Chapter 34 - Town of Scott.

The boundaries of the town of Scott are identical with those of congressional township 9, of range 3 west. It is bounded on the north by the town of Clayton, on the east by Richland county, on the south by the town of Marietta and on the west by the town of Haney. Its general surface, in common with all Crawford county is rough. It has high ridges cut by deep ravines leading down to the valleys of the Kickapoo river on the west and the Wisconsin on the south. The valleys in this town are quite narrow. The main ridge runs north and south, but takes an indirect course, with spurs to the east and west.

The table lands were originally well timbered, with white and red oak, maple and basswood varieties together with some black walnut and butternut. In the valleys the timber is usually small and inferior, with many thorn apple and plum trees. But following down to the widenings of these valleys, the soil is better and timber of a much heavier growth.

The soil on the high lands is clay, with loam mixed; in the valleys a clay subsoil prevails, but with more sand mixed with the loam. For production, this soil is fully equal to any part of the county. All kinds of grain and grasses grown in this climate do well on these lands. Also considerable fruit, of the more hardy varieties, is raised here.

The Boscobel road, so called, passes through the town from north to south, leading from Viroqua to Soldier's Grove and Reedstown to Boscobel. This road enters the town on section 5, passes through that section and diagonally through the west half of section 9, nearly direct through sections 16 and 21, reaching the head of Richland creek on section 21, and then follows the valley through sections 28, 29 and 33, into the town of Marietta, on to Boscobel.

This town has no villages, no stores or hotels, but abounds in hospitality. It never had a licensed liquor saloon within its borders, and is made up of an intelligent, moral class of people, whose time and attention is all absorbed in agriculture.

This town has, perhaps more good and substantial improvements in way of houses, barns, orchards, shrubbery, etc., than an equal territory in any other portion of the county.

Early Settlement.

In the campaign against Black Hawk's band of Indians in 1832, which culminated in the battle of Bad Ax, in what was then Crawford, now Vernon county, on the east bank of the Mississippi, the left wing of the forces in pursuit, crossed the Wisconsin river at Muscada and followed Knapp's creek some distance, there taking a spring branch leading to the ridge. For movement of wagons and transportation trains a road was cut through the forest, which was afterward used by the early settlers.

About 1845 William and Randolph Elliott, visited the territory now known as the town of Scott.

They came in on the military road just mentioned, and on section 19 built a small cabin, with a view of future occupancy. They each made squatter's claims by felling some trees; they visited the place at different times, in the year preceding the first actual settlement.

In 1846 the town was visited by J. R. Hurlbut, William and Elmer Russell, Anthony Laughlin and Charles F. Coalburn, all from Grant county. They crossed the Wisconsin river at Port Andrew, followed the old army trail to a point where a hunter's cabin had been built, and there spent a day in looking the county over.

Three years later, 1849, J. R. Hurlbut moved into the town, with his family, some time during the month of November. Mr. Hurlbut was preceded a few months by Burril McKinney, who settled on section 18, town 9, range 3 west. Hurlbut and his family lived with McKinny, till January, 1850, when he had a house ready for occupancy on his own claim on section 17, town 9, range 3 west, where he still lived in 1884.

Hurlbut's corners were land marks for over thirty years.

Burril McKinney settled, as before stated, on section 18, in July, 1849. He brought his family, consisting of his wife and three children. After holding his claim a year, he sold out and made various other claims, but about 1854 he moved to Richland county, where he died in the autumn of 1882.

Chancey Kast came in December, 1849, purchasing the southwest quarter of the southwest quarter of section 18, where he built him a house, into which he moved in April, 1850. His brother, James, settled the same time in the town of Scott, but a year later removed into the town of Haney. Both of these gentlemen were living in the county in 1884.

Chancey Kast was born in Monroe Co., N. Y., June 13, 1807. His parents were Peter and Catharine (Durbar) Kast. Chancey remained in New York till twenty-one years old, when he, in company with the family, moved to Medina Co., Ohio, where he was married in 1832 to Martha Merritt. He then moved to Erie, Penn., where he remained two years and returned to Medina county, and there resided till June, 1849, when he removed to the town of Scott, this county, and located on sections 18 and 19, town 9, range 3 west. His first wife died in Ohio, in 1847, and in 1853 he married Mrs. Moody, nee Mary Breadlove, who died April 15, 1877 Mr. Kast's children were all by the first wife. They were: Jeremiah N., William F. N., Martha J., James W., Henry C. C. and Charles E. James W. was a soldier in the Civil war, in company K 12th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, and died in hospital at Madison, this State, in 1865. William F. N. and Jeremiah also served in the Union army. They both lived in this county in 1884.

In the fall of 1850 William Elliott, who had made a "squatter's claim" in 1845, came to the town with his family, consisting of a wife and two children. He erected a small log cabin, near the site of the old hunter's cabin of 1845. Mr. Elliott died May 5, 1880, living the last years of his life on section 17, town 9, range 3 west.

George and Larkin Clark came in 1852, first settling on school lands, but afterward entering government lands on sections 18 and 19.

The same year (1852) William Ferguson located on section 9.

Among others who settled in the town during 1853 were: Andrew Byers and Alonzo Young, who died in 1877; also S. N. Black came that year.

In 1854 O. M. Mitchell, with his family, settled on the southwest quarter of section 4, where he still lived in 1884.

The same year Tompkins Green settled on section 34. He was the first settler on what is called Irish Ridge, making his own road as he moved in. He was accompanied by his brother-in-law, Henry Hill, who only remained a short time.

William Gilbert's settlement dates from 1854. He located on section 26.

The same year Robert Eyers settled on the same section, where he was still living in 1884.

Robert Duncan settled on section 21, and J. R. Spence on section 17, where they still live.

During 1855 the following came in: Charles F. Coalburn, section 16; James Turk, section 9; Jacob S. Whitaker, section 4, also E. B. Dilly on section 14. These gentlemen were all living in 1884.

In 1856, A. Slade, who was postmaster for fourteen years, at Sladesburg, settled on section 12; John P. Coleman settled on section 16, the same year. He died in February, 1883.

Charles Nutter was another settler of 1856. He settled on section 20.

Sometime during 1857, Elder Levi Ross, a Baptist minister, came from Trumbull Co., Ohio. Mr. Ross left the monument of his good work behind him. He is remembered as one ever ready in sickness to relieve, if possible, the distressed. He was a comforter to all in trouble and a counsellor for good in time of health, and in every capacity a valuable man to the pioneer settlement. He remained in the town until 1866, a hard-working, earnest Christian minister, preaching in Crawford and Richland counties. After living some years in Richland county, he removed to Minnesota, where he still did frontier work for the Master. A little later he removed to Dakota, where he died in 1880.

From 1857 on, the settlers came in quite rapidly.

First Events.

Burril McKinney built the first log house (except the one found in 1845, built by hunters) in 1849.

