The Kickapoo river forms the western boundary of the town until it reaches section 31 of town 8, range 4, where it enters the town of Wauzeka. The course of the Kickapoo makes sections 3, 8, 9, 10, 17, 18, 19 and 30, fractional, and the course of the Wisconsin river makes sections 13, 14, 22, 28 and 32, of town 8, range 3 west, on the southeastern border of the town, fractional. Also section 6, in town 7, of range 3 west, and section 1, in town 7, of range 4 west. The town, not unlike most of Crawford county, is very broken, having high ridges with narrow valleys between. In the east and southern part of the town, these valleys run toward the Wisconsin river, and those on the west toward the Kickapoo river.
At an early day the ridge lands were well timbered with white, red and black oak, hard and soft maple, basswood and some black walnut and butternut timber. The heads of the valleys were covered with a scrubby timber, with many wild plum and thornapple trees, while farther down in these valleys a heavy growth of good timber was found. The manufacture of lumber from these forests, furnished about the only means of employment among the early settlers.
The soil, is a heavy clay mixture, on the ridge land, while the valleys contain more loam. Both ridges and valleys produce good crops of small grain, grass and corn, together with the fruits and vegetables common to this latitude.
The main dividing ridge between the Wisconsin and Kickapoo rivers, is traversed by the leading thoroughfare of the town running front Wauzeka village. It gains the summit of the ridge on section 28, town 8, range 4, crosses section 28, 21, 22,14 and 13, then enters town 8 of range 3 west, crosses section 18 into 7, and passes northwest through section 12, in town 8, of range 4 west, and through section 1, between the town lines of the towns of Marietta and Haney. The State road between Boscobel and Viroqua runs from the Wisconsin river, on section 22, passing through sections 15, 9 and 4, to the town line of Scott into Richland creek, then follows up the valley.
Robert Boyd made the first settlement in the town of Marietta, in 1844, at what was later known as Boydstown.
William and Jonathan Wayne effected the next actual settlement; the former coming in 1846 and the latter in 1847. Jonathan settled on section 35, town 8, range 4. A few years later he, with Mike Woodard, platted Georgetown. He died in Illinois sometime after the close of the civil war.
George Lull came on the same year, 1846, and located on section 36 in town 8, of range 4 west, and remained till 1849.
During 1849 the next settlement was made. Among the number who came at this date were: Martin Seeley, who settled on section 2, town 7, range 4; George W. Harrison, who settled at Boydstown, where he died in 1859, and his wife in 1872. S. P. Kinny came the same year, remained at Boydstown till about 1858, but afterward removed to Minnesota. Among the settlers of 1850 were Lewis Wayne and Ed Rogers. Mr. Wayne settled on section 15, town 8, range 4, where he died in 1869. Mr. Rogers was a millwright by trade; he located on section 9, town 8, range 3. He died in 1858.
Guy S. Thompson, George W. Cup and O. E. Wise came in 1851. Thompson located on section 9, town 8, range 3 west. He was the first town treasurer, and held that office for five years, from 1855 to 1860. He came from Ohio to this county; he was a prominent man; he ran a tavern for a few years and finally removed to the town of Scott, where he died. Mr. Cup settled on the Jonathan Wayne farm, where he remained till his death, which occurred in 1880. Mr. Wise remained in the town till after the civil war, then moved to Colorado, where he died in 1880.
John T. Ferrel came the same year, 1851, and located on section 9, town 8, range 3, and remained a resident of the town till after the civil war. In 1884 he was living in New Mexico. He operated a ferry on the Wisconsin river at a point near where the Boscobel bridge now stands, for about two years, until he got into litigation with Mike Woodard, who ran another ferry line at that point; they "lawed" until Mr. Ferrel lost nearly all he had and then sold out in disgust, to Hiram Comstock, who ran the ferry till the completion of the bridge.
In 1852 Alonzo Ward came in and settled on section 13, town 8, range 4, where he still lived in 1884. But little, if any, increase was given to the settlement in 1853; but the year following quite a number came in, among whom were the following: Stephen Gardner, who located on section 20, town 8, range 4 west; James Posey, on section 10, town 8, range 4 west; S. S. Ferrel and his sons, John F. and James M., all of whom settled on sections 8 and 9, town 8, range 3 west. Samuel Wannemaker came in at the same time, and settled on section 2, town 8, range 3 west. He died in the Union army.
The following settled during 1855: Peter Campbell, on section 17, town 8, range 3 west; Chancey H. Steele, on section 2, town 8, range 3 west; Isaac C. Jones, on section 2, in town 8, range 3 west; John Cummings, on section 10, town 8, range 3 west; Thomas Ward, on the same section as Cummings; J. Cain, on the same section, also; L. Parce, on section 4, town 8, range 3 west; he died in the army ; Warren Cheaver, on section 11, town 8, range 3 west; Thomas Shields, on section 11, town 8, range 3 west; Charles E. Wannemaker, on section 2, town 8, range 3 west. The latter now (1884) lives in Colorado; John T. Farris settled in the town in 1856, on section 9, town 8, range 4 west, where (1884) he still resides.
From this date on, the settlement increased rapidly.
The first marriage within the town of Marietta was that of Robert Boyd and Eliza Wayne, in 1848.
The first death was Florence Wayne, in 1852.
The first election was held in the town of Marietta the first Tuesday of April, 1855. It was organized by electing O. E. Wise, chairman, and A. D. Allen, clerk. The following officers were elected:
S. P. Kinney, chairman, Ira L. Wayne and George W. Harrison, side board, E. Lull, clerk; Robert Boyd, treasurer; Jonathan Wayne, assessor; J. D. Jobe, school superintendent; S. P. Kinney, Thomas Reynolds, A. D. Allen and Alvin Woods, justices of the peace.
In 1866 that part of the town west of range 3, was set off into a town called Union, and their first election held April 2, 1867, at which time the following officers were elected: J. N. Wayne, chairman; J. W. Powell and Robert Jobe, side board; S. L. Daywitt, clerk; Stephen Gardner, assessor and treasurer; S. P. Kinney, Barnet Daywitt, James Posey and W. L. Wayne, justices of the peace.
In 1875 this territory was again set back, and the towns of Union and Marietta were consolidated under the old name.
