 6th Wisconsin volunteers, in 1861, has been promoted to the 1st lieutenancy of company D, 6th Wisconsin regiment.
We are happy to learn that two very worthy veteran members of the "old 6th" --- Christian Ammon and Gottlief Schweizer --- have been promoted to the 2d lieutenancy; the former in company F, of the 48th regiment, the latter in the 45th regiment. These boys have richly earned their shoulder straps.
March 31. --- The Swift Hospital is recuperating all of its patients, a death being of so rare occurrence, that one of the surgeons thinks of hiring some one to die!
Through the liberality of Col. H. L. Dousman the Swift Hospital has been donated the use of about thirty acres of excellent land for gardening purposes. Aid societies will confer a great favor upon the soldiers by collecting seeds and forwarding in season for planting. What is mostly needed is garden beans, peas and sweet corn. They may be directed to Swift Hospital, care of H. Beach.
April 7. --- Lieuts. Ammon and Smith gave us a call while here on a short visit before joining their regiment, the 48th, which is now in Paoli, Kan. We hope when they call again the reign of peace will be over all the land. May they come soon.
April 14. --- When the glad news came trembling off the wires that Richmond was taken, it so electrified and enlivened the Nation that their joy seemed to know no bounds. Before these glad tidings subsided another signal rocket of success shot forth the surrender of Lee and his 25,000 remaining men. Our exultation now is unbounded and our cause is so just that it would be a sacrilege to be otherwise than exultant.
April 14. --- Gen. Grant through the heroic deeds of his officers and men, has caused Gen. Lee and his army to surrender. They were obliged to come to the terms offered by Grant. The signal lights of our success have so lit the moral and social heavens, that the horizon of the old world has been tinged with the glow, and they will soon have caught the inspiring theme. Victory to the Union forces!
They will have forgotten their dastardly conduct, their favoring eye to the would-be Confederacy, and extend a warm greeting to the powers that be. We will, when our home difficulties are adjusted, with all Quaker humility, call upon Maximilian and suggest that he had better get him hence, or harm may come unto him. No distant future will settle the emperor question on this continent.
April 24. --- Assassination of President Lincoln. --- On Saturday last, the whole community were horror-stricken by a dispatch that on Friday evening, President Lincoln was assassinated, and that an attempt was made to assassinate Secretary Seward. All stood aghast! The ordinary pursuits of life as if by one accord, were suspended; desire failed; the merchant was no longer anxious for gain; the mechanic dropped his implements of skill; the housewife ceased to ply her task; each looked upon the other with horror and astonishment; stalwart men turned pale, faint, sick at heart, and reeled like drunken men; others with compressed lips, clinched teeth, and livid countenances, seemed nerved for desperate deeds; and even little children, with earnest, anxious looks, enquired what had happened. None could scarcely realize the terrible calamity that had bereft a nation of its executive head; that the bullet of the fiendish assassin had slain him, around whom, and in whom the hopes and affections of the Nation centered.
April 24. --- Funeral solemnities, Wednesday, April 19th. --- At the meeting of citizens held at Union Hall, Tuesday evening, of which Horace Beach Esq., was president, and S. N. Lester was secretary, measures were adopted for the observance of the funeral obsequies of the late President Lincoln. A committee of arrangements, consisting of John Lawler, Capt. Cutler, John Thomas, A. Baldwin, T. L. Brower, and B. W. Brisbois, were appointed by the meeting, and reported the following officers for the occasion: President, H. L. Dousman; vice-presidents, B. W. Brisbois, T. A. Savage, H. Baldwin, J. N. Congor, J. Plummer; marshalls, Col. Thomas, Capt. Cutler. Pall bearers, John Lawler, Dr. Kelly, E. W. Pelton, J. Farnechon, T. L. Brower, H. Beach, C. M. Seely, B. Dunne. Chaplains, Rev. H. W. Carpenter, Rev. J. Gierlow, Rev. L. Gaulthier, Rev. F. W. Delap.
A committee consisting of William Dutcher, Hon. Ira Brunson, Dr. Huntington, R. Scott and J. S. Lockwood, were appointed to draft resolutions.