The first frame house was erected by William Rogers in 1857.

The first frame barn was built in 1859, by Charles F. Coalburn.

The first birth in the town was that of E. Elliott, son of William Elliott, in March, 1851.

The earliest death known was that of a child of William Elliott, caused by its clothing taking fire, May 18, 1853. It remains were buried on section 18, where a cemetery was soon platted.

J. H. Hurlburt broke and put to crop some corn and fall wheat, in 1850. Chancey and James Kast also broke and cropped with corn, turnips, etc., and in the fall sowed fall wheat.

Dr. Cannon built the first saw-mill in 1862. It was a water power mill; never being considered a success it was finally abandoned.

The first threshing machine was brought in by Charles F. Coalburn in 1859. It was what is called the Chaff Piler, as it did not fan or clean the grain.

The first religious services were by the United Brethren in June 1853, at the house of William Elliott.


The town of Highland comprised all of what is now known as the town of Scott, and all of the towns of Clayton and Haney east of the Kickapoo river. The first town meeting was held April 10, 1855, when the following were elected town officers for the ensuing year:

Alonzo Young, town clerk; J. R. Spencer, treasurer; J. R. Hurlburt, superintendent of schools; William D. Sperry, J. R. Spencer, Peter M. Webb and Eli W. Canfield, justices of the peace; Reubin Hamilton, James H. Kast and Orlo M. Mitchell, assessors; J. R. Hurlbut, county supervisor.

In the fall of 1858, the territory was divided up, and the name of Highland dropped, and a town created known as Scott. The first election in the newly made town, was held April 5, 1859, when the following were elected:

J. R. Hurlbut, O. M. Mitchell and Charles F. Coalburn, supervisors; Alonzo Young, clerk; George E. Harrington, superintendent of schools; Luther Poland, assessor; George E. Harrington, W. J. McBurney and Samuel Wood, justices of the peace.

Officers for 1883: James Turk, chairman; Lewis McCullick, James Putnam, side board; William B. Walton, town clerk; Charles F. Coalburn, treasurer; William Wilt, assessor; Stephen Julian, Isaac Peterson, George McDowell and Barzell Gray, justices.


Sladesburg is the oldest postoffice within the town of Scott. It was established in 1857, with Alphonzo Slade as the first postmaster. He kept the office on section 12, until he removed from the town in 1880, when he was succeeded by J. M. Turk.

The second postoffice established in the town was in 1858; this was located on section 5, and kept by Isaac Teller, who is a cousin of Secretary Teller of the Department of Interior, at Washington, a member of President Arthur's cabinet. This office was named Rolling Ground. It was suspended for a few months, but re-established in 1868, and the name changed to Wheatville. William B. Walton was then appointed postmaster, and was still holding the office in 1884.

An office known as Hurlbut's Corners was established in 1861. J. R. Hurlbut was appointed postmaster, and was still acting in 1884. The name of the office was changed to Hurlbut in, 1883.


Scott has five full and seven joint school districts.

District No. 1 is provided with a log building, located on section 20, valued at $50. Number of pupils, forty-two.

District No. 2 has a frame house, situated on section 16, valued at $400. Number of pupils, fifty-nine.

District No. 5 is provided with a good frame building, located on section 29, valued at $500. Enrollment list, eighty-six.

District No. 6 also has a frame house, valued at $450, situated on section 9. Here the number of pupils is seventy-two.

District No. 8 has a school house located on section 22, and is valued at $400. The number of scholars in the district is forty-seven.

Joint district No. 7 has a building located on section 34, in the town of Scott, valued at $500. Number of pupils, forty-two. The towns of Scott and Marietta comprise this district.

Richwood and Scott comprise joint district No. 8. This district has a frame building on section 12, in the town of Scott, valued at $600. The total number of scholars in 1883 was forty-nine.

Joint district No. 1, made up of parts of Scott, Clayton and Haney towns, is provided with a building situated in the town of Clayton. Number of scholars from the town of Scott, five.

Joint district No. 4, made of parts of Scott and Haney, has a school house located in the town of Haney. Number of pupils from the town of Scott, seven.

Joint district No. 11 is composed of territory from the towns of Scott and Clayton. The building is located in the town of Clayton.

Joint district No. 12, made up of parts of territory in the towns of Scott and Haney, is provided with a building in the town of Haney. Number of pupils from the town of Scott, five.


The first religious services in the town of Scott were conducted by the United Brethren, whose preacher held services at the house of William Elliott in June, 1853. These meetings were kept up once in two weeks for two years or more, and services have been kept up to the present time (1884) with a good degree of regularity. They have three classes, under the charge of Elder G. G. Nickey.

The Baptist people held services from 1856 to 1866, but never erected a church, always holding services at the school house, under the pastorate of Elder Levi Ross, supported occasionally by Elder Prouty, of Boscobel. The removal of Elder Ross in 1866 caused suspension of services, and the society has never been known as an independent organization since that date.

John Day was born near West Carlisle, Coshocton Co., Ohio, in 1824. He emigrated to Wisconsin in 1845. He resides on section 7, and is an ordained elder in the United Brethren Church. Since 1870 he has been settled in his present charge, and constantly in the work of the Church. Probably no more energetic, pushing servant of the cause can be found in the west. For nearly forty years he has been, not alone a western man, but most of the time a frontier man up and beyond the Missouri river in days of wild beasts and Indians, a pioneer in Nebraska and Kansas. Hardy, vigorous, and as full of vitality as a man nearly perfect, physically, can be, he has been, and is, a man to be most useful in rough, western, frontier life. The elder's ministerial work is this neighborhood may be mentioned in this history. In the winter of 1882-3, Elder Day officiated at the funeral of Abram Correll, the oldest resident of Crawford county, aged 106 years; also performed the same duty ten years previous for his wife --- Mrs. Correll. Since his residence in the town of Scott, commencing in 1870, Elder Day has attended fifty-six funerals, solemnized thirty-six marriages, and added to the membership of his Church by baptism about forty-five. He holds regular services in six different localities in Crawford, Richland and Vernon counties; travels upon an average each year 3,000 miles; and if roads are bad, and his services are in immediate demand, leaves his team and walks, being good for fifty miles in a day's walk. He is aged sixty years, but as vigorous and hale as most men at forty to forty-five years. Elder Day was living with his second wife when he came to this town from Delaware Co., Iowa. She died and was buried in the town of Haney, March 4, 1873. Their wedded life of twenty years was not fruitful, no children being born to them, but his wife cared for and reared three children by a former wife --- Elizabeth L., wife of David Patterson, of Wright Co., Iowa; Barbara E., wife of James McVeagh, a resident of Nebraska; and Sophia A., wife of Jacob Hoffman, of Green Co., Wis. On July 13, 1873, Elder Day married Martha E. Richardson, of the town of Scott. By this marriage he has had five children --- Naomi J., born in June, 1874, and died at the age of four months; Norma J., born Dec. 9, 1875; John W., born March 7, 1878; Thomas J., born Dec. 3, 1880; and Daniel D., born Feb. 12, 1883.