Officers of 1883 were: James Patton chairman; H. J. Foust, and Florence Williams, side board; J. N. Calloway, clerk; Stephen Welch, treasurer; James Harris, assessor; S. S. Ferrel, J. H. McDonald and A. Titus, justices of the peace.
This town has nine full and three joint school districts.
District No. 1 has a frame house located on section 16, town 8, range 3 west, valued at $250. In 1884 this district had forty pupils.
District No. 2 is provided with a frame building on section 9, town 18, range 3 west, valued at $350. Number of pupils, fifty-three.
District No. 3 has a frame house on section 12, town 8, range 3 west., valued at $250. Number of pupils, forty.
District No. 4 has a frame house on section 29, town 8, range 3 west, valued at $300. Number of pupils, sixteen.
District No. 5, has a frame house located on section 21, town 8, range 4 west, valued at $400. Number of pupils, sixty-six.
District No. 6 has a frame house on section 10, town 8, range 4, west, valued at $400. Number of pupils, forty-five.
District No. 7 is provided with a frame building on section 26, town 8, range 4 west, valued at $150. Number of pupils, fifty.
District No. 8 has a frame house on section 12, town 8, range 4 west, valued at $400. Number of pupils thirty-one.
District No. 9 has a frame house on section 34, town 8, range 4 west, valued at $350. Number of pupils, thirty-five.
Joint district No. 1 is formed of parts of the towns of Marietta and Wauzeka; has a building in the latter named. Number of pupils in Marietta, thirteen.
Joint district No. 11, with Wauzeka, has its school house in Wauzeka.
Joint district No. 7, joint with the town of Scott, is provided with a house in the latter named. Number of scholars from Marietta, ten.
The first religious services held in the town were conducted at the house of William Wayne, in Boydstown, in 1850.
The first religious services in the northwest part of the town were held in 1856 at. the house of James Posey, by a Baptist minister named Wade. In August, 1857, a Church was formed consisting of thirty members, who afterward were under the charge of Elder Ross, and upon his removal to Minnesota, the society went down.
There are now (1884) but two religious societies within the town. The United Brethren Church, composed of two classes, led by leaders F. Smith, David Foust, William Kast, William Parrington and J. Thompson. Their pastor at this date was Rev. William A. Taylor, who was born in Grant county, in 1852, and ordained to preach in October, 1880. He had charge of ten appointments in 1884, five in the town of Marietta and five in the town of Haney.
A Methodist Episcopal class was organized in what was then the village of Marietta, in 1854. Rev. Tucker was among the earliest preachers; he was drowned in the Wisconsin river a few years later. The first text preached from in the town was remembered by Esquire Ferrel, thirty years afterward, as being, "I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ." Mr. Ferrel was chosen class leader at an early time, and is still (1884) doing his Christian duty in that line. This class is in the Madison district, Excelsior circuit.
The oldest burying ground in the town is the one located at Boydstown, on section 1, town 7, range 4 west. This was first used in 1852. An infant of James and Cynthia Wayne was the first to be buried in these grounds; she died Sept. 15, 1852.
What is known as "Wayne's Cemetery" is situated on section 14, town 8, range 3 west; this was established in 1852.
In 1861 a cemetery was laid out on section 3, town 8, range 3 west. Mrs. Daniel Shaw was the first adult buried at this place. She died March 17, 1863.
In 1862 another cemetery was provided on section 10, town 8, range 4 west. The first interment was Lydia, daughter of Stephen and Eliza Gardner, who died Oct. 13, 1862.
Another cemetery called "Wayne's Cemetery" is situated on section 25, town 8, range 4 west. This was first used in 1873. Walter, a son of James and Cynthia Wayne, was the first one buried at this place.
On section 17, town 8, range 3 west, there is another cemetery, which was established in 1862. In 1884 this was a platted ground and well cared for.
A few graves may be found on section 1, town 8, range 4 west.
The postoffice known as Marietta, on section 9, town 8, range 3 west, was first established in 1852, with O. E. Wise as the first postmaster. It was discontinued in 1863, and again established in 1866, when Lewis Kimball became postmaster; he was followed by J. M. Calloway, who still (1884) holds the office. The name of the office is Millet.
Stuben postoffice was established June 16, 1882, on section 9, town 8, range 4 west. Henry C. C. Kast was appointed the first postmaster.
Lewis Wayne and Joshua Woodard erected the first mill within the town in 1850. This was a water power saw-mill, located on section 15, town 8, range 3 west, on Richland creek. It was run by some of the Wayne family till 1861, when the father, Lewis Wayne, and his four sons all enlisted in the Union army, and the mill was never after operated.
O. E. Wise and Ed Rogers built the second mill in 1851. This was a saw mill run by water power, derived from Richland creek, at a point on section 9, town 8, range 3 west. In 1867 a flood washed this mill away. The site finally passed into the hands of J. M. and J. V. Calloway, who rebuilt it. It is now (1884) owned and operated by J. V. and M. H. Calloway.
In 1856 Charles and S. L. Wannemaker, C H. Steele, and Isaac C. Jones, built a steam saw-mill, which was operated till 1859, when fire destroyed it. It was re-built in 1861, by S. L. Wannemaker, on section 12, town 8, range 3 west; it was abandoned in 1868.
In 1857 S. P. Kinney built a steam saw-mill on Clear creek, on section 19, town 8, range 3 west, which be operated till 1864. It was finally moved from the town, and run elsewhere.
William H. Main built a saw-mill, run by water power furnished by Clear creek on section 30, town 8, range 3 west in 1869. Three years later, this mill was taken down stream by the flood, and it was never replaced.
In 1876 John A. Daggon built a thirty-horse power steam saw-mill, on section 32, town 8, range 4 west. This mill was a first class saw mill, cutting all kinds of hard wood lumber, railroad ties, etc.
In 1877 J. G. Allen and his son Albert, built a fine flouring mill on Richland creek, at a point on section 9, town 8, range 3 west. This mill was 36x24 feet, built of wood and provided with two run of stone. In 1882 it was burned, but with enterprise characteristic of Mr. Allen, the mill was re-built and again in operation inside of three months. With the re-building, much improvement was made in the machinery of the mill.
In 1882 James Juckian built a thirty-five horse power steam saw-mill on section 26, in town 8, range 4 west.
About 1876 Francis McSpadin built a stave mill, operated by steam power. It was located on the north bank of the Wisconsin river, near Boscobel. In 1884 it was owned and run by William McWilliams.