"WHEREAS, In the midst of our rejoicing, on the events of our victories with which Heaven has helped the efforts of our brave and patriotic army, and while the President of the United States was in the full discharge of his duty in the bosom of the Nation, he has been stricken down by the hand of a cowardly assassin,
"Resolved, That, in the death of Abraham Lincoln, a great and good man has untimely fallen, and the Nation plunged into the deepest gloom and sorrow,
"Resolved, That, while we mourn the loss of our noble and beloved President, we bow with humble submission to the dispensation of an All-Wise Providence, and are consoled by the conviction that, in his wise and judicious administration of our government, and in his firm and unswerving fidelity to its principles, he has won the respect and confidence of the Nation; and the Old World acknowledge him as their peer, and gaze with wonder on the glorious achievements of our brave and heroic army under him in the gigantic work of crushing out this treason and rebellion.
"Resolved, That our heart-felt sympathies are hereby tendered to the bereaved family of President Lincoln, and we commend them to the care of Him, who tempers the winds to the shorn lamb, for their future hope and consolation,
"Resolved, That, confiding to the fullest extent in the ability, patriotism and integrity of Andrew Johnson, upon whom the Presidential office now devolves, we, with all the loyal men of the country, will rally around him, and give his administration of the government, the same cordial and generous support which was accorded to that of his lamented predecessor."
Gen. Thomas Curley, was a resident of Missouri when the conflict commenced, and bore a gallant part in the Nation's struggle for supremacy, and is now a resident of Prairie du Chien. He was born in Tremane Co., Rascomman, Ireland, May 8, 1825; received a common school education, and is a farmer by occupation. He emigrated to the United States in 1851, settling in St. Louis, Mo. In 1867 he removed to Mt. Sterling, Crawford Co., Wis., thence to Haney town, and after the loss of his residence by fire in 1883, to Prairie du Chien. In 1860 he entered the military service as 1st lieutenant in the Southwest Battallion of Missouri. He had previously been an active member of several militia companies, and had served six months on the frontier of Missouri. In June, 1861, he enlisted in the volunteer service of the United States, and was commissioned major of the 7th Missouri Infantry. He was promoted in May, 1862, to lieutenant-colonel, and in July was called home to recruit, raising in a short time the 27th Missouri Infantry, of which he was made colonel, and at which time he was presented, by his friends, with a $1,000 sword. Gen. Curley participated in the seige and capture of Vicksburg, the capture of Jackson, the campaign of the 15th army corps from Vicksburg to Chattanooga, in the battles of Lookout Mountain, where he fought with Gen. Joe Hooker above the clouds, Mission Ridge, with Sherman in his march to the sea, Resaca, Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain, Jonesboro, Lovejoy Station, the capture of Savannah, Fort McAllister, the well known campaign before Atlanta, which lasted four months, with its great strategic movements and brilliant achievements, and in the campaign through South Carolina, capturing Charleston and Columbia. At the latter place he was instrumental in saving a Catholic church from the fire. He was also in the battle of Bentonville, capture of Raleigh and in many minor campaigns. He was commissioned brigadier-general, March 17, 1865, for meritorious services during the war. On his arrival home, in St. Louis, with his regiment, he was presented with a new stand of colors, with the names upon it of the sixteen battles in which his regiment had fought. Gen. Curley has never been an aspirant for political honors, but has held various local offices in the town in which he resided. Yielding to the solicitations of his political friends he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Assembly in 1878, but running again in 1882 on the same ticket, he was elected, and served in the session of 1883 with honor to himself and to the satisfaction of his constituents. He received 1,042 votes against 1,037 for T. L. Brower, republican, and 264 for S. L. Wannemaker, prohibitionist. He lost his valuable sword and the set of colors that he received at St. Louis at the burning of his residence. The charred and warped remains of the sword is all that is left him of those highly treasured trophies of the war.