A Methodist class was organized in 1858, and attached to Mount Sterling circuit, La Crosse district. John P. Coleman was the first class-leader, and Mrs. Jonah Glover, steward. The first pastor was Rev. William McMillan. This class was kept up till the beginning of the Civil war, when, true to their country, all the able bodied men of the class, including the pastor, enlisted. Rev. McMillan served over three years as a soldier, and during the time did much spiritual good among his fellow soldiers. After his return, he again took up his Master's work, and in 1883, was stationed at La Grange, La Crosse district.

About the time this Methodist class was formed, it built a log meeting house, near the north line of the town. Properly speaking, it belonged to both, the Methodist and United Brethren societies, as the latter aided in its erection. This class was reorganized in 1870. Rev. Bradley, of the Bell Centre circuit, supplied the class two years. They used No. 5 school house for a place of meeting. A new class was organized at the town house, with A. F. Thompson as preacher in charge for two years. Rev. J. F. Nuzum, assisted by Lew Wooley, succeeded Rev. Thompson. Rev. William McMillan came next, and he was followed by Rev. Isaac N. Adrian, under whose pastorate a new church was built in 1881, at a cost of $1,000. This edifice is located on section 16. The name of the church is Mt. Zion; the same was dedicated, Sept. 3, 1881, by J. R. Irish, presiding elder of Madison district.

Rev. Adrian was succeeded by Rev. Eli Harding who was followed by Rev. Crouch, and he by James Ford. Under the pastorate of Rev. M. Nuzum, a large number were added to the Church, who materially assisted in strengthening it, which then became a strong one.

In 1882 the Roman Catholic church completed a substantial church edifice, on section 23, which cost $1,000. The size of the building being 24x48 feet. It is surmounted by a neat belfry. About twenty-two families are connected with the Church, which is under the charge of the priest who lives in the town of Clayton.

The Christian, or Disciple denomination, have a society in the town, with a hewed log house on section 12. This society was organized just after the Civil War.


In 1884 there were three burying grounds within the town of Scott. The oldest of these is situated on section 18, and is not well located or cared for. The first burial was John J., a child of William Elliott, who was burned to death, accidentally, May 18, 1853.

On section 16 there is a well kept and beautifully situated cemetery. This is near the Mt. Zion (Methodist) church. Dethrick Coalburn, a Prussian soldier, who fought with Blucher, at the battle of Waterloo, was the first interment; date, Jan. 1, 1856.

Another cemetery is situated at the Catholic church, on section 23. This was established in 1882. James Kane was the first person to be buried there.

Steam Mill.

There are two steam mills in the town of Scott --- one on section 20, owned by J. J. Hurlbut; this has a twenty-five horse-power engine, which runs saws, planing mill, shingle and heading machines; also turns out wagon and furniture stock.

The other mill is located on section 11. This is run by a forty horse-power engine. This was started in the fall of 1882 by H. J. Kast, who the year following sold to his father, W. F. N. Kast. This mill cuts common lumber and railroad ties.

Town Hall.

The voters of Scott, experiencing the inconvenience of migratory elections, concluded in 1866 to build a town house, which they proceeded to do on section 16, near the centre --- a very good, substantial building costing about $400. The enterprise of the town, considering the early date of building, and the fact that few towns in the State had established a precedent, and none in Crawford county, is commendable.

Capturing Bears.

An incident of the early days of Scott is given in the words of Mrs. William Gilbert, who lives on section 26:

"One spring, not long after we settled here (date of settlement was 1854), my husband was very hard at work getting a piece of ground ready for a crop. I used to help him in this work all I could. One forenoon I had been helping him, and about 11 o'clock went to the house to prepare dinner, going to the spring down a ravine a few rods, after water. I saw on my return, near the top of the ridge, coming out of another ravine, an old bear and four cubs; the cubs were as large as full grown coons. It occurred to me that if we could catch those cubs they would make nice pets, and I thought of who we could give them to, etc. But I did not stop to think long. I looked for and picked up a club, and went for them, and drove the old bear away a short distance and the cubs up a small tree. Then went to the high ground to call my husband, but before I could do this the old bear, who had kept up a whining, called the cubs down again, and I had to hurry back to keep them from going off into the woods again. This time I drove the cubs up a larger tree, the old bear walking around the tree in a circle and calling piteously all the while, and I was shouting at the top of my voice for my husband, who heard me, but was provoked at my calling him so early to dinner, as he supposed, but finally he thought, as I kept shouting, he had better come. Meanwhile I had kept pounding on the tree to keep the cubs up there. When my husband came, he took my place and I ran for a neighbor --- Stephen Grow. Upon my return with him, the old bear gave up all effort to recover the cubs and ran off, and then, with ropes, we captured the cubs and disposed of them in one way and another."

[By Charles F. Coalburn.]

Late in the summer of 1846 J. R. Hurlbut, William and Elmer Russell, Anthony Laughlin and myself, all residents of Grant county, visited within the present limits of the town of Scott. We crossed the Wisconsin river at Port Andrew; here we noticed the wreck of a steamer, which had been used by the United States forces in the Black Hawk war for transporting supplies. At this time the settlers of Port Andrew were utilizing what was left of the steamer, in aiding them to provide shelters for their families. We followed the road by the left wing of the troops in their pursuit of Black Hawk and his people; this road led from the ferry (which at this time was operated by two men named Andrew and Combs), up Knapp's creek, to a spring branch coming in from the northwest, following the branch up and out onto the ridge, to about the center of section 14, and thence west through sections 15, 16, 17 and 18, and to the Kickapoo. This road was used by the earlier settlers of Scott and adjoining towns in moving in, and is now the main thoroughfare, crossing the town east and west. We passed on the way up an encampment made by the soldiers. The hewn basswood tables made by the men fourteen years before were still fit for some use, with a little cleaning. When we reached the high lands, two or three days after, our dogs struck a bear trail and followed until a little "too fresh," for they overtook the animal, and one of them being part bull, had more courage than discretion, and, consequently, was badly used up. We found a small cabin near the top of the ridge, which had been occupied, we afterwards learned, by William and Randolph Elliott while hunting, and perhaps by others; here we spent the night. The next day we looked over the land, noting the quality of soil and timber, etc., and then left, favorably impressed with what we saw. Three years later Hurlbut became the first permanent settler of the town. I came back with my family in 1855. At this time wild game was so abundant as to be a nuisance. J. R. Hurlbut lost in one year fifteen hogs and a cow and calf by bears. On one occasion Hurlbut and Burrill McKinney, looking after venison in the Kickapoo valley, counted from their position, overlooking a basin in the valley, forty-two deer. As they wanted only one, it troubled them to decide what to do. One season I was troubled by a dog, owned somewhere north of us. The brute would worry and mangle my hogs. One morning, hearing an outcry by an old hog, I hurriedly siezed my gun and some loose buckshot to put on top of the bird charges in the gun, and started to kill that dog! Reaching the scene, I discovered a huge bear, dragging off the hog, then dead! The bear left the hog and stood up awaiting me! After one shot she left. By running after her I got close enough to give her the other, but I did not stop the bear! My wife and Hurlbut, who was at the house, attracted by the shooting, came over to where the bear had left the hog, and while there two more bears approached to within fifteen feet of them, unnoticed. They were probably attracted by a desire to breakfast on pork chops. My spring, a little way from the house, had a large white oak tree leaning over it. While dipping a pail of water one day, a few pieces of bark dropped into the pail. I glanced up to see the squirrel that did this work, and to my surprise saw a very large bear in the forks of the tree, directly over my head. I started to the house for my gun; the bear evidently understanding the situation, commenced moving, and attracted my attention. I saw the brute come down; this was done by rolling up like a caterpillar; he dropped about twenty feet and made good his escape.