I was born in Shelby Co., Ky. My father was Ledston Redmon, who was a soldier in the War of 1812, and was in the battle of New Orleans. My mother's brother was also in that battle. My grandfather, George Redmon, also his father, were soldiers in the Revolutionary struggle, serving nearly through the whole war. I had four brothers in the Black Hawk war. In 1828,1 married Lewis Wayne, in Edgar Co., Ill. We built, and occupied the first house in Paris, the present county seat of that county. We moved to Green Co., Wis., in 1842, and in 1844 to Grant county, settling three miles below where Boscobel now stands. The widow Powell, our nearest neighbor, lived three miles up the river, on the present site of the Boscobel fair grounds. Jesse Howell, living five miles up the river, was our next neighbor. In 1850 we moved to the town of Marietta, Crawford county, settling on section 15, on Richland creek. My husband was a descendant of General Wayne, "Mad Anthony," of Revolutionary fame. Whether the Indians hated him on account of his name, or he hated them for the same reason, I do not know, but at any rate there always existed a bitter feud between them. When we lived in Green county, he met a party of about fifteen Indians one day. The foremost of them drew his bow and arrow on him, but my husband quickly covered him with a rifle, and the Indian then shot the arrow upwards. About 1854 a man named Smith, living at Fort Andrew, had two horses stolen by a band of Indians, one of them a blooded racing mare, and on account of her value, he was anxious to recover her. The Indians being equally anxious to get away with her, divided their forces; two braves, after muffling the mare's feet, mounted her and took a direct course for the Mississippi river, near the present site of Lynxville.
My husband volunteered to recover the mare, and he at once discovered the trick of the Indians. With a comrade he started in pursuit, and followed the faint trail until he left it and struck across the country, with a view of intercepting them. At this point his comrade weakened and turned back. Near where Lynxville now is on the bank of the river, my husband came in sight of the two Indians, mounted on the horse. One Indian escaped on the horse, badly wounded, but has probably long since rejoined his comrade in the "happy hunting ground." My husband returned, bearing as a trophy, the rifle of the Indian who did not escape. When I asked him if he was afraid, he said: "Yes, when it was all over, for I did not know how near the main party of Indians might be." The other wing of the pursuing party recovered the other horse, and the blooded mare was afterwards taken from the Indians. About a year after this, my husband was trailing a wounded buck near Clear Lake, on the Wisconsin bottoms, when he discovered an Indian following him. They both "treed," and my husband managed, by exposing part of his clothing, to draw the Indian's fire; then he showed himself and the Indian attempted to escape by running. He did not run far, however! A year or so later on the same ground, he met an Indian who drew his knife and made a rush for him; my husband was armed with a rifle but was willing to meet the red man on equal terms; so drawing his knife and dropping his gun, he awaited the attack. The Indian halted and offered to bury the tomahawk, if he would show him where the bones of the dead Indian were buried. This my husband was able and willing to do. Though the Indians were frequently seen skulking around, no actual attacks were made upon him after this occasion.
My husband built the first saw mill on Richland creek, in 1850, on our own land, and operated it until 1861, when he and the boys went into the army, and the mill was never started again. In November, 1860, on the day of the election of President Lincoln, my husband and two of our sons, Nathaniel and Frank, started with a barge load of potatoes, about 1,500 bushels, I think, which they floated down the Mississippi river, looking for a southern market. The barge was frozen in at Burlington, Iowa, and they were compelled to unload and bury their potatoes. They then went to Peoria, Ills., where they secured work in the coal mines during the winter months. In the spring, they returned to the barge and found that it had been badly broken up by the ice. Repairing it, and reloading their potatoes, they again embarked. They sold part of their cargo at different points. At Memphis, Tenn., they disposed of 600 bushels to rebel encampments. As the rebel sentiment was growing stronger, they were compelled to return north, leaving several hundred bushels of potatoes in the hands of commission merchants, from whom they received no returns.
Reaching home in the summer, my husband and our four sons enlisted in company K, 12th Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers. My sons were: Nathaniel, Samuel, William and Francis. I expect if they had ever reached Memphis they would have tried to get the pay for those potatoes. My sons all served the whole term of the war, and all came home alive. I came from a family always ready for war, married into another, and have reared still another!
The first white man that permanently settled in what is now the town of Marietta, was Robert Boyd, from Missouri. He erected a small log cabin on the banks of the Wisconsin river, twenty-five miles east of Prairie du Chien, in 1846. It was on a beautiful, sunny bank, sloping gradually to the bluff, half or three-quarters of a mile back from the river. Here he lived alone for one year, with only the red man and his dusky mate for companions. But in the year of 1847, his brother Kingsley came, and they lived together for one year. Mr. William Wayne moved his family across the river from the lead mines near Plattsville. He was welcomed by Mr. Boyd, who early the following spring married his daughter, Elizabeth. She still lives near the old place. George Wayne, a son of William Wayne, was the first white child born there. In the spring of 1848, the first steam boat, named the Wagner, landed there to purchase wood. Wayne and Boyd taking advantage of the times, and with a view of what might be, entered into partnership, considering it a good point for trade. A beautiful stream of spring water flowed down its valleys, and the prospect for mills and manufacturing looked brilliant. They had visions of a future city, and looked forward to the time when this valley would be a boom of life and prosperity. They gave it the name of Boydstown.
In the spring of 1849, several families moved in and permanently located. Among them were Morton Seeley and S. P. Kinney, They purchased land on this stream, and built a water power saw-mill, which looked very encouraging. This mill is located half a mile from Boydstown, on section 2, town 7, range 4 west. In the fall of this same year, Mr. Comelins Seeley came with his family and purchased some land, together with the mill property. He subsequently sold it to his son, D. F. Seeley, who still owns the property, but has done nothing with it for the last four years.
The first religious services that were held at Boydstown, were in the house of Cornelius Seeley, by itinerant preachers named Hill and Dana. This same year, Johnathan Wayne came with his family of grown up children. Some of them were married and settled in this place; also came George W. Harrison, who was the first justice of the peace.
The first court held in Boydstown was a case of petty larceny, which happened in this wise. The wife of the second itinerant preacher sent here, named McSchooler, claimed to have been robbed of jewelry, ribbons, lace, etc. Suspicion rested on a young girl, who was arrested and tried, but the lost property was not recovered. This same Mrs. McSchoolar was a very pretty, modest lady, and being brought into publicity, so favorably impressed the men and officers who had the naming of the new town then being created, that they gave it her name --- Marietta. This was in 1853.