The following shows name of pensioner, cause for which pensioned, and monthly rate allowed:
Purington, Lucretia. widow 1812 $8 00 Kast, Jeremiah N. injured left hand 8 00 Turk, Alexander H. wounded left knee 1 00 Thompson Jefferson H. wd. head. caus. epilepsy 4 00 Young, Cornelius R. pneu. res. bron and phths. 6 00 Lawrence, Nancy. widow 8 00 Fillmore, Peter. wounded right hand 7 00
Blunt, Sarah E. widow 8 00 Clifton, Thomas. ch. dia. and rheum 6 00 Adams, Charles. wound left side 6 00 Bean, Albertus C. wound left knee 6 00 Jacobs, Milton. chronic diarrhoea 6 00 Jacoby, Peter. wound left thigh 8 00
Brady, Frank. wound left leg 4 00 McClure, Samuel. chr. diar. catarrh, res bron 8 00 Harrington, Geo. H. chr. diar. res dis abd. vis. 4 00 Kussmaul, Rudolph, wound right arm 12 00 Fisher, Louisa. widow 8 00 Jones, Sarah. widow 8 00 Ostrander, Christiana. widow 8 00 Beach, Zenas. loss right eye imp vis left 6 00
Campbell, John. wound right forearm 12 00 Hutson, William J. chronic diarrhoea 4 00
Peterson, Peter. wound right arm 4 00
West, Alice. Mother 8 00 Churchill, George W. wd. l. shld., res dis lungs 18 00 Byers, Margaret. mother 8 00 Brickner, Wm. typ. pneu. res dis. h'd and chest 8 00
Fardy, Thomas. wd back 8 00
Corey, Warner J. wound right hand 4 00 Davis, Elisha. father 8 00 Pease, Linas E. wound right foot 4 00 Hobbs, Andrew J. wound right thigh 4 00
White, Charles. wound left thigh 4 00 Keyes, Richard W. fr. thigh bone, inj. right hd. 2 00 Hutchins, Lucy P. widow 10 00 Bellows, Darius R. survivor 1812 8 00 Thompson, Agrim. wound left leg 2 662/3 Thompson, Edwin. wound left hand 4 00 Spencer, Alfred. wound left arm 4 00 Abbey Rollin W. wd left hand 4 00 Harding, Theodore W. wound right arm 6 00 Newcomb, Henry C. dis. of ab. vis frm ch diar 4 00
Royce, Prudence. mother 8 00 Bottum, Edwin A. chronic rheumatism 10 00 Villemin, Jean. father 8 00 Fonda, John H. father 8 00 Vanvickle, Edson W. chronic diarrh 4 00 Hobbs, Frank T. wounded forearm 10 00 Hewitt, Byron. wound left side 4 00 Stafford, Otis. loss right arm 18 00 Hamilton, Louisa. widow 8 00 Boucher, Harriet. widow 10 00 Deneaux, Joseph. wound pelv. aff right hip and leg 14 00 Plummer, Mary E. mother 25 00 Specht, Louisa. widow 8 00 Henderson Joanna mother 8 00 Miller, Olivia D. mother 8 00 Mosgrove, Mary C. mother 8 00 Fairfield, George. wnd tp. head and above l. e. 6 00 Foster Geo. W. rhem. heart dis. wd. lf hand 8 00 Bull, Norman S. wound face res debility 31 25 Biedermann, Louis. wound right thigh 6 00 Bulda, Joseph. diseased heart 4 00 Fenley, Patrick inj right side, res abscess 12 00 Brunson, Alfred. chronic diarrahoea 20 00 McClure, John. injured right knee 8 00 Clark, Hugh. diseased eyes 18 00 Row, Adam. wound left shoulder 6 00 Bronson, Duff G. wound both thighs 5 00 Whaley Edward A. loss right leg 24 00 Zeeh, Joseph G. chronic diarrhoea 4 00
Prairie du Chien.
Finley, Timothy. father 8 00 Finley, Mary. mother 8 00 Nash, Ole T. wound left leg 4 00 Seveason, Ole. loss part index fin. and mid r. h. 4 00
Gay, Lot. chonic diar. and rheum 8 00 Deane, Phebe. widow 1812 8 00 Lewcey, Peter. wound right hand 6 00 Marston, Charlotte. mother 8 00 Porter, James A. wound left shoulder 8 00 Chapman, George. diseased lungs and neuralgia 6 00 Copsey, John, chron. rhem. Left hip and leg 6 00 Cragan, John. wound left hand 4 00 Sterling, Geo. H. inj. r. side r. hip., pt. In. loss fin. g s, w 6 00 Kenneson, Martin S. chron rheum 6 00 Casey, Peter. inj. spine invol kidneys 8 00 Wood, George W. wound right leg 6 00 Tichenor, Mary. widow 8 00 Lawler, Edward. diseased lung 6 00 Newton, George W. wound right thigh 4 00
Richardson, Eva A. widow 10 00 Briggs, Nathene A. widow 8 00 Hill, Eliza. widow 8 00 Smith, Jonathan. chron diarrhoea 18 00 Nicholson, Samuel. diseased lungs 4 00 Nelson, Peter. resec. head r. humerus 18 00 Murphy, Patrick. chr. diarr. and dis. of abd vis. 6 00 McCabe, Terrence. wound in back 14 00 Connelly, Rachel. mother 8 00 Baker Charles W. wound face 4 00 Johnson, Richard M. wd through right leg 6 00
Kast Henry C. C. injured knee 6 00
Thompson, Ann. mother 8 00 Mattock, Matthias. wound right leg 4 00 Rogers, John S. pt. parole. r. arm and shoulder 6 00 Parker, Ellen. mother 8 00 Flick, Marion, wound left hand 4 00
Johnson, Isaac. char. air. and ids. eyes 8 00 Miller Abgiail. mother 8 00 Barr, Samuel. father 8 00 Dwoark, John injury of abdomen 8 00 Phillip, Henry. chron rheumatism 6 00 Lawrence, Robert A. gun shot wound left arm 4 00 Cole, Truman W. injured spine 4 00
Turk, James W. injury to abdomen 8 00
When Pericles was called upon to deliver the oration over those who had fallen in the first campaign of the Peloponnesian war, he began by extolling Athens; and, having expatiated upon her glories, her institutions and her sciences, he concluded by exclaiming: "For such a republic, for such a Nation, the people whom we this day mourn fell and died." It is "for such a republic --- for such a Nation" as the United States of America, that the people of the north, by thousands, "fell and died" during the war for the Union; and, to those thousands, Crawford county contributed her share.