Discovery of Buhr-stone.

In 1846, when J. R. Hurlbut was hunting a location, he discovered a formation of rock, which seemed to him to be similar to French buhr-stone. He took a small piece back to Grant county with him, and had a miller, who was dressing up a new run of French buhrs, examine it. He first broke a small fragment off of the genuine buhr, unknown to the miller, and handed him both pieces for inspection. The expert miller tested their quality and pronounced them both inferior and worthless bits of stone. Mr. Hurlbut then revealed the fact to him, and fitted the genuine piece to its place on the buhr which he was working on. No more was done in the matter until about 1878, when George Mullikin quarried out a set of mill stones from this ledge, and these stones have now, (1884,) been in constant use ever since, and are pronounced by all to be superior to the French buhrs. Several run of these stone are now in use, and preparations are being made to quarry them in an extensive manner. This formation is to be found on sections 17 and 18, of town 9, range 3 west.


The oldest permanent settler of the town of Scott, John R. Hurlbut, was born in Dutchess Co., N. Y., in 1817. In 1822 he went with his parents to Cattaraugus Co., N. Y., and afterwards to Trumbull Co., Ohio. When twenty-one years of age, John R. left Ohio and went to Illinois, remaining one year. In 1839 he moved to Grant Co., Wis., where he purchased government land near Ellenboro. He married Nov. 20, 1845, Charlotte Coalburn, sister of Charles F. Coalburn, who settled in Scott town in 1856. Mr. Hurlbut came with a party into the town of Scott in 1846, and being well pleased with what he saw of the country, he returned in November, 1849, with his wife and three children. He had been preceded a few months by Burrill McKenney, who brought his wife and two children and settled on section 18. He built the first dwelling in the town, a log house. In July, 1849, Mr. McKenney sold his claim and the following spring moved to Richland county. Mr. Hurlbut lived with Mr. McKenney until January, 1850, when he moved into a log house on his own claim, on section 17, near his present residence. Mr. and Mrs. Hurlbut have always shown great hospitality, and the new comer and the way-farer have always found a hearty welcome at his house. He has been postmaster at Hurlbut Corners since the organization of the office, in 1861, a period of twenty-two years. He was the first representative of his town in the county board of supervisors, acting as chairman of the board. He was the first town superintendent of schools, under the old system, and has for sixteen years been county surveyor. He was also chairman of the town board of supervisors nine terms and treasurer of the town nine years. Mr. and Mrs. Hurlbut have had ten children, five of whom are living. We give their names in the order of their births --- Seymour, born Aug. 28, 1865, died in the hospital at Madison, March 7, 1869; Charles H., born Dec. 23, 1847, died April 23, 1865; John J., born Aug. 8, 1849, now living in the town of Scott; Winfield Scott, born June 8, 1852, now living in this town; Robert M., born Sept. 6, 1854, now living in Dakota; Ira D., born April 7, 1856; living in Prairie du Chien, where he is associated with T. W. Lacy in the publication of the Prairie du Chien Union; Charlotte Minnie, born March 7, 1858, died April 4, 1862; Theodore W., born Jan. 18, 1860, died March 26, 1862; Albert L., born March 17, 1862, living with his parents; Reuben M., born Nov. 2, 1864, died March 27, 1865. Mr. Hurlbut still lives on the place that he pre-empted in 1850 and entered a year later. The winter of 1849 and 1850, he and McKenney lived in the town twelve miles from their nearest neighbor.

John J. Hurlbut is a son of J. R. Hurlbut, has grown up with the town of Scott, his father having located here in 1849, when John J. was but a few months old. He is a wide awake and pushing young man, supplying to the town one of its most useful industries. He owns and operates a well managed steam mill, near the center of section 20, where he cuts lumber of all kinds, suitable for general building, out of the hard wood timber still standing in abundance over much of the town. He has a planing machine, heading and shingle machines also in connection with his mill. Furniture stock forms quite a large part of his manufacture, and he also has considerable wagon stock. Mr. Hurlbut first built a horse power mill in 1877, but finding this too slow he, in 1878, changed to steam power, and still finding more power demanded, he again changed, in 1880, to a twenty-five horse power. His business is now a success financially and otherwise. Mr. Hurlbut associated with himself, in 1881, J. Barto as a partner, but he soon after bought out Mr. Barto's interest and has since conducted the business alone. The earlier part of Mr. Hurlbut's life, previous to engaging in the milling business, was spent in surveying lands in Crawford county, his father being county surveyor for a number of years, and John J. succeeding him in the business in a very able and satisfactory manner.

William F. N. Kast is the son of Chancey Kast, who came into the town of Scott the second year of its settlement (1850), and who still lives on his original pre-emption on section 19. William and his father live together, William owning a farm on the same section. He was born in Medina Co., Ohio, in 1836. He was married in 1855 to May Moody. They have had five children --- Henry J., born in April, 1858, married and living in town of Haney; Isabella M., born in May 1863, died in March, 1866; Rosa, born in January, 1867; Elvira, born in April, 1868; Celia, born in 1870. Mr. Kast's wife died in 1873. He was married again in 1873 to Emma J. Sterling. Five children have blessed their union --- Emmett, born in June, 1874; Mary B., born in February, 1876; Jennie, born in August, 1877; Fannie, born in October, 1879, died Feb. 7, 1881; Stella, born in September, 1881. Mr. Kast, in addition to farming, is running a steam saw-mill on section 11.