In the year 1849, James Anderson built a small steamboat on the Ohio river, on which he moved his family down the Ohio, up the Mississippi and Wisconsin rivers, and landed at Boydstown. A few weeks after his arrival here, his wife died, being the first death and burial in the place.
The first school was supported by subscription, and taught by Mrs. S. P. Kinney, in 1849. She was recommended by I. D. Brunson, of Prairie du Chien. The first school district was organized in the fall of 1851, and embraced all the territory in Crawford county, lying east of the Kickapoo river. It contained three settlements --- Boydstown, Richland Creek and Cass, being about thirty miles in extent.
The first district school was taught by Ira Allen, of Indiana, who was also district clerk. He occupied three or four days in taking the district census. At this date, (1884) Viola Allen, grand-daughter of said Ira Allen, is teaching school on the same grounds her grandfather taught on thirty-eight years before, and is teaching the great grand-children of parents that sent to her grand-father.
But to resume the history of Boydstown: In 1852 C. Bermer, a German, came from New York, and opened a store in a building which he erected for that purpose. He also purchased a large share of the town plat.
Robert Boyd started a ferry-boat across the Wisconsin river soon after his arrival, which was maintained until the construction of the Boscobel bridge.
When the railroad was surveyed from Milwaukee to Prairie du Chien, Mr. Boyd supposed the line would run through Boydstown, and on the strength of this supposition the town was laid out in blocks and streets, and obtained a charter for a village. Several lots were sold and buildings erected. A respectable looking steamboat, Enterprise, Capt. Humbertson, made regular trips up the Wisconsin from different points on the Mississippi, and made Boydstown a regular weekly landing place. Among the carpenters there, were J. Barstow, brother of Ex-Gov. Barstow. He erected several buildings, among which was a large hotel. He afterward moved to Viroqua, where his wife was killed by a tornado.
But the place being left off the line of a railroad, rapid as had been its growth, the decline was still more marked. Mr. Boyd died in 1856, but lived to see his hopes vanish. William Wayne had died in 1851.
In 1856 almost the last vestige of the place had disappeared. The Bermer property was sold to Martin V. Foust, and by him to Jasper Wayne, who is improving and making a farm of the old site. Many buildings were removed, and some decayed on the grounds where they were built. One by one the inhabitants removed, until the last man, John Foust, moved away in 1883. Thus has passed from sight with its hopes and ambitions, the old land mark --- Boydstown.
I was a resident of Georgetown during part of its palmy days. I believe it was in 1852, that Jonathan Wayne and Mike Woodward bought eighty acres of land on section 14, town 8, range 3 west, within what was afterward the town of Marietta, and platted so much of it as could be made available between the bluffs and the Wisconsin river. They gave the name of the plat, "Village of Georgetown." In 1849, Lewis Wayne and Joshua Woodward built and operated a ferry at this point, which soon passed into the hands of "Mike" Woodward. I rented and run this ferry in 1855. The growth of Georgetown was in a business way, quite flattering. The first general store was opened in 1852 by L. Brown. About a year later, George Roberts opened up a stock of groceries and liquors. David McCord, also carried about the same sort of a stock. Another dealer whose name is forgotten, operated at the same time. It took a heap of whisky to run this town in its early days, under the "Marietta Code" --- the unwritten law. Our blacksmith was Samuel Wagner; our landlord was Alfred Rogers. In 1856 we had a boat yard. A Mr. Webster, from below came up here and built two large barges for the Mississippi river trade. Upon the completion of the Milwaukee & Prairie du Chien railroad and the location of Boscobel, a general stampede prevailed, causing the people to scatter in all directions, and the village, buildings, people and all disappeared as if by magic. "Lib" Brown lives in the town of Scott, George Roberts went into the Union army, and after the war moved to Kansas. "Mike" Woodward is also a resident of Kansas. McCord died Jan. 14, 1884, in Boscobel; Jonathan Wayne died in Illinois; Samuel Wayne removed to Illinois. The ferry was operated till 1862, and then moved to a point about half a mile above the Boscobel bridge, which was built in 1876 at a cost of $33,000. The village site and the original purchase of Wayne and Woodward, is now held by H. Comstock on a tax deed from Crawford county.
At an early day there was quite a collection of houses at what is now Millet postoffice, on section 9, in town 8, of range 3 west, at point about where Callaway's saw-mill now stands. This was called the village of Marietta, and was indeed, quite a trading point. In 1853 Alvin Woods and William Rogers put in a large stock of general merchandise, and operated on so large a scale that the pioneers say they "failed up bad."
In 1860 George Cannon engaged in trade, he also dealt extensively in the cash product of the times, ginseng root, for which he paid out large sums of money and disposed of many thousand dollar's worth of goods. He remained only three years, and was followed by Kimball & Stover in 1866. This firm, which was the last to do business at this point, removed in 1867.
Guy S. Thompson built a tavern here which is now (1884) used by Mr. Callaway as his residence. No trace of a village has been visible here for years.
William Wayne was born in Kentucky. In early life he settled in Cole Co., Ill., and about 1842 came to Grant Co., Wis. In 1845, with his family, consisting of himself, wife and eight children, he came to Boydstown, being, with the exception of Robert Boyd, who preceded him one year, the earliest settler of Marietta. His wife died in Marietta about 1860.
James N. Wayne, son of William Wayne, was born in Cole Co., Ill., in 1825; came to Marietta with his father in 1845. On Jan. 7, 1847, he married Cynthia, daughter of. Dr. Chester Pratt, of Fennimore, Grant Co., Wis. They have had nine children --- Jasper, born June 16, 1850; Florence, born Feb. 21, 1852 and died Sept. 15, 1852; James N., Jr., born Oct. 18, 1853 and died Feb. 21, 1855; Jane, born Jan. 15, 1856, wife of Rolla Harrison; William A., born April 1, 1859; Chester E., born Nov. 7, 1861; Walter, born May 24, 1864 and died March 21, 1869; Mary M., born Oct. 11, 1867, and Frank, born April 16, 1871. William A., the third son, lives with his mother on the old homestead on section 35, town 8, range 4 west. They own two farms, 240 acres in all, with valuable improvements.