Crawford county's war record is of such a character that her people may ever refer to it with pride and satisfaction. One of the early counties in the State, as we have seen, to respond with volunteers in the hour of gravest peril, she never faltered during the entire struggle, weary and disheartening as it oft times was. Her old men were not wanting in counsel, nor her young or middle aged in true martial spirit. With a firm, unswerving faith in the righteousness of the Union cause, her citizens, with scarce a distinction in age or sex, were imbued with a determination to conquer or die rather than survive defeat. It was this kind of patriotism that bore the Union cause through defeat as well as victory, whenever the oft-repeated news was brought home of depleted and scattered ranks. Crawford county valor is attested upon every street of her hospitable villages; upon her broad sections of fertile land; and last, but not least, within the silent enclosures of her dead. It is here that with each recurring anniversary the graves of her heroes are moistened with the tears of sorrow, as loving fingers bedeck them with beautiful flowers.
Although there are in the preceding pages some facts which may remind the citizens of Crawford county of the deeds of those who fought the good fight until the end, yet without these records, those days of peril, of suffering, and of victory at last, would not be forgotten by the present generation; they are too deeply engraved in the hearts of all. Each of the citizen-soldiers from this county who stood loyally by the country's standard through the war, has wrought his name in characters that live as monuments to the memories of men.
Many gallant sons of Crawford, who went out from home to battle for the Union, with only the benediction of a mother's tears and prayers, came back to those mothers' arms with a glorious record. Many returned having left a limb in the swamps of Chickahominy; on the banks of the Rapidan; at Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, or in the Wilderness. Many still bear the marks of that strife which raged at Stone River, Iuka, Chickamauga, or on the heights of Lookout Mountain, whence they thundered down the defiance of the skies; or of that strife which was waged before Atlanta, Savannah and in the Carolianas.
But there were many who came not back. They fell by the wayside, in the prison, on the battlefield, or in the hospital. Their memory, however, is held in the most sacred keeping. Some sleep beside their ancestors in the village churchyard, where the violets on their graves speak not alone of womanly sweetness, but in tender accents of the devotion of those beneath the mounds of earth. All, all, whether buried in the distant South or at home, are remembered as they slumber on in a peaceful, glorified rest.
"Winds of Summer, Oh whisper low,
Over the graves where the violets grow.
Blossoming flowers and songs of bees,
Sweet ferns tossed in the summer's breeze,
Floating shadows and golden lights,
Dewy mornings and radiant nights,
All the bright and beautiful things
That gracious and bountiful summer brings,
Fairest and sweetest that earth can bestow,
Brighten the graves where the violets grow."
Many of the brave soldiers who battled for the Union --- many, very many --- have "gone before;" and they now wait upon the threshhold of Paradise for the coming of those loved ones left behind, when they, too, shall have exchanged the feeble pulses of a transitory existence for the ceaseless throbbing of eternal life. Faithful and fearless, on the march, in the strife, at victory or defeat, they at last laid down at the mysterious frontier, leaving the exalted hope behind that, though the world was lost forever, there would be unfurled another realm of unimaginable glory, where they and all whom they loved on earth, might realize the promise which the Great Ruler of the universe has made to the just.
If you have resources for Crawford County or would like to volunteer to help with look-ups, please e-mail Tim Stowell
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Crawford County History
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