Edward C. Elliott, son of William and Celia (Breedlove) Elliott, was born March 11, 1851, in Scott, Crawford county, being the first child born in the town, and still lives on section 19. In May, 1877, he married Harriet Quick, daughter of Daniel Quick, who died May 28, 1882. Mr. Quick was born in Ulster Co., N. Y., in 1813, left home when twenty-three years of age, living at different points in the State, and part of the time sailing on the lakes. In 1843 he went to Indiana, remained there ten years, then came to Lafayette Co., Wis., from there, in 1855, to Scott, settling on land on section 18. Mr. and Mrs. Elliott have three children --- Harriet E., born in June, 1878; Agnes E., born in October, 1879, and Albert B., born in October, 1882. Mr. Elliott's father was one of the pioneers of Scott, having built a cabin there in 1845, which he and his brother occupied occasionly as headquarters while hunting and land-looking. They also made squatter claims, with a view to future settlement. In the fall of 1850, he built a small log house by the side of the cabin for a residence. He afterwards sold his first claim and purchased 120 acres on section 17, where he lived till his death, May 5, 1879.

Henderson Young is the son of Alonzo Young, who came in 1853 to the town of Scott, purchasing of the government the east half of the northwest quarter of section 20. He afterwards bought forty acres adjoining. Alonzo Young was town clerk for twenty years. Henderson, being the only son, succeeded to his father's estate. His grandmother, seventy-five years of age, and his sister, Rose, reside with him on the old homestead.

Robert Duncan was born in 1827, in Westmoreland Co., Penn. When quite young he removed with his parents to Ohio. In 1844 Mr. Duncan went to Ellenboro, Grant Co., Wis., where, in 1852, he married Pluma A. Jones. They have had six children, five of whom are living --- Obed A., Charles A., Chauncy N., Laura A. and Ella M. Robert W. was born Oct. 3, 1869, and died Oct. 16, 1870; Charles A. and Chauncy W. are now living in Iowa. Mr. Duncan came to the town of Scott, Crawford Co., in 1854, purchasing eighty acres of land, on section 21, where he has since resided. He afterwards purchased another forty acres of Walter Blandon. He served as a faithful soldier about nine months in the 47th Wisconsin Volunteers. He served several terms on the town board of supervisors.

Robert Eyers resides on the northwest quarter of section 26, Scott town. He owns eighty acres here and also eighty acres on section 27. Mr. Eyers was born in 1822, in Wiltshire, England. He emigrated to the United States in 1843, landing at Quebec, and going to London, Canada, where he remained three or four years. He was married at St. Thomas, in 1846, to Eliza Wye. After changing residence in Canada several times, in 1850 he went to Huron, Erie Co., Ohio, remaining until 1854, when he came to this town. Mr. and Mrs. Eyers have had eleven children, six of whom are living --- Louisa, wife of H. J. Marshall, residing in Wood Co., Wis.; George, also of Wood county; Henry, married and living near his father; Frank, Samuel and Sarah. The two last are twins. Emma, Lotta and Edward are buried in the beautiful little cemetery on Union Hill. One infant was buried in Canada, and one in Ohio. Mr. Eyers served six months in the latter part of the war, in the 47th Wisconsin Volunteers. He is a highly respected citizen and neighbor.

William Gilbert came to the town of Scott from Davis Co., Ind., in the fall of 1854. He was born in Huntington Co., Ind., in 1828. When he came here he purchased land on section 26, where he has since resided. The year previous to his coming he married Maria Logan. When he made a settlement, Tomkins Green was the only man living in this part of Scott (now called Irish Ridge). With Mr. Gilbert came two families named Lucas and Rore. They lived together on section 35, but after a few years left the town. Rore died later in Grant Co., Wis., and Lucas died in this county, in 1882. Mrs. Gilbert was a good specimen of the old style of pioneer women. As proof of this there can be found on another page an account of her driving off a bear, and "treeing" and holding four cubs until help came and captured them. In further proof, she has given birth to, and reared, ten children, all of whom are, at this date (1884) living --- John, born in 1855; Margaret J., born in 1857; Henry W., born in 1859; Matilda, born in 1861; Abraham L., born in 1864; Ezra, born in 1867; Ella, born in 1869; Eliza, born in 1875; Nellie, born in 1877, and Lydia, born in 1879. In 1864 Mr. Gilbert enlisted in the 17th regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers, serving until the war closed; was a good soldier, and has always been a good citizen.

J. R. Spencer was born in 1826, in Trumbull Co., Ohio. He there married, Oct. 3, 1849, Lydia H. Kinne, also a native of Trumbull county. In June, 1851, he moved to Ellenboro, Grant Co., Wis., where he lived until 1854, following his trade, that of a blacksmith. He then came to the town of Scott, locating on section 17. Since entering his land he has bought eighty additional acres. Mr. and Mrs. Spencer have had nine children, seven of whom are living --- Marion O., Warren O., Ezra N., Ida May, Laura E., Ellen C. and Lydia V. The two deceased are --- Emma C. and Charles S. Mr. Spencer is one of the substantial men of his town and neighborhood. He has served one term on the county board, several terms as town treasurer, five terms as assessor, and was for six years a justice of the peace.

Charles F. Coalburn came to the town of Scott in 1855, locating on State school land on section 16, which he had purchased some time previous. His father, Deitrick Coalburn, was a native Prussian, and was a Prussian soldier under Blucher in the battle of Waterloo. Charles F. was born in Minden, Prussia, in 1826. In 1834 he emigrated with his parents to the United States. They lived the first two years near Pittsburg, Penn. Mr. Coalburn's father being entitled to a grant of land by the English government, for services at Waterloo, and being able to obtain it only on condition that he settle on it, they, in 1836, moved to Canada to make a home. It not being desirable to remain there longer after the Patriot war, they removed, in 1838, to Trumbull Co., Ohio. In 1846 they removed to Harrison, Grant Co., Wis., where they resided until coming to this county.

Deitrick Coalburn died in 1856, being the first person buried in Union Hill cemetery. Mr. Coalburn was married in Grant county, April 27, 1851, to Mary A. Blakeslee. They have had eleven children, six of whom are living --- Eliza E., wife of Robert Jones, Pocahontas Co., Iowa; Edith J., wife of A. A. Arms, town of Scott; Maria O., John E., Frederick L. and Charlotte L. Those deceased were --- Eugene E., Mary E., Charles H. and Charles A. Mr. Coalburn enlisted in January, 1865, in the 47th Wisconsin Volunteers, being discharged after nine months service. He is now town treasurer.

James Turk, son of Ephraim Turk, was born in Butler Co., Penn., near Pittsburg, Sept. 7, 1822. When quite young his parents moved to Venango county, and in 1854 to Grant Co., Wis., where they lived about one year near Ellenboro. In the fall of 1855 they removed to the town of Clayton, Crawford county. In the fall of 1855 Mr. James Turk bought of the State the south half of the southwest quarter of section 9, Scott town, and he now owns 334 acres of land in the county. He was married in Venango Co., Penn., Dec. 24, 1844, to Sarah Greenleaf. Twelve children have blessed this union, nine of whom are living --- Maria J., wife of M. D. Grow, of Dubuque, Iowa; Anna E., wife of John Jones; Martha M., wife of Henry Coney, Excelsior, Wis.; James M., postmaster at Sladesburg, this town; Samuel J., residing in this town; Sarah M., wife of Washington Davis, this town; Anna B., wife of James Black, Osborn Co., Kan.; Butler L., residing in this town, and Wallace who lives at home. William J., John G. and Dorcas are deceased. Mr. Turk has bought and sold much land, and has deeded about 325 acres to his children. He served as chairman of the board of supervisors in 1880 and 1882, and is now serving his third term as chairman of the town board of supervisors; is also one of the trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Mount Zion, and was a soldier in the Union army during the last war.