Lewis Wayne was born in Madison Co., Ky., in 1808. He settled in Marietta in 1850, on Richland creek, then called Bear creek, on section 15, town 8, range 3 west, where he bought 360 acres of good land. His son-in-law, Joshua Woodward, came with him. They crossed the Wisconsin river at Georgetown and made a road most of the way to their location. He married Nancy Redmon in 1828. They have ten children --- Milton G., born 1829; Elizabeth E., born 1830; Nathaniel, born 1833; Samuel, born 1835; William, born 1838; Francis M., born 1841; Hester died in infancy, in 1842; Margaret, born 1846; Isabelle, born 1850; Nancy, born 1853. Hattie, born 1855; Mr. Wayne was a frontiersman, rugged and fearless. He was patriotic and a great hater of Indians (see reminiscence by his widow). He was blunt and outspoken. His death occurred March, 1869. He was buried with Masonic honors.
Nathaniel Wayne is the son of Lewis Wayne. He was born in 1833. He came to Boscobel, and with his father's family, to this town in 1850. The fortunes of his father he largely shared, serving in the army with him and three brothers in company K, 12th Wisconsin Volunteers, which service cost him dearly, having been an invalid ever since. He resides with his mother, Nancy Wayne, on the old homestead purchased by his father in 1850, on section 15, town 8, range 3 west. He was married in 1871 to Mrs. Sarah Madison. They have two children --- Joseph L., born June 10, 1872; James L., born June 16, 1874. Mr. Wayne was a good and faithful soldier, and for disability contracted in the army he receives a pension.
Stephen S. Ferrel was born at Botetourt Co., Va., in 1815. In 1820 his parents moved to Sangamon Co., Ill., settling on Lick creek, six miles south of Springfield, which was then a "squatter" village. His father, who was a Revolutionary soldier, died in 1823. He married, in 1840, Eliza Jane Todd, who was born in Kentucky, and a distant relative to President Lincoln's wife. When Lincoln was a young lawyer, Mr. Ferrel became well acquainted with him, which acquaintance continued until his removal from the State. He says of Lincoln: "He was the most honest lawyer I ever knew or heard of." When he came to Iowa Co., Wis., he bought land and settled near Dodgeville, but followed mining. In 1850 he moved to Marietta, settling on 160 acres in sections 8 and 9 in Richland creek valley. The entry he made with a land warrant granted to his mother on account of services rendered by his father in the Revolution. He enlisted September, 1861, in company K, 12th Wisconsin Volunteers. He was discharged in September, 1862, on account of hemorrhage of the lungs. He still lives on the old homestead. They have had six children --- John T., born 1841; William Henry, born 1843, died 1858 ; James, born 1845; Anna, born 1848; Virginia, born 1852; Edwin is dead. He has served as chairman of town board of Marietta, about twelve years, The first election after his residence in the town, he was made justice of the peace, which office he has held to this date (1884). Counting his Illinois service, he has been a magistrate nearly half a century. He has always been an active and useful citizen.
J. T. Ferrel, son of S. S. Ferrel, was born in Sangamon Co., Ill., 1841. He came to this town with his father in 1854, with whom he lived until 1861, when he enlisted in company K, 12th Wisconsin Volunteers. He served three years, then "veteranized," and served until the regiment was mustered out, July, 1865. He was always able to be in the ranks in all engagements of the regiment. The regiment was in the battles of Atlanta, July 20, 21, 22 and 28, following Sherman to the sea, up through the Carolinas, and in the line at the grand review of the grand army, at Washington, in June, 1865. Mr. Ferrel was a faithful, capable soldier, and for meritorious service in assisting in the laying of a bridge across the Savannah river, the night before the evacuation of the city, he was promoted from the ranks to a lieutenancy. In 1866 he married Martha S. Castley, of Marietta. They have eight children --- William, born 1866; Nellie, born, 1868; George, born 1870 ; Charles, born 1872; Walter, born 1874; Dolly, born 1878; Carrie, born 1881, and Frank, horn 1883. Mr. Ferrel lives and owns a farm in section 9, Richland creek valley. He has served on town boards of supervisors and as town clerk.
Jonathan Rogers lives on section 15, town 8, range 3 west, in Richland creek valley. He was born in 1840, in Milwaukee, Wis. He came to this county with his father, Edward Rogers, about 1850. Edward Rogers was a millwright, and the first one of his trade, who ever worked in Crawford county, he was formerly from Ohio. He came to Milwaukee about 1840, and in 1843 to Dodgeville, Iowa county, working near three years in the lead mines. About 1850 he came to Marietta; was the millwright employed by Lew Wayne & Woodward, in building the "Peonice Mill," of this country. In partnership with O. E. Wise he built the second mill, the site of which, is now owned by the Callaway boys. The settlement of Mr. Rogers was on the place now owned and occupied by J. M. Callaway. Mr. Rodgers, when he settled in Marietta, was a widower, with a. family of six children --- Adeline, wife of O. E. Wise; Caroline, wife of J. T. Ferrel; Edwin, Daniel, Jonathan and Charlotte. His last wife was Mrs. Chandler, formerly of Platteville, Wis. By this marriage Mr. Rogers had three children. Mr. Rogers died about 1858, and his widow and her three children moved to another part of the State. Mr. Rogers could use almost all kinds of tools, and work iron or wood; was a man by nature master of mechanical work; is also remembered as being active in public affairs in the new settlement. His son Jonathan Rogers married March 13, 1871, Eva Drake. They have four children --- Mary L., born Jan. 26, 1872 ;. Anna, born Aug. 18, 1874; Frank, born Oct. 8, 1879, and Charlotte M., born Oct. 30, 1883.
James M. Ferrel was the son of S. S. Ferrel. He was born in Sangamon Co., Ill., in 1845. He came with his father to Marietta in 1854, and lived with him until he enlisted in 1865, in the 47th regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers. He served nine months and was mustered out with the regiment, Sept. 20, 1865. He married Josephine Moore, of Iowa Co., Wis., whose parents were among the first settlers there; her mother, America Parish, being the first white woman in the county, and was there married to Col. Levi Moore. Mr. Ferrel had six children, five living --- Pearl S., born Aug. 1, 1869; Fern E., born Sept. 4, 1871; Ivy S., born Jan. 16, 1876; Lena C., born Jan. 11, 1878; and Lee J., born April 19, 1883. Jennie M. was born Jan. 29, 1882, died in that year. Mr. Ferrel owns and lives upon a farm on section 9.
Stephen Gardiner was born in Wabash Co., Ill., Oct. 30, 1827. When two years of age his father, Joseph Gardiner, moved to Richland Co., Ills., where he died in 1856. Stephen went to Jo Daviess county, in 1849, when Oct. 30, 1850, his 23d birthday, he married Elizabeth Ann Posey. In May, 1854, he came to Marietta, settling on section 10, town 8, range 4 west, where he lived until 1870, when, prefering to live on the ridge land, he bought a farm on section 20, and has since resided there, still owning the old farm in the valley of the Kickapoo. They have nine children --- William J., born Jan. 13, 1852, died in infancy; Nancy Jane, born Feb. 28, 1853; Jerusha, born Feb. 12, 1855; Harriet, born Nov. 26, 1856; Josephine, born May 11, 1859; Lydia, born May 16, 1861, died Oct. 13, 1862; Martha A., born Jan. 1, 1863; David, born Dec. 9, 1864; Jemina, born June 9, 1867. Mr. Gardiner has had many public trusts; one term chairman of town board, justice several terms, town treasurer five or six terms, and one term assessor.
James Posey settled with his family on section 10, in Kickapoo valley, town 8, range 4 west, town of Marietta, in May, 1854. He crossed the Wisconsin river at Georgetown, coming thence by way of Richland creek, from the waters of which they made their road to the Kickapoo valley. They were the first settlers of the northwest part of the township. Mr. Posey was instrumental in making roads, leading up the valley of Kickapoo river, and to Boydstown on Wisconsin river. He also, with S. Severson and John T. Farris, established a ferry on the Kickapoo, near where the Farris Bridge now stands; this bridge, with a little assistance from the town, was built by the neighborhood in 1858; it is on the main road from Seneca and vicinity to Wauzeka and Boscobel. Mr. Posey was born in 1817, near Savannah, Ga. While young his parents moved to Tennessee; in 1829, to Wayne Co., Ill., where he married, in 1835, Jerusha V. Farris. In 1845, they moved to Jo Daviess Co., Ill., and from there to Marietta. They have had nine children --- Elizabeth Ann, born 1836, wife of Stephen Gardiner; Nancy Jane, born 1838, died 1878; Louisa, born 1840, died 1877; George W., born 1843; James D., born 1846; Jerusha E., born 1848; Isaac F., born 1851; Edna Ann, born 1854; William S., born 1856, in the old town of Union. Mr. Posey was chairman of the board of supervisors most of the time from 1862 to 1875.
Chauncy H. Steele, lives on section 3 (Marietta), town 8, range 3 west, where he has a fine farm with valuable improvements. He was born in Oswego Co., N. Y., in 1827, coming to the territory of Wisconsin at the age of sixteen; stopping at Platteville, Grant county, he engaged in farming. The same year (1844) his parents followed him. In 1850, he went to California and followed mining and teaming for two years. He returned to Wisconsin in February, 1853, and married Rebecca E. Wannemaker. In September 1855, he came to Marietta, locating on section 2, town 8, range 3 west. He built a horse-power stave-mill; not proving a success, he built a larger, and put in an engine, and machinery for cutting all kinds of hard wood for general building purposes, running also a stave-cutter. He rafted and floated to market, down the river, the products of the mill. He had in partnership with him Charles and S. L. Wannemaker and I. C. Jones. This was the first steam mill ever built in the town of Marietta; it burned in 1859. In 1863 he moved to his present residence, where he owns 240 acres of land. They have five children --- Walter E., born 1854; Clarence H., born 1856; Rena S., born 1861; Nelson E., born 1863; Myrtie E., born 1875. Mr. Steele served a short term in the army, enlisting in company G. 47th Wisconsin Volunteers in January, 1865, was appointed commissary sergeant, was mustered out with the regiment in September, 1865. He has held many important public trusts; served as chairman of county board of supervisors two terms, as chairman of the town board, four terms; several terms as member of sideboard, and as assessor and treasurer. His father and mother lived with him during the last years of their lives. An obelisk in a beautiful cemetery, bears these inscriptions: Timothy Steele, died June 20, 1866, aged 83 years. Orpha J. Steele, died Nov. 9, 1865, aged 70 years.
Peter Campbell was born in Perthshire, Scotland, in 1819. He was married in 1846, to Isabel Stevenson. June 2, 1851, with his wife and two children, he embarked on a sail-boat, at Glasgow, for America, landing at New York, and continuing west, by the way of Buffalo, and the lakes, and Milwaukee to Lancaster, Grant Co., Wis., reaching there Aug. 2, 1851. He lived in that vicinity, following farming, until the spring of 1856, when he came to Marietta town, settling first on section 20. He lived there until 1868, when he built his present fine residence on section 17. Mr. Campbell owns lands on sections 17, 18, 20, 21 and 7, town 8, range 3 west, in all, 520 acres, having about 200 acres under cultivation. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell had nine children given them --- Peter, born 1847, died in October 1872; Thomas, born in 1849; Maggie, born in 1851; Will G., and James S., (twins) born in 1856; Robert, born in 1858; Albert, born in 1860, died in November 1872; Jennie born in 1862, and Wallace born in 1865. Mr. Campbell was the first settler, on what is know as Campbell ridge. He has served about twenty years as school treasurer in his district, one term as town treasurer, and three terms on side board of supervisors, and is a much respected citizen.