John P. Coleman was born June 2, 1822, in Shelby Co., Ohio, and moved to Allen Co., Ind., in 1845. He was there married to Catherine Doctor, June 3, 1847; then removed to Scott town in 1856, first settling on government land on section 25, where he lived for seven years, then sold this place and bought land on section 27, where he resided until his death. He was the father of seven children, of whom five are living. Through all his hardships he tried to live a Christian life. He had been a member of the M. E. Church for forty-five years. On February 22d he was fatally injured while chopping down a tree on the side-hill. The tree in falling lodged on a high stump adjoining, and while trying to cut the log laying in that position it broke off, and before he could get out of the way it caught him and pinioned him to the ground. It was twelve feet long and measured three feet at the butt; he laid under the log for five hours before he was found; called for help but no one heard him; there was no one at home but his youngest daughter and grand-son. The daughter had his dinner ready for him and waited for her father to come home. About 2 o'clock his son, who had been to the factory with a load of bolts, returned home, and she went out to tell him about their father, when she heard him call for help. The son put his horses in the barn and ran down where his father was laying, but could not roll the log off his prostrate body. He had to go a half a mile before he could get any help. When they got him out, his limbs were frozen almost stiff. He lived about fourteen hours after being taken home. Annie H. Coleman was married in 1880 to George Phillips. W. S. Coleman resides on the old homestead.

Eli Nutter is a native of Indiana, born in 1842. He came with his father to Scott town, Vernon county, in 1856. Twelve years later he purchased the land which was entered by Samuel Freeman, and rented by his father, on section 20, where he still lives, his father making his home with him. Mr. Nutter was married March 12, 1864, to Julia Ann, daughter of William Elliott. Mr. and Mrs. Nutter have had eight children, six of whom are living --- Josephine, wife of A. Boyd, of Boydstown; Minnie, Minerva, Ida, Delphia and Daniel. William C. died in 1870 and Walter in 1882.

William Mindham was born in Norfolk, England, Sept. 9, 1831. When seventeen years of age he started out in life for himself, and emigrated to the United States, landing at New York. He went west to Chicago, and from there to Cottage Hills, fifteen miles out of the city of Chicago, entering the employ of the Chicago & Galena railroad, then owning less than five miles of track. He lived there five years, then went to Geneva, where, April 15, 1854, he married Martha Ward. She was born in Birmingham, England, and came to America in 1848, living in New York up to the time of her marriage. In 1857 he left the employ of the railroad and came to Crawford county, staying one year with his father, Benjamin Mindham, who had settled in 1855 on section 29, Clayton town. In 1858 Mr. Mindham bought land on section 30, Scott town, where he now owns and occupies 200 acres, having a fine farm with valuable improvements. In 1862 he enlisted in company B, 33d Wisconsin Volunteers. He was absent from but one engagement in which his regiment took part, being a non-commissioned officer when mustered out of service.

Ethan A. Bowen was born in Trumbull Co., Ohio, March 22, 1822. When twenty-one years of age he married Sarah Wannamaker. In 1843 Mr. Bowen moved to Grant Co., Wis., where he purchased a farm of 100 acres, and was for several years engaged in farming and running a breaking team, turning over soil for new settlers. In 1857 he moved to Marietta, Crawford county, and in 1859 to Scott town, where he purchased 200 acres of land on section 36. When the war broke out he enlisted, and with the exception of service spent in the army, he has since made this his home. He has been a useful man in the community. He has served twenty years as justice, much of the time on the district school board, and as a member of the board of supervisors.

Alfred A. Rogers was born in 1822, in Trumbull Co., Ohio. When twenty-two years of age he married Mary A. Newcom, and the same year, 1845, with his young bride, came west, stopping at Exeter, Green Co., Wis., where he engaged in farming four or five years, then going to Blue Mounds, he followed lead-mining eighteen or twenty months. He then moved to Wingville, Grant Co., where he followed lead-mining till 1857, then came to Crawford county, living the first two years in Georgetown, Marietta town. In 1859 he came to Scott, and bought land the following year on section 36, in what is now called Hoover Valley, being one of the first settlers in the valley, and where, except during the time of his service in the army, from Aug. 15, 1862, to the mustering out of his regiment, he has lived. He was a good soldier in company B, 33d Wisconsin Volunteers. He has always been an honorable, industrious and esteemed citizen. During the three years he was in the army, his wife managed the farm prudently. They have had four children, two of whom are living --- Libbie B., wife of William Wilt, of Scott; Eva M., wife of William Lawrence, of Scott.

William B. Walton was born in Birmingham, England, in 1826. In 1856, he emigrated to the United States, coming directly to Madison, Wis., being there employed by P. McCabe, city surveyor, on the city survey. He was afterwards employed by D. W. Jones, secretary of State, in the platting of the State school lands. Mr. Walton was married in Worcestershire, England, June 19, 1851, to Sarah J. daughter of William and Jane Butler, who came to this country in 1854, and made a home in Haverhill, Mass., where Mrs. Butler still resides. Mr. and Mrs. Walton have had seven children, six of whom are living --- Eleanor Jane, Caroline Louisa, William F., Maria E., Francis E., Alice E. and Joseph E. William F. was accidentally drowned in the Wisconsin river, while bathing, June 18, 1882. In the fall of 1859, Mr. Walton came from Madison, to Scott town, Crawford county, purchasing 160 acres of school land on section 5, which he has improved, and upon which he now resides. Coming into the town the year that gave organization to Scott, as it now is, Mr. Walton has watched the growth and progress of the town with a great deal of interest, and has had no small part in the labor of this work. He was commissioned by Gov. Bashford, notary public, and is at present court commissioner and town clerk. He has also held the offices of county surveyor and deputy clerk of court.

Jacob Graham resides on section 22. He was born in Mercer Co., Penn., Feb. 8, 1819. He was married in 1845, to Margaret Moreland, and emigrated to Illinois in 1846. He there resided four years and then came to Lafayette Co., Wis., and lived there three years; thence to Iowa Co., Wis., and in 1860, he came to the town of Scott, purchasing eighty acres of land, which he has improved, and since occupied. Mr. and Mrs. Graham have had eight children --- Martha P., William, Mary Ann, Maria, deceased; James, Robert, Adam, and John. Four of these children are living, and four deceased.