Samuel L. Wannemaker, was born in Trumbell Co., Ohio, 1822. He lived there until 1845, then came to Grant Co., Wis. He lived in the town of Liberty until 1850, owned a farm, but worked at his trade, carpenter and joiner. In 1850 he bought in Clifton a saw mill, with water power. He operated the same until 1857, living, meanwhile in Clifton, then taking into co-partnership, Peter Clayton, Wm. Howdle, William Oliver, and William Andrew. On the old mill site, they built a substantial flouring mill. This was called Annaton mill, and cost $15,000. The same year, Mr. Wannemaker sold out his interest and moved back to Liberty. In 1859, he went to Pike's Peak, Col., and followed mining until 1861, when he returned to Grant county, and in the fall of the same year, came to Marietta. He then built a steam saw mill on section 12, operating this mill two years. He then, in 1863, exchanged it for a farm in Grant county. Since that time, he has paid his attention to farming, and his trade, and has had his residence on section 12, town 8, range 3 west. He also owns three rented farms in Grant county. In 1852, he married at Wingville, Grant county, Maria J. Hill; they have five children --- Jenny Lind, born May 16, 1853; Edgar L. born Sept. 10, 1855; Samuel Lee, born May 4, 1858; Loren E. born Jan. 22, 1862; Ellen Kate, born Dec. 2, 1864. Mr. Wannemaker has always been a prominent citizen wherever he has resided, and has represented his county in the State Legislature, served five terms as chairman of the board of supervisor, served two years as town clerk, one year as treasurer, and one year as assessor. His father, Jonas Wannemaker, was born in Lehigh Co., Penn., 1795. At the age of fifteen, he moved to Trumbull Co., Ohio. In 1818 he married Esther Everett. He moved to Wisconsin, in 1847, and settled in Liberty, Grant county. He lived there until the summer of 1872, and moved to Marietta, living with Samuel until his death, which occurred Nov. 3, 1872. His wife lived until Jan. 21, 1875. They have been blessed with a family of twelve children, and all are living at this time (1884) --- Samuel L., Lydia, wife of I. C. Jones; Mary A., wife of Eli Emmens; Rebecca, wife of C. H. Steele, of Marietta; Sarah A., wife of E. A. Brown; Charles E., Jonas, Clarrissa, wife of Leonard Fry; Nelson, living in California; Susan, wife of Dr. Wm. Loy; Emma, wife of Robt. Dennis, of Grant county; Kate, wife of James B. Newcomb, of McLeod Co., Minn. His grandfather Wannemaker, and his great-grand-father were soldiers in the Revolutionary War, and were both in Gen. Wayne's (Mad Anthony) command, at Paoli, when the command was surprised in their sleep, and the larger portion, massacred. His grandfather was among the prisoners, and his great-grand-father was killed.
J. W. Daugherty was born in Adams Co., Ills., in 1837. While young, his parents removed to Fair Play, Grant Co., Wis., (1843); two years later to Dickeyville, and in 1856, to Fennimore. In 1865, the subject of this sketch came to Marietta, locating on section 14, town 8, range 4, living there five or six years; then removing to Ellenboro, Grant county, where he stayed one year, then returned and located on section 24, town 8, range 4, where he has since resided. Early in 1864, he enlisted in company E., 35th regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers. After thirteen months service, he was discharged, on account of injuries received while on duty. He was married at Fennimore, Wis., Jan. 31, 1858, to Jane Bailey, a native of Ohio. They have had nine children, six of whom are living --- Elmer E., John F., Hattie Bell, Huldah I., George C. and Rhoda E. Three are buried --- Oney, Sarah and James. Mr. Daugherty had two brothers in the army. John enlisted in the 2d Wisconsin Cavalry, in 1862, and died in hospital in 1864. Thomas was a member of the 25th regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers, and was killed at the battle of Resaca, Ga. His father lived his last years with him, and died Nov. 27, 1881.
William Harris was born in Perthshire, Scotland. The family came to America, landing at Quebec, in 1854. His father, William Harris, Sr., settled in Wellington with his wife and five children. In 1864 William Harris, Jr., with a married sister, whose husband had preceded them, came to Milwaukee, Wis. William went to Madison in railroad employ, and part of the year worked on the Wisconsin river. His father was killed by the falling of a tree in Canada in 1865. To assist his mother and family he returned to Canada, but his Wisconsin experience induced him to return, with all the family, in November of the same year; family consisting of his mother, his brothers Peter, James, George, John and himself and sister Isabella. They made home first on rented land in Wauzeka town in a neighborhood called Sundown, living there about two years. They then rented a farm of John Loaby in Eastman, and lived there until 1871. In 1872 William and James bought land on section 34, town 8, range 4 west, and brought their families here, being the first settlers on the range in that part of town. James now owns the first location; William owns and occupies the northwest quarter, section 34, town 8, range 4 west. Their mother is living with her son George on section 27, same town. All the family that came to Wisconsin are living and in this town. William Harris, Jr., married Jemina Hunter, of Eastman. They have five children --- William, born 1871; Robert, born 1873; John, born 1875; Margaret Jane, born 1877; and James Guy, born 1881. Mr. Harris is one of the substantial farmers of this town, and a man held in high esteem by his townspeople.
James Patten was born in Cayuga Co., N. Y., in 1835. At the age of nineteen years, his parents being dead, he as the eldest son, had charge of the family, which consisted of his step-mother, five brothers and two sisters. In 1854 he moved to Cherry Valley, Winnebago Co., Ill. There in 1860 he married Jane Coya. He enlisted in the 12th Illinois Cavalry early in 1862, serving nearly three years, he was in all engagements of the regiment. In June 1865, he came to Marietta, looking for a location; in September of the same year, he brought his family, consisting of a wife and three children. The following year (1866) he purchased, on the ridge west of Richland creek, 360 acres of land on section 7, where he has lived ever since. They have ten children --- Joseph, born 1860; Mary, born 1862; James E., born 1865; Samuel E., born 1866; Hattie, born 1868, and died in 1873; William, born 1870; Louisa, born 1872; John, born 1874, died in infancy; Georgiana, born 1876, and Lee, born 1878. Mr. Patten is serving his third term as chairman of the board of supervisors, has also served three terms as side member, has always been active in all matters promoting public good.
J. M. Callaway was born in Franklin Co., Va., Nov. 25, 1810. When twenty-one years of age, his father A. E. Callaway, with the family, wife and twelve children, six sons and six daughters, moved to southeastern Missouri. The subject of this sketch remained there until 1846, excepting about four year's absence, which was spent mostly in Vicksburg, Miss., though he made several journeys to Texas during that time, in its "Lone Star Republic" days. There he was repeatedly asked the usual question in those days, "What have you been doing in the States, that you have to come here?" Texas was then the place of refuge from justice. Mr. Callaway has been quite a traveler, has visited eighteen different States. In 1846 he came to Iowa Co., Wis., and there married, July 23, 1847, Margaret Daily. He lived there, near Highland, ten years (excepting three years spent in California, 1853, 1854 and 1855), engaged in farming, but more largely in mining. In 1856 he moved to Henrietta, Richland county, where he bought land and made a farm, and built a saw and grist mill in said town of Henrietta. He lived there also ten years. In 1866 he bought land on sections 8 and 9, on Richland creek, town of Marietta, making his residence on section 9, where he has lived to this date, (1884). They have nine living children, eight living with parents --- Joel D., born June 11, 1848; Millard H., born May 18, 1851; James V., born Aug. 31,.1853; Jennie born May 4, 1857; Ruth, born Oct. 31, 1858; Douglas, born Oct. 4, 1860; Frank, born Oct. 10, 1862; Dolly, born May 4, 1865, and May, born July 10, 1867. Two infant twin children were buried in 1849. Mr. Callaway is an active, public-spirited citizen, has been postmaster a Marietta postoffice, now called Millett, sixteen years, was register of deeds for Crawford county in the years 1871 and 1872; in 1870 enumerator of census for the county east of Kickapoo river; in 1880, for town of Marietta. He is now (1884) town clerk.