Theodore F. Pickett, son of William Pickett was born in Vevay, Switzerland Co., Ind., in 1848. When seven years of age, his parents moved to Stephenson Co., Ill., where they lived until 1859. They then moved to Grant Co., Wis., and from there to Crawford county. They resided for one year at Prairie du Chien, then, in 1860, came to town of Scott, settling on section 22. Mr. Pickett was married Oct. 2, 1870, to Arvilla, daughter of Leander Blakeslee, and now resides with his mother-in-law on the Blakeslee homestead, on section 16. Mr. and Mrs. Pickett have had five children, four of whom are living --- Annie V., Nettie L., Jesse S. and Pearl P. Cora was born March 1, 1872, and died the same month. Mrs. Pickett's father, Leander S. Blakeslee, was born in Bristol, Conn., in 1810. He was brought up to the clock-maker's trade, at which he worked the greater portion of his life. He came to Scott town in 1865, purchasing 120 acres of land on section 16, which he improved, making it his home until his death in 1880.

L. H. McCullick was born in Wells Co., Ind., in 1843. In 1859, his father, John McCullick, moved with his family to Haney town, Crawford county, purchasing 300 acres of land in Scott, Haney and Utica towns. He settled on the Utica purchase, remaining there until his death in October, 1875. His mother, Lavina McCullick, died in December, 1861. Mr. McCullick married in February, 1863, Eliza J. Coleman. They have had four children, three of whom are living --- Lavina, wife of J. W. Spencer; Laura and John. Emmett died Feb. 5, 1877. After his marriage Mr. McCullick lived in Haney town about twenty months. He then moved to his present residence on section 6, Scott town, on lands which he purchased of his father. He is at present a member of the town board of supervisors.

William Wilt was born in Mercer Co., Penn., in 1840. He came to the town of Scott in 1864, and for several years made his home with Jacob Graham (though not engaged in his employ), with the exception of one year at Prairie du Chien. In 1865 he bought eighty acres of land on section 23. In 1871 he bought an adjoining eighty acres, and these two tracts constitute his landed possessions. He commenced to purchase a farm before his marriage, which event occurred Dec. 25, 1871. His wife was Libby, daughter of Alfred A. Rogers. They have had six children, four living --- Mary, born Oct. 13, 1872; Bolser G., born Jan. 25, 1865; Alfred, born Oct. 27, 1879, and Charles, born Feb. 21, 1882. The deceased children are: Katie, born in November, 1876, and died in July, 1878, and an infant that died in September, 1878. Mr. Wilt has served as deputy sheriff four years, and in 1883 was town assessor. He is one of the prominent young farmers of the town of Scott.

Richard B. Laurence was born in 1826, near Havre de Grace, Md., and went with his parents to Lancaster Co., Penn. When six years of age he accompanied his parents to Mercer Co., Penn. In 1850 the family moved to St. Clair Co., Ill., and Richard returned to Pennsylvania in 1852. That same year he married, in Lawrence county, Betsy Grim. In 1855 he went to Iowa, thence to Illinois, thence to Louisiana, and returned to Pennsylvania in 1856. In 1865 he came to Scott town, purchasing land on section 23, where he has since remained. Mr. and Mrs. Laurence have four children --- Bolser G., born in 1853; William F., born in 1855; Mary Ann, born in 1858, and Adam, born in 1862. Bolser G. resides on section 14, this town; William F. is living on section 36, town of Scott; Mary Ann is the wife of William E. Vanhorn, residing on section 22, town of Scott, and Adam resides at home. Mr. Laurence served two terms as chairman of the town board of supervisors, and one term each as justice of the peace, constable and deputy sheriff.

J. W. McDougal came to the town of Scott, after his discharge from the army in 1865, purchasing eighty acres of land on section 24, and living there two years. He then sold, and moved to Richland county, and in 1868 he removed to Iowa Co., Iowa. He remained there five years, and in 1873 returned to Scott town, purchasing the southeast quarter of section 13, where he now resides. Mr. McDougal was born in Johnstown, Fulton Co., N. Y., in 1826. When thirteen years of age he removed with his parents to Cayuga county. In 1851 he was married to Ann Westfall, by whom he had four children --- Darwin, Orin, Ida and Fanny. Mr. McDougal suffered the loss of his wife, and in 1866 he married his present wife, by whom he has had three children --- Helen O., aged fifteen; William, age thirteen, and Freddie, aged five years. Mr. McDougal is a live and energetic man, prominent in local affairs, and always ready for duty.

John Miller's residence is on section 9. He was born in Monroe Co., Ohio, in 1820. The year he attained his majority (1841), he was married, in Washington Co., Ohio, to Elizabeth Keene. In 1865 Mr. Miller and family came to Crawford county, and located in this town. They have had nine children, five living, and they are here given in the order of their birth and death: Benjamin, born June 12, 1842; Mary Ann, born May 25, 1880, and died in Kansas, in 1880; Amanda, born December 1, 1844, and died July 12, 1870; Margaret, born in November, 1846; Susanna, born in October, 1849, and died in 1855; James Madison, born in November, 1853; Henry, born in March, 1856, and died in 1860; Francis Marion, born in October, 1860, and Precious, born in January, 1862. Mr. Miller has been a great sufferer, and has withstood more hard fortune than the average man would feel able to stand under. Still, by good and prudent management, industry and energy, he is in comfortable circumstances. In 1868, after being confined to his bed for twenty months, he suffered amputation of his right leg, being necessary on account of white swelling. This sickness and trouble cost Mr. Miller about one half of his farm, which he afterward bought back, and it is now in the family, owned by his son, James M.

David Burkholder was born in 1843, in Warsaw, Coshocton Co., Ohio. In 1854 his father moved his family to Grant county, settling in Harrison town, where he still lives. In 1861, at the age of eighteen, David enlisted in company I, 10th Wisconsin Volunteers, serving till June, 1863, when he was discharged on account of disability. Regaining his health, he re-enlisted, in January, 1864, in company C, 7th Wisconsin Volunteers (Iron Brigade) and served till the close of the war; has been suffering physically from war service ever since. After the war he returned to Grant county, and the same year, in November, 1865, he married Delia L. Blakeslee. The winter following, in February, 1866, they came to Scott, where his wife's father, Leander Blakeslee, had preceded them a few months. Living with his father-in-law, about a year, in June, 1867, he settled on some land bought on section 21, where he still lives. They have two children --- Amber R., born May 23, 1867, and Edgar E., born May 2, 1871.

George W. Churchill was born in Marysville, Union Co., Ohio, in 1839. When ten years of age he moved with his parents to Wabash Co., Ind., and in 1858 to Kickapoo town, Vernon Co., Wis., where, in 1863 his father died, his mother dying in 1881. Mr. Churchill enlisted Sept. 7, 1861, in company I, 12th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. His army record we will give in words from a private letter, written by Gen. James K. Proudfit, his old commander, whose watchful eye noted every gallant action. Gen. Proudfit says: "I remember Churchill at the battles of Bald Hill, before Atlanta, the 21st and 22d of July, and at the battle of Ezra Church, July 28. On the 21st we lost 153 men in a successful bayonet charge, not lasting more than fifteen minutes; on the 22d Gen. McPherson the 'Bayard' of our army, was killed; all ranks did nobly and I delight to do them honor. "I remember at Baker's creek bridge, on the Sherman raid east from Vicksburg, which we repaired under fire, of both artillery and infantry. Calling for volunteers for this deadly work, Churchill was one of the first to respond, and in the work was a right hand man, in short, through the long service of Churchill up to the time of receiving at Lovejoy station the wound which disabled him, which I well remember, he was a courageous, energetic and obedient soldier, and I am glad to do him honor." The bullet received at Lovejoy station Mr. Churchill still carries near the upper part of his left lung. The battle-flag of the 12th Wisconsin is preserved at Madison, and the following named battles are inscribed thereon: Lamar, Coldwater, Hernando, Vicksburg, Jackson, Baker's creek, Hatchie, Meridan, Kenesaw Mountain, Nickarjack, Bald Hill, Ezra Church, Jonesboro, Lovejoy Station, Atlanta, Savannah, Pacataigo, Solkahie, Owensburg, Columbia, Bentonville, and Johnson's surrender. He has been as useful in civil life as in military having been chairman of the town board one term, and for several terms a member of the side board. In 1880 he was enumerator of census in district No. 52. He was for two years an employe of the State Senate. Mr. Churchill married, Feb. 2, 1867, Jennie M. Haggerty, from Vernon county. He had four children --- Frank B., Thaddeus W., Howard W. and Hurley N. After the war Mr. Churchill purchased 160 acres on sections 16 and 18 which he has occupied since 1867. He has bought quite a large amount of land in the meantime. In 1883 he visited Nebraska and purchased land, partly improved, in Clay county. He contemplates making his home there sometime in the future.

John Pittsley came to Scott town, Crawford county, in 1869, where he owns 120 acres of land on section 28 and forty acres on section 29, making his home on the latter section. Mr. Pittsley is a native of Alleghany Co., N. Y., where he lived until twenty-two years of age. He then went to Boone Co., Ill., remaining there several years and, in 1850, going to Grant Co., Wis., and living on Castle Rock until coming to Scott town. Mr. Pittsley married, in 1844, in New York, Adeline Halstead. They have had nine children, five of whom are living --- Hannah A., wife of John S. Lindsley, of Nebraska; Almeda, wife of Jehiel Day, residing in this town; Theodore, married and is living in this town; Adell, also married, to Salron Tirk is living in this town; Ervin, living at home; Mary married Jonathan Watron.

M. W. Rowan was born in county Claire, Ireland, in 1843. He came to America in 1851, his father having preceded him a short time. He resided in Chautauqua Co., N. Y., until the beginning of the war, when he enlisted in the 49th New York Volunteer Infantry. After two years' service he was discharged on account of sickness. Recovering his health, his patriotism prompted him to enlist in the 90th New York Infantry, in which he served one year. In 1869 he came to Crawford Co., Wis., living the first two years in the town of Haney, and since that time in the town of Scott. In 1871 he married Mrs. Mary Fitch, widow of John F. Fitch. They have had two children --- Katie M. and James P. Mrs. Rowan is a native of Connecticut, born in New London. She came to this county in 1858, and in 1861 married John F. Fitch. He enlisted in the army during the war, and died in the hospital at Atlanta. Mr. and Mrs. Rowan now occupy 120 acres of land on section 15. Mr. Rowan served on the board of supervisors for 1882.

William Hughbanks was born in Scott Co., Ind., in 1828. While quite young his parents removed to Cole Co., Ill., and his father subsequently went to Mineral Point, Wis., while the country was yet new, living there until about 1863, when he moved to Cassville, where he died in 1873. About this time, the subject of this sketch, with his family, settled in the town of Marietta, Crawford Co., Wis. After selling the purchase he then made he came to the town of Scott, and purchased forty acres on section 32, where he now resides, and eighty acres on section 31. He was married in 1851 to May W. Hugo. They have eight children, all living but one --- Franklin, James, William, Munroe, George, Charlie and Walter. Mrs. Hughbanks departed this life in 1873 and in 1874 he married his present wife, Mary Ann Wayne. They are the parents of three children --- Ettie May, Warren and John. Mr. Hughbanks is one of those men who came in the middle stage of development of Scott town, but since his arrival has done his share of improving and advancing the interests of the town.

Friend A. Phillips was born in 1833, in Wyoming Co., N. Y. When fifteen years of age he removed with his parents to Alleghany county and resided there until thirty years of age. He then went to Brown Co., Wis., living at De Pere two years, and residing ten years in the county. He was married Sept. 24, 1857, in Belmont, N. Y., to Betsy Maria Burt. She died in Brown Co., Wis., Sept. 3, 1872. By this marriage Mr. Phillips had five children, four of whom are living --- Curtis A., George W., Sarah, wife of James Elliott, of McPherson Co., Kan.; Georgiana, who married Thomas Spencer and lives in this town; Byron D. was born in 1871, and died when seventeen months old. Mr. Phillips married Sept. 18, 1873, at Boscobel, Mrs. Charlotte M. Vancuren, sister of his first wife. They have two children --- Sheldon J. and John E. Mr. Phillips has served as constable several times. Mrs. Phillips has one son by her former marriage --- William Wallace, born June 2, 1866. He was quite young when his father died, remembers but little about him, and has assumed the name of Phillips.

James Putnam, son of William Putnam, was born in Prince Edward Co., Canada West, in 1841. When two years of age his parents moved to Winnebago Co., Ill., and in 1850 to Iowa. James made his home with his father the most of the time until the breaking out of the Civil war, when he enlisted in the 53d Illinois Volunteers, and served until the regiment was mustered out July 28, 1865. He participated in the battles of Pittsburg Landing, siege of Vicksburg and Jackson, Miss. In the last battle he was so injured by concussion as to permanently affect his hearing. Veteranizing, he was with the regiment in the Atlanta campaign, the battle of Kenesaw Mountain and others. For gallant and meritorious services at Atlanta he was promoted, on the field, from 1st sergeant to captain of his company. He followed Sherman on his march to the sea, and up to the capitol at Washington, where he was in line at the review of Sherman's grand army in June, 1865. While home on a veteran furlough, in 1864, he married Dulcia Wheeler, of Green Co., Wis. After the war he went to Oshkosh, where he lived six years, engaging in his profession, that of engineer. He went from there to Brown county, in 1872, employed in the same work, and in 1880 he came to Scott town, bought land on section 29, and engaged in farming. Mr. and Mrs. Putnam have had six children, five of whom are living --- Maud E., Thadeus, Josephine, Grace and James. Georgia was drowned at Northport in 1875. Mr. Putnam is a member of the town board.

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