James Guickan is operating a steam saw mill located on section 26, town 8, range 4 west. Mr. Guickan has operated steam mills in Crawford county the past sixteen years. He commenced the business when a young man, losing a mill by fire in Union Co., Ohio, in 1866. He has suffered severely by fire and accident in this county. He first located in the town of Scott in 1868, and has operated mills in Scott, Clayton, Wauzeka and Marietta towns. In 1871, Mr. Guickan was taken out of the debris of a mill wrecked by boiler explosion, in the town of Scott, in a supposed dying condition, and for three years was nearly blind from the effect of this explosion. He was badly burned, and will carry to the grave scars received at that time. He was afterward connected with a very fine mill in Clayton town, which was destroyed by fire. Mr. Guickan is a man of great energy, and never gives up to adversity. He was born in County Letrim, Ireland, in 1847; came with his parents to America in 1855. His father settled in Preble Co., Ohio, where he still resides. When Mr. Guickan was not yet sixteen years of age, he enlisted, Oct. 16, 1862, in the 50th regiment Ohio Volunteers; not being of legal age, his father on writ of habeas corpus took him out of the regiment, but, finding that James would go in some way, consented to his enlistment as a drummer boy, in the 54th Ohio Volunteers. A few weeks found the drum exchanged for a musket, and for sixteen months he could always be found in the ranks. He was then discharged as an invalid, but later entered the employ of the Government at camp Hamilton, and remained until the camp was broken up in 1865. Mr. Guickan was married in Ohio, in 1865, to Mary Robinson. One child --- Charles E. was born to them in Ohio, Aug. 16, 1865. Mrs. Guickan, long an invalid, died July 5, 1877. On Feb. 24, 1878, Mr. Guickan married Martha, daughter of William O'Shaughnessy, of this town. By this marriage there were three children --- Martha Ellen, born Dec. 2, 1878; James William, born April 21, 1881; and Lillian, born July 5, 1883.
J. B. Kinder, a native of Perry Co., Ohio, was born in 1845, and in August 1861, enlisted in company D, 31st regiment, Ohio Volunteers, at the age of sixteen years, serving four years, lacking eight days. He was always able to do duty, and participated in all the battles in which the regiment was engaged; followed Sherman through Georgia to the sea, through the Carolinas, and was in the line at the grand review at the Nation's capital, in June, 1865. The war left him out of health, and after one year of sickness, for health and recreation, after selling his farm in Ohio, he came west, and in 1867 bought a farm in Wauzeka, and the same year married Frances Ward, of Marietta. The following year, he sold, and bought land on section 18, of Marietta, town 8, range 3 west, where be now resides, owning 220 acres. He has made valuable improvements, and has a fine orchard, etc. Mr. and Mrs. Kinder have had eight children, seven living --- Alonzo, born in 1868; Charles, born in 1870; Jerome B., born in 1872; Peter, born in 1874; Willie, born in 1876; Bertie, born in 1878; Lemuel, born in 1881, and Mary, born in 1883. One son, Willie, died in 1881.
J. G. Allen was born in Posey Co., Ind., in 1815. In 1838, he married Susannah Schnee, a native of Pennsylvania. In 1845, Mr. Allen came west, settling near Wingville, Grant county, where he made a good farm and lived twenty-six years. He afterwards moved to Boscobel, and lived there about six years. He then came to Marietta. He with his son, Albert A. Allen, built a flouring mill, on Richland creek, on section 9. Allen's mill is known far and wide, and has earned for its proprietors a good name. Mr. and Mrs. Allen have had seven children --- Robert S., born 1844, who enlisted in the 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, in 1863, and died in hospital in New York, March 8, 1865; Albert A., born 1847; Anna born 1849, wife of Allen Bell of Venango Co., Penn.; Gilbert L., born 1852, lives in Saginaw, Mich. September, 1877, J. G. Allen and his son Albert A. Allen, of Boscobel, came to Marietta and bought 23 acres of land, including mill site, on Richland creek on section 9, and immediately commenced building a flouring mill. In 1878, they had a substantial structure, 36x24 feet, containing two buhrs in operation. The mill was a success from the start, but, in December, 1882, the mill was destroyed by fire. Mr. Allen and son, with characteristic energy, rebuilt on the old foundation, and were running in three months, having made valuable improvement in the machinery. The mill is a favorite with farmers and customers, doing custom work; also buying wheat and selling flour. William M., born 1857, agent at Brookfield station C. M. & St. P. R. R. Two children died in Indiana while young. Albert A. is in partnership, in business with his father. He was married in October, 1881, to Hattie Martin. They have one child --- Winnie.
Henry C. C. Kast is a pioneer of the county, but has lived in this town but a short time. He was nine years of age, when his father, Chancey Kast, in 1850, settled in the town of Scott. At the age of eighteen years, Henry married Sarah E. Prater, of Port Andrew, and after marriage settled in the town of Haney. Sept. 29, 1861, he enlisted in company K, 12th Wisconsin Volunteers; while the regiment was at Camp Randall, before leaving the State, he received, while on duty, an injury to his left knee, which so disabled him as to cause his discharge. Returning home, he lived at Petersburg until 1872. Then, after a few months' residence at Port Andrew, he bought land on section 14, Haney town, living at Bell Centre, and improved it. He came to the town of Marietta, Dec. 13, 1881, and located on section 9, town 8, range 4 west, where he keeps a country store, and the postoffice named Steuben, owning land near by. They have four children --- Francis W., born 1863; Calvin R., born 1865; Melinda E., born 1870; Henry W., born 1